Results 136 to 180 of 191
12-20-2010, 04:27 PM #136
Soviet Military Aviatrixes of WW2, Part 11
30. Yamshchikova, Olga Nikolaevna, Colonel
or Olga Iamsikova or Olga Yemshokova
Heroine of the Soviet Union
Her nickname was “Grandma of the Russian Aviation”. She was a pilot, engineer and colonel. Born May 24, 1914 (June 6, 1914) in Wjatka (today Kirov), died 1981.
1928 she worked as tractor driver on the airport of the Aero-Club in Leningrad to transport fuel. July 4, 1932 she undertook her first flight. 1935 she won her first world record with a glider, together with Ludmila Chistyakov and Helen Karateva (from Leningrad to Kobtel and back, 1950 kms in 13 hours and 40 minutes.
Since 1938 she joined the Russian Army, but from 1942 only she was allowed to fly fighter missions. September 24. 1942 she had her first kill, a Ju88 during the night over Stalingrad. From July 1, 1943, she flew with the 585th regiment. During her 217 sorties she is rumoured to have won 17 aerial victories. So Yamshchikova might be credited to be, apart from Litvyak, the highest-scoring woman ace of all time. Later she was the commander of the 586th regiment. After the war she became the first Soviet woman to fly jet aircraft when she became a test pilot.
31. Kazarinova, Tamara Aleksandrovna, Colonel
Heroine of the Soviet Union
Born June 26, 1906, in Moscow, died August 4, 1956
From January 1929 in the Red Army, 1929 joined the Military School of Aviation in Leningrad, 1930 the Pilots School in Kacha-Sevastopol. From November 1941 she was at the front.
She was the first commander of the 586th fighter regiment from April 16, 1942, one of two Kazarinova sisters who served in the aviation regiments. It was under her command that the 586th began its active service on 16 April 1942 as part of the 144 Fighter Aviation Division of IA/PVO. Her command was brief--just over six months--a fact that is often not evident from the published sources. She did not evoke the sort of loyalty that Raskova received, but many veterans of the 586th still credit Kazarinova with trying her best. By most accounts, Kazarinova was not a very likable person. Unlike the popular Raskova, she was stiff and severe. Tamara Kazarinova was strict, harsh, and cold--traditionally "masculine" in her style.
After a crash in the Kaukasus she was badly hurt on her right leg and did not get sufficient medical treatment, which led to the fact that she was not able to fly any longer. 1954 she left the Army.
12-20-2010, 04:56 PM #137
Soviet Military Aviatrixes of WW2, Part 12
32. Zubkova, Antonina
or Antonina L. Zubkov, navigator 587th/125th GvBAP
(1920 - 1950)
Heroine of the Soviet Union - 125th Squadron pilot GvBAP
Born October 12, 1920 in the village of Ryazan Semyon in a peasant family. After high school she went to study mathematics and physics at the university. The war started when she was in third grade.
In October 1941 she enrolled in the Red Airforce. Her focus as a pilot for the 125th Guards bomber aviation regiment was the bomber Pe-2. On the front she came in April 1943 when the Regiment "Night Witches" went from Stalingrad to the Baltic Sea. She flew with the squadron commander NF Fedutěnkovou. At the end of the war she had an account of 50 combat sorties. After the war, August 18, 1945, she was awarded the Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union.
After the war, AL Zubkov finished college and then went to study at the Military Aviation Academy Žukovského NO. November 13, 1950, she died tragically; she was 30 years old only.
33. Dzhunkovskaia, Galina, Major
or Galina I. Džunkovskaja
Heroine of the Soviet Union - aviatress 125th Squadron Guards bomber aviation regiment
Born on 6th October 1922 in a village not far from Jukovka Stavišenska in a peasant family. During her childhood and youth she lived in Grozny, where in 1938 she finished secondary medical school. In 1941 she went to Moscow to study at the Moscow Aviation Institute, joined the Red Army in 1942 and completed the courses of military pilots in the town of Engels. On the front she came in January 1943 and participated in the fighting groups Donského, Severokavkazského, West, 3rd Belarus and the first Baltic Front. Twice she was wounded, but always returned to her squadron. To her credit she had 62 combat sorties, 5 aerial victories and together with MI Dolina she was involved in shooting down two enemy machines. She received the Gold Star Hero of the Soviet Union August 18, 1945.
After the war she served in the Far East and in 1949 got the rank of Major. In 1951 she ended at Kirovograd Regional Pedagogical Institute and then taught high school English. She became a member of the Company's management of the Soviet-Dutch friendship and a member of the International Commission of the Soviet War Veterans Committee. She died September 12, 1985, in Moscow.
34. Khomyakova, Valeria Ivanovna, Lieutenant
or Valery I. Chomjakova
Lieutenant Valeria Ivanovna Khomyakova was the first woman pilot in history to shoot down an enemy aircraft at night. It was a German Junkers Ju88 bomber, September 3, 1942.
Valery I. Chomjakova - aviatress 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment
(1914 - 1942)
Born in 1914 in an engineer's family in Moscow. She graduated from technical college and then Chemical Technology Institute, while learning to fly at an Aero Club, later as a flying teacher. Before volunteering for the Red Air Force, she was an engineer at the Frunze plant in Moscow and still a flying instructor in the Aero Club.
November 15, 1941 she came to the unit of Marina M. Raskova, but she wanted to become a fighter and so she went to the school for pilots in the city of Engels. She reached the front in spring of 1942, already a deputy commander of the squadron. With her aircraft Yak-1 she participated in the fighting over Saratov, where the first woman-fighter shot down an enemy bomber. It was a Ju-88 and it happened on 24 September 1942.
Two weeks later, Valery Chomjakova died in October 6, 1942. The newspapers wrote that she was in an air combat with superior enemy forces. Only many years later it was revealed that she died in a banal accident, when after a night of heavy fighting, dead tired, she fell asleep during her last flight.
35. Sumarokova, Tatiana Nikolaevna
September, 16, 1922 - Mai 28, 1997, 588th (46th)
Heroine of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant
Her fate before the war is not known. She had over 500 sorties as navigator of the 588th regiment, from the Caucasus to Berlin. She was honored with six Soviet orders and medals and proposed to award the Golden Star of the Hero of the USSR, but for unknown reasons she did not get it before the end of the war.
After the war she studied journalism at the Moscow Institute and for many years she worked for the magazine "Sport and physical education" and "Soviet patriot." At the same time she was a member of the Committee of Soviet-Portuguese friendship.
October 11, 1995 she received the Gold Star Hero of the Russian Federation.
To be continued with the history of the three "female" regiments of the Red Air Force......
Last edited by kh; 12-23-2010 at 08:37 AM.
12-20-2010, 07:47 PM #138Platinum Bullet Member
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The very first pic on page on the left looks like Rosie O'Donnell - Sorry shuold have not insulted Olga Yemshokova like that.
12-21-2010, 12:36 AM #139
12-21-2010, 01:25 AM #140
Part 13: The “Female” Regiments 1
The “Female” Regiments:
The Women’s Aviation Group 122 consisted of three Regiments:
586th Women's Fighter Aviation Regiment (initially equipped with Yakovlyev YaK-1s and 7Bs and later YaK-9s)
587th Women's Day Bomber Aviation Regiment (flying Petlyakov Pe-2 two-engined bombers)
588th Women's Night Bomber Aviation Regiment, "Night Witches" (flying Polikarpov Po-2 biplanes)
Some general pictures:
after the fight
Fighter Regiment Chief navigatior Nina Slovokhotova and navigation officer Seid Memedova
Right - Chief of the Regiment Staff Alexandra Makunina
Soviet female pilots
Squadron meeting at the 586th Fighter Air Regiment
12-21-2010, 02:14 AM #141
Part 14: The “Female” Regiments 2, 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment
(I have tried to show photos of the aviatrixes mentioned below, but I did not find photos of all of them. If a name is shown in normal script I do not have the photo, if it is in bolt-script I have it, if a photo does not appear over the bolt-written name I have shown it before.)
01 The 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment (586 IAP/PVO): This unit was the first to take part in combat (April 16, 1942) of the three female regiments. Equipped with Yakovlev Yak-1, Yak-7B and Yak-9, it flew 4,419 flights, destroying 38 enemy aircraft in 125 air battles. Commanders were Tamara Kazarinova and Aleksandr Gridnev.
The women had trained in PO-2 aircraft and found the conversion to the powerful, single seated Yak-1 very difficult. The instructors could only drum into them the characteristics and limits of power and control before their first flight. The 586th Women's Fighter Regiment was first to go to the front. Commanded by Tamara Kazarinova, they flew the Yak-7B and Yak-1, totaling 4419 operational sorties, and credited with 38 victories.
Agniya A. Poljanceva Wing commander
Aleksandra Makunina (chief of staff, pilot, 586th IAP)
Anna N. Demcenkova (left)
Antonina Lebedeva (pilot, 586th IAP, 3 kills, KIA)
Lebedeva was very interesting. When the war started, she was flying Yaks in a men's regiment. She was the party organizer in the regiment, and she used her position to stay in that regiment. But later she was transferred to the 586th. You know that she crashed during the war, and only thirty years later, her body was found and dug up. Lebedeva was killed during the Battle of Kursk.
Ekaterina "Katya" Budanova (pilot, 586th IAP, 437th IAP, 296th/73rd GvIAP, 11 kills, KIA)
Evgeniia "Zhenya" Philipovna Prokhorova (commander 2nd squadron, pilot, 586th IAP, KIA)
E Y Rachkevich Kommissar
Galina Burdina (pilot, 586th IAP, 3 kills)
Irina Favorskaya (right, pilot, 586th IAP)
Irina “Ira” Olkova, (left) Lieutenant (pilot, 586th IAP, 1 kill)
J. E. Smykova
Klavdiia Blinova (pilot, 586th IAP, 2 kills) and her Yak
Klavdiia Nechaeva (pilot, 586th IAP, 434th IAP, KIA)
Last edited by kh; 12-21-2010 at 05:13 AM.
12-21-2010, 06:08 AM #142
Part 15: The “Female” Regiments 3, 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment
Klavdiia Pankratova (pilot, 586th IAP, 4 kills)
Klavdiia “Katiya” Terekhova (pilot, 586th IAP)
Liliia Litviak (pilot, 586th IAP, 296th/73rd GvIAP, 15 kills, KIA)
L. M. Smirnova
Mariia Semjonowna Batrakova (navigator, 586th 46th IAP, Junior Lieutenant, died July12, 1945, after being struck by lightning, 1 kill)
Mariia Kuznetsova (pilot, 586th IAP, 1 kill)
Olga I Jakovleva (pilot, 586th IAP, 1 kill)
12-21-2010, 06:23 AM #143
Part 16: The “Female” Regiments 4, 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment
Olga Nikolaevna Yamshchikova (regimental commander 586th IAP, 17 kills, confirmed 3 kills)
Pita Kokina (second from left)
Raisa Beliaeva (squadron Commander)
or Raya Bieliayeva,Senior Lieutenant (pilot, 586th IAP, 437th IAP, 3 kills, KIA)
Beliaeva was an exceptional person. It seemed that her body was not even like other bodies, she could withstand very high g's. During training flights she could beat any man.... I never met any man like her. She could withstand so many g's that when you were flying against her, you'd black out trying to keep up with her. On 19 July 1943 she was killed in a crash.
Raisa Surnachevskaia (pilot, 586th IAP, 3 kills)
Squadron Commander, Raisa Surnachevskaya (РаисаНефедовнаСурначевская), Soviet World War II fighter pilot, was, according to Jonathan Glancy in the Guardian (and see also Open Society Archives, "Girl for a whirl in space"), "surely the only pregnant frontline pilot in the history of combat." Surnachevskaya was one of "Stalin's Falcons", and a woman. Glancy quotes Surnachevskaya saying, "We didn't know we were special." Surnachevskaya is remembered above some of her comrades because of the iconic photo taken of her.
Tamara Kazarinova (pilot, 586th IAP)
Tamara Ustinova Pamiatnykh (squadron commander, pilot, 586th IAP, 2 kills)
Valentina Lisitsyna (Senior Lieutenant, pilot, 586th IAP, 1 kill)
12-21-2010, 06:43 AM #144
Part 17: The “Female” Regiments 5, 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment
Valentina Petrochenkova (Senior Lieutenant, pilot, 586th IAP, 1 kill)
Valeriya Gvozdikova. Lieutenant (right, pilot, 586th IAP) 128 sortides
Valeriia Khomiakova (pilot, 586th IAP, KIA, 1 kill)
Vera Lomakova (deputy commander, pilot, 586th IAP) 128 sorties
Zhuleika Mir Habib Seidmamedova, Captain
born 22 March 1919 - 1999 ) - a Soviet fighter pilot, Aviation Navigator 586th Fighter Regiment, former skydiving instructor, later Minister of Social Security of the Azerbaijan SSR. The first military aviator from Azerbaijan..
After the start of World War II, her Regiment was included in the defense system of Moscow. At the end of 1941 she was appointed pilot of the newly created women's 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment Seidmamedova participated in air combat in the Battle of Stalingrad, as well as in the Battle of Kursk and in the Korsun-Shevchenko Operation. She was awarded the Order of the Great Patriotic War, 2 nd degree. During the war Zuleikha Seidmamedova flew Yaks, the last was a Yak-9. She flew over 500 sorties and had more than 40 air battles. At the end of the war she was deputy commander of 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment of Women.
Zinaida “Zina” Solomatina (pilot, 586th IAP, 1 kill)
Zoya „Zoe“ Pozhidaeva, (right, pilot, 586th IAP)
(Some) Technicians and Mechanics of the 586th
Inna Pasportnikova, Mechanic
Irina Emilianova, Technician
Jekaterina Polunina, Mechanic
Jack. D. Borak, Mechanic
M. P. Meriuts, Chief radio communication
Nina Slovokhotova, Chief of chemical department of the regiment
Yelena Karakorskaïa, Mechanic
To be continued with the 587th Regiment........................
12-21-2010, 09:17 AM #145
Part 18: The “Female” Regiments 6, 587th Bomber Aviation Regiment
02 The 587th Women's Day Bomber Aviation Regiment, later 125th Guards Bomber Aviation Regiment: Marina Raskova commanded this unit until her death in a flying accident, while leading two other Petlyakovs to their first operative airfield, near Stalingrad, whereupon the unit was given to Valentin Markov. It started service as the 587th Bomber Aviation Regiment (587 BAP) until it was given the Guards designation in September 1943. The 587th began training on Su-2 bombers, which became obsolete, so it soon was given the very best of the Soviet bombers, the Petlyakov Pe-2, while many male units used obsolete aircraft, a factor which led to much resentment. The unit flew 1,134 missions, dropping over 980 tons of bombs. It produced five Heroes of the Soviet Union.
587th Katia Batukhtin Maria Valley, Pavel Zueva, Sasha Votintseva, Olga Scholochva, Mascha Kirillova
Kuznetsova M, S., Wing Commander (right) with crew Eugene Smykova, Lida Girich und Cathay Terekhova
Lena Timofeev, Alexander Egorov, Mary Dale, Claudia Fomichev, Eugene Timofeev, Walja Matyukhina, Tonya Skoblikova, Mascha Kirillova
Maria Kaloshina, Eugene Zapolnova, Katja and Claudia Chuikova Paramonova
Clara Dubkova Navigator, Pilot Katja Fedotow and gunner/radio-operator Tonya Khokhlov
Galya Brock (middle) Commander, Tonya Spitsin, radio operator Paradise Radkevich
Tonya Khokhlova, Katja Batukhtin, Nadia Fedutenko, Walja Matyukhina und Tosya Subkow
12-21-2010, 03:37 PM #146
Part 19: The “Female” Regiments 7, 587th Bomber Aviation Regiment
Aleksandra Krivonogova (pilot 587th125th GvBAP)
Alexandra Popova (chief navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Antonina Zubkova (#32) (navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Ekaterina "Katya" Batukhtina (navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Ekaterina Fedotova (pilot, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Galina Brok (navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Galina Dzhunkovskaia (navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP, 2 kills)
Galina Nikitina (pilot, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Galina Olchovskaya (navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Galina Turabelidze (navigator,587th/125th GvBAP)
Klavdia Fomicheva (Squadron Commander, pilot, 587th/125th GvBAP)
12-21-2010, 03:48 PM #147
Part 20: The “Female” Regiments 8, 587th Bomber Aviation Regiment
Lena Malyutina (standing in the middle), (navigator,587th/125th GvBAP)
Lena Yushin (pilot, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Luba Gubina (wing commander)
L Y Eliseev (Kommissar)
Mariia Dolina (pilot, 587th/125th GvBAP, 3 kills)
Mariia Masha Kirillova (pilot, 587th 125th GvBAP)
Marina Raskova (Flight Commander, 587th/125th GvBAP, KIA)
Militsa Aleksandrovna Kazarinova or Militsiya Kazarinova (sister of Tamara Kazarinova of 586th IAP), Captain, chief of staff 587th/125th GvBAP
Nadezhda Fedutenko (Squadron Commander, pilot, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Olga Sholokhova (pilot, 587th 125th GvBAP)
12-21-2010, 04:01 PM #148
Part 21: The “Female” Regiments 9, 587th Bomber Aviation Regiment
Praskovia "Pasha" Zueva (navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Sasha Votintseva (navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Tonja Khokhlova (left)
Tonja Skoblikova (right and with crew, navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Valentina Kravchenko (navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Zina Stepanova (left, navigator, 587th/125th GvBAP)
Technicians and Mechanics of the 587th
12-21-2010, 04:17 PM #149
Part 22: The “Female” Regiments 10, 588th Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
03 The 588th Women's Night Bomber Aviation Regiment, later 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment: It originally began service as the 588th Night Bomber Regiment (588 NBAP), but was re-designated in February 1943 as recognition for service. The Germans were the ones who gave them the name by which they are best known: The “Night Witches”. They were also the only one of the three regiments to remain solely female throughout the war, a distinction they went to some lengths to maintain.
"Night Witches" is the English translation of “Nachthexen”, a World War II German nickname (Russian Ночныеведьмы), for the female military aviators of the 588th Night Bomber Regiment. The regiment was formed by Colonel Marina Raskova and led by Major Yevdokia Bershanskaya.
The regiment flew harassment bombing and precision bombing missions against the German military from 1942 to the end of the war. At its largest size, it had 40 two-person crews. It flew over 23,000 sorties and is said to have dropped 3,000 tons of bombs. It was the most highly-decorated female unit in the Soviet Air Force, many pilots having flown over 1,000 missions by the end of the war and twenty-three having been awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title. Thirty of its members died in combat.
The regiment flew in wood and canvas Polikarpov Po-2 biplanes, a 1928 design intended for use as training aircraft and for crop-dusting. The planes could carry only two bombs at a time, so multiple missions in a night were necessary. Although the aircraft were obsolete and slow, the pilots made daring use of their exceptional maneuverability; they had the advantage of having a maximum speed that was lower than the stall speed of both the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, as a result, the German pilots found them very difficult to shoot down. A stealth technique of the night bombers was to idle the engine near the target and glide to the bomb release point, with only wind noise to reveal their location.
From June 1942, the 588th Night Bomber Regiment was within the 4th Air Army. In February 1943 the regiment was honored with reorganization into the 46th Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment and in October 1943 it became the 46th "Taman" Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment. The word Taman referred to the unit's involvement in two celebrated Soviet victories on the Taman Peninsula, during 1943.
Po-2 of the 588th Regiment
Po-2-Bomber ready for takeoff
To be continued with the aviatrixes of the 588th Regiment,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
12-21-2010, 08:37 PM #150Platinum Bullet Member
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KH, So were the ground crews female also or men?
12-22-2010, 12:11 AM #151
12-22-2010, 12:26 AM #152
Part 23: The “Female” Regiments 11, 588th Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Aviatrixes of the 588th regiment:
(many of them are mentioned and pictured in previous posts)
Aleksandra Fjedorovna Akimova (pilot, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Anastasia Nadezhda Vasilyevna Popova (commander,pilot, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Chivaz (Ekaterina) Dospanova
Evdokiia Andrejevna Nikulina (pilot, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Evdokiia Jakovlevna Rackevich
Evdokia Bershanskaya(regimental commander, 588th/ 46th Bomber Regiment)
Evgeniia Rudneva (navigator, 588th/46th GvBAP, KIA)
Evgeniya Zhigulenko (flight commander, 588th/ 46th Bomber Regiment)
Galina Bespalova (navigator, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Galina Galya Dokutovich (navigator, 588th/46th GvBAP, KIA)
Galina Lomanova (left, pilot, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Irina Rakobolskaia (staff, 588th 46th GvBAP)
Irina Sebrova (pilot, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Klavdiia Serebriakova (pilot, 588th 46th GvBAP)
12-22-2010, 12:39 AM #153
Part 24: The “Female” Regiments 12, 588th Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
Larisa Radchikova (navigator, 588th 46th Bomber Regiment)
Larisa Nikolaevna Litvinova (Rozanova)
Ljudmila Popova (right, navigator, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Maguba Gusejovna Syrtlanova
Mariia Ivanova Runt, captain, Kommissar
Mariia Nikolajevna Popova (Tepinkina)
Mariia Vasilevna Smirnova
Marina Pavlovna Chechneva
Nina Zakharovna Ulyanenko (Lieutenant, flight navigator, 588th/ 46th Bomber Regiment)
Olga "Leyla" Sanfirova (pilot, 588th/46th GvBAP, KIA)
Panna Prokofyeva (pilot, 588th 46th GvBAP, KIA)
Polina Vladimirovna Gelman
Raisa Jermolajevna Aronova (588th/46th GvBAP)
Rufina "Rufa" Gasheva (navigator, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Serafima “Sima” Amosova Taranenko (Lieutenant,588th 46th Bomber Regiment)
Tamara Rusakova (pilot, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Tatyana Sumarovka (squadron navigator, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Tonya Skoblikova (navigator, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Vera Lukianovna Belik (navigator, 588th/46th GvBAP, KIA)
Vera Tarasovova (navigator, 588th/46th GvBAP)
Last edited by kh; 12-23-2010 at 08:47 AM.
12-22-2010, 12:56 AM #154
Part 25: More Russian Aviatrixes 1
More Russian Aviatrixes
01 Katya Krasnokutskaia (ambulance pilot, shown close to her plane, a Po-2, equipped with devices, fixed at the wings, for the transport of the casualties)
02 Polina Osipenko,Major or Polina Osipenko Děnisovna (Dunik) or Polina Denissowna Ossipenko
(1907 - 1939)
Heroine of the Soviet Union
Born on 8 October 1907 in Novopasovsku (today Osipenko!) village in Zaporizhia Oblast. She was the ninth child in the family of farmers. She worked at the poultry farm until 1930, when she started flying. She went to the Kačinské pilot school, where she flew the U-2. In 1933 she finished school.
Polina won world records several times: in height and a year later she commanded the flight from Sevastopol to Arkhangelsk non-stop. This was a preparation the next record. 24 - 25 September 1938 she commanded the aircraft ANT-37 "Motherland" and flew the distance of 6450 km from Moscow to the Far East without a touchdown. For this she was awarded the title of a Hero of the Soviet Union November 2, 1938.
Major Osipenko was killed 11th May 1939 in an accident. Today her name still can be found in the Oděsská military flight school, streets and squares in Moscow and many other Russian cities.
03 Konstantinova, Tamara Fedorova, Polkovnik or Tamara F. Constantine
Heroine of the Soviet Union - aviatress 999th Squadron Battlefield Aviation Regiment, 3rd Belorussian Front
Born November 7, 1919, in a peasant family in a village in Tver Nigerjovo. After high school she started training pilots, was instructor in the Kalinin Aeroclub, and ended there in 1940. She married a pilot and her daughter was born.
After the attack on the USSR she left her husband to become a fighter to defend the airspace over Leningrad. When her husband died in an air duel with the enemy, she decided to go to the front. From March 1943 she served as a truck driver. For her bravery in battle she earned the Order of the Red Star. She made an application to the Air Force and was taken to the 386th Regiment of Light Night Bomber Pe-2. But that was not satisfactory, she wanted to avenge her husband and so in May 1944 she managed to get a combat aircraft IL-2. With the 566th an air assault regiment, and later with the 999th aviation regiment she participated in the battles in the Baltics and East Prussia. During one of the attacks on a tanker convoy her plane was hit by a machine gun, but Tamara fought against the Bf-109 and shot down one and badly damaged a second one. After that she managed to make a crash landing. At the end of the war she had 69 combat sorties. June 29, 1945 she was the only female Sturmovik pilot awarded the Golden Star of the Hero of the USSR.
After the war, she studied economics, worked at the social security office in Voronezh and was a member of the Committee of Soviet Women.
Some more will follow....................
12-22-2010, 01:28 AM #155
Also reported by the pilot was that the Night Witches flew without parachutes. Apparently parachutes were in short supply, so the Night Witches voluntarily gave them to their male counterparts who flew day missions. They considered day missions more dangerous.
This could also be Soviet Propaganda.He attacked everything in life with a mix of extraordinary genius and naive incompetence, and it was often difficult to tell which was which.
12-22-2010, 02:02 AM #156Gold Bullet Member
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Great thread guys, thanks for all the info KH! That Pe-2 the girls flew was one of the best in the world at the time. There were many modifications that enabled it to be a fighter, bomber, dive bomber. You have to say though, that the girls in the Po-2 deserved every medal they got.
12-22-2010, 06:38 AM #157
Part 26: The Girls without Parachutes
the parachute story would have come after the aviatrixes, but I agree: it was short supply together with propaganda.
A Rumour: The Aviatrixes did not use Parachutes
Post war interviews with Tamara Pamyatnykh, Nadezhda Popova, Galina Beltsova, Serafima Amosova and Klavdia Deryabina
One cold spring day in 1943, two junior lieutenants, Tamara Pamyatnykh and Raisa Surnachevskaya, were on a routine patrol over a Soviet railway junction. Suddenly they were confronted by an armada of 42 German bombers - they reacted immediately. Diving with the sun behind them, the women opened fire on the centre of the Junkers formation. Each pilot shot down two enemy planes. Tamara ran out of ammunition and was going to ram another bomber with her airplane, when her wing was shot off. She bailed out and landed in a field.
Men and women civilians rushed over to help. "They undid the parachute straps and offered me a glass of vodka, which I refused", she recalls. "Nobody could understand why the brave lad who had taken on a Nazi squadron wouldn't drink vodka!" Then Tamara took off her helmet and the astonished crowd saw the dashing young aviator was a woman.
Nadezhda Popova was a pilot in the 46th Night Bombers Guards Regiment. "The Germans called us Night Witches because we never let them get any sleep", she says. "They spread a rumour that we had been injected with some unknown chemicals that enabled us to see so clearly in the pitch black!"
Every May 2nd she joins the surviving members of her regiment outside the Bolshoi theatre in Moscow to reminisce about their daring raids in flimsy bi-planes without radios or even any parachutes.
Initially, at least, the women struggled to gain the respect of their male comrades. One general at the front complained bitterly about being sent "a bunch of girlies" with such high pitched voices, that he felt he was in a kindergarten. But the women soon proved him wrong and showed their valour even if they did like to decorate their planes with flowers and use their navigation pencils to colour their lips and eyebrows.
On a more sombre note, the number one fear expressed by nearly all female aircrew was what might occur if they were ever captured alive by the Germans. Galina Beltsova, a navigator with the Dive Bombers regiment says: "All of us were provided with one extra bullet and if I could see I was being circled by the enemy of course I could take out my pistol and shoot myself – as a last resort."
“Klavdia Deryabina’s hair is white and her manners are sedate, but she still displays her steel as she describes the feeling of being suspended in a huge beam of light in a fragile airborne cage amid a storm of gunfire.
"It was just canvas and wood. They would burn up like a match," the 78-year-old veteran recalled Tuesday, turning the pages of the 46th Regiment album in which she has marked the photographs of her many fallen comrades with small crosses.
"I'll never believe anyone who denies having been scared when you were above your target and you were caught in the German floodlights and the guns were firing from the ground," she said. "That was terrifying."
The pilots flew without parachutes so that the lightweight planes could carry an extra load of bombs--a sacrifice none of the women dreamed of questioning.
Veteran covered with ribbons and medals in her air force uniform, Deryabina jingles like a pocketful of change every time she moves. Her chest is ablaze with bright ribbons and medals. She reels off the awards: for liberating Novorossiysk, for fighting in Belarus, for freeing Warsaw, for defending the Caucasus, for combat merit.
According to Soviet-era figures, the regiment won 23 Hero of the Soviet Union medals, flew more than 24,000 sorties and dropped 3,000 tons of bombs during the war. At full strength, it had 40 two-person crews, and 31 of its members died in combat. One terrible night, German fighters shot down four of the lumbering biplanes, claiming eight lives.”
Serafima Amosova witnessed this event:
"One night, as our aircraft passed over the target, the searchlights came on, the antiaircraft guns were firing, and then a green rocket was fired from the ground. The antiaircraft guns stopped, and a German fighter plane came and shot down four of our aircraft as each one came over the target. Our planes were burning like candles. We all witnessed this scene. When we landed and reported that we were being attacked by German fighters, they would not let us fly again that night. We lived in a school building with folding wooden beds. You can imagine our feelings when we returned to our quarters and saw eight beds folded, and we knew they were the beds of our friends who perished a few hours ago."
The German fighter pilot was
Oberfeldwebel Josef Kociok, 10.(NJ)/ZG 1, with a Me 110. He was awarded with the Knight’s Cross. Later he was killed in action near Kerch when he collided with a crashing Russian aircraft and his parachute failed to open.
So it seems that at least the fighter and day bomber womens regiments got parachutes, whereas the Night Witches did not always use them.
The best explanation for the fact that the Night Withes did not use a parachute gives Hauptmann Johannes Steinhoff, the commander of II./JG 52. He wrote (quotation):
“We simply couldn’t graps that the Soviet airmen that caused us the greatest trouble were in fact WOMEN. These women feared nothing. They came night after night in their very slow biplanes, and for some periods they wouldn’t give us any sleep at all.
Fliegerkorps IV organized improvised night-fighter units with He 111s from Kampfgeschwader and Bf 110s from 10./ZG 1. Operating with the support of searchlights, these night fighters occasionally took a heavy toll of the biplanes. When hit, the U-2 aircraft was easily set on fire, and the plane was almost always doomed. The crew could not escape, because parachutes were not provided until the summer of 1944.”
12-22-2010, 06:59 AM #158
Some more femals Ground Crews
in addition to my previous post: Here are some more female ground crew members, but I (mostly) did not figure out yet, to which of the three female aviation regiments they belonged:
Vera Gushchina, weapons mechanic
Galina Volova Engineer
Hope Strelkov, Engineer
Sophia Osipova, mechanic
Ulanova, EG, Chief Engineer Regiment, Ponomarev, MI, Chief Medical Doctor Regiment and Bulatov, RM, Technician
O. Piotrovskaya, Kirillow, E., Abanykina V. Starova P. und A. Golubev, 586th Regiment
Dascha Chala, weapons mechanic
D Bereznitsky, Training Chief
Mechanics Katja Titova, Alla Kazantsev Tanya Korobeynikova
Eugene Zapolnova mechanic
Maria Shcherbatyuk weapons mechanic
Zoya Malkova, mechanic
12-22-2010, 02:25 PM #159
Part 27: More Russian Aviatrixes 2
04 Olga Mikhaylovna Lisikova, Senior Lieutenant
The 280 (some sources say around 500) combat sorties of Olga Lisikova saved the lives of hundreds of wounded soldiers and officers of the Red Army. This brave pilot has flown on all fronts from the Barents to the Black Sea; especially for the besieged Leningrad she has delivered to the firing line scores of tons of ammunition, medications, and provisions and carried back wounded soldiers and especially children. Her skills as pilot were extraordinary: Once she landed an Li-2 (C-47) in a factory field not much bigger than a football field when her plane ran out of fuel because the mechanic had forgotten to fill the tanks.. It was fully loaded with cargo, the crew, and two passengers.
Four government awards honour the braveness of this aircraft commander of the civil air fleet.
05 Anna Yegorova, pilot or Anna A. Yegorov-Timofejeva
Pilot 805th Regiment, 16 LA First Belarusian Front
Heroine of the Soviet Union -regimental deputy commander and chief navigator of the 803rd Ground Attack Aviation Regiment
Born on 23 September 1916 in a village in Tver Volodovo area. After leaving school she ran away from their parents to an older brother in Moscow. She found a job in Metrostav and learned to fly at Aero Club. In 1938 she was sent to pilots Osoaviachimu Ulyanovsk school, but when her brother was arrested and detained as "enemy of the people", she was fired. Then she went to Smolensk, where she worked in the textile factory and enrolled in the local Aeroclub. She was not sent to school for pilots in Kherson, but eventually in 1939 became a flying instructor of the Kalininského Aeroclub.
When the war started, went to Donetsk, but before she arrived, the town was evacuated. She joined the 130th separate air eskadrilji as signalmen at the Southern Front. She began to fly unarmed Po-2 on reconnaissance tasks over enemy country. In February 1942 she was awarded the Order of Battle Red Banner.
In autumn 1942 she requested a transfer to combat Air Force. After completion of training she was assigned to the 803rd 230th Aviation Regiment of the battlefield air assault division as aviatress with the IL-2 Sturmovik. She participated in the fighting on the peninsula Tamanském, the liberation of Crimea and Ukraine. For heroism in aerial battles over Novorossisk she received a second Order of Red Banner. In the entire regiment she was the only woman - and together with Dusjou Nazarkinou she formed the first woman Air Force crew in battle. Together they made over 100 combat sorties. 20th August 1944 she was shot down and captured. Her partner was killed and she was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. She then went through several POW camps before being liberated in January 1945 by tankers of the 5th Army.
After the collapse of Stalinism and the rehabilitation of prisoners of war, she was awarded the Gold Star Hero of the Soviet Union May 6, 1965.
06 Valentina S. Grizodubova
(1909 - 1993)
Heroine of the Soviet Union - Commander 31st bomber aviation regiment
Born April 27, 1909 in Kharkov in the family of the famous Russian aviator SV Grizodubov. 1929 completed pilot school in Penza, and then worked as a pilot instructor at the flying school in Tula. From 1934 to 1935 she was serving at Moscow airport. She entered the Red Army in 1936. Her credits are 5 records in altitude, long endurance and years. On 24 to 25 September 1938 as commander of the aircraft ANT-37 "Motherland" with Osipenko and Raspova she flew from Moscow to the Far East without a touchdown. For this heroic deed, together with the other two she was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union at second November 1938. In 1939 he became the head of the International Air Transport of the USSR.
She participated in the Great Patriotic War as commander of the 101st cargo aircraft regiment from March 1942, flying Lisunov Li-2 cargo planes. In October 1943 he became commander of the 31st bomber aviation regiment, and personally conducted 200 sorties in the front lines. As it is mentioned, that there were several long range attacks (against Berlin for instance) it seems to be a good guess, that she used an Ilyushin Il-4 bomber.
In 1946 she went to work in the aerospace research institute in various capacities. In 1972 she became a Member of the Supreme Soviet and in 1986 received a Lifetime Achievement Order of Hero of Socialist Labour. She died April 28, 1993. In her native home in Kharkov is now a museum of aviation.
07 Ekaterina Ivanovna Zelenko
or Yekaterina Ivanovna Zelenko
Lieutenant - deputy commander of the 5th Squadron 135 th Bomber Aviation Regiment (16th Composite Air Division, Air Force 6th Army, South-Western Front)
Born September 14, 1916 in the village Koroszczyn now Belsky region Rivne region/Ukraine. She graduated from the 7th class of junior high school Kursk, entered the Voronezh Aviation College and in October 1933 graduated from Voronezh aviation club; the Komsomol sent her to 3rd Orenburg Air Force Pilot School. In December 1934 she graduated with honour from flying school and was sent to Kharkov in the 19th light Bomber Brigade. Along with the service in the brigade she experienced aircraft and aviation equipment. For 4 years she mastered 7 types of aircraft. She was participant of the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940 (the only woman among the pilots) and fought in the 3rd Squadron, 11th light-Bomber Regiment (Air Force 8th Army). She had 8 sorties with a Su-2 with bombing of the Finnish troops. She destroyed an artillery battery and ammunition depot of the enemy, for which she was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. Then, as a pilot instructor, she participated in the training of the air regiments on the new Su-2. During the Great Patriotic War from its first day she carried out 40 sorties (including at night), and participated in 12 air battles with enemy fighters. She had two kills, the last by ramming.
The Hero of the Soviet Union was posthumously awarded by Presidential Decree of the USSR May 5, 1990.
Su-2 with the markings of Zelenko
08 Lydia Ivanovna Shulaykina
Шулайкина Лидия Ивановна
Hero of Russian Federation (1993), Lieutenant.
She was born on March 28, 1915 in the city of Orekhovo near Moscow in the family of a master of textile machines.
After secondary school she entered the Moscow industrial institute. Later she taught the tool making matter in the school of № 6 and the technology of metals in the technical schools of her city.
She was a member of the Orekhovo - Zuevskiy aero club. Since 1935 she worked together with the husband as a pilot in Georgia.
Since 1941 she worked in the aero club as regular instructor. More than 200 pilots for the fighting army were prepared by her. In 1942 her husband had to leave to the front. After this, she repeatedly requested to be sent to the front also.
Since April 1942 she became enrolled in the Air Force of the navy of the USSR. In 1944 she graduated from the Saranskoe Naval air school.
From April 1944 she was sent to the 7th guard assault air regiment of the 9th assault air division VVS of the red banner Baltic fleet. She participated in the Baltic, East Prussian, Koenigsberg and Berlin operations.
From August 26, 1944 to May 9, 1945 she had 38 successful combat missions (search and destruction of ships and transports of enemy in the Baltic sea). She sank 3 transport ships, patrol boats and scows. During the attack against Koenigsberg in April 1945, she and her crew were among the first to brake through the zone of continuous antiaircraft fire to attack the enemy transports.
Lydia Shulaykina remainde in the army until 1955.
By President's Decree RF dated October 1, 1993 of № 1554, “for courage and heroism in the fight with the Fascist-German aggressors in World War II 1941-1945”, Senior Lieutenant of aviation in Lydia Ivanovna Shulaykinoy was awarded the Title of Hero of the Russian Federation.
Later she lived in Moscow. She died July 15, 1995.
Her name was given to one of the streets of her native city of Orekhovo - Zuevo.
09 Alina Smirnova
The rumour is the girls never wore parachutes and, after discussing it amongst themselves, had agreed if captured they may have to shoot themselves. This is exactly what Alina Smirnova did. When she crash landed she lost her sense of direction and when some people ran towards her, she thought they were Germans and shot herself.
10 Dusjou Nazarkinou, Tail gunner of Anna Yegorova, 805th Regiment, 16 LA first Belarusian Front
Heroine of the Soviet Union
11 Natalia Kravtsova
If you see the female pilot “Natalia Kravtsova” just look for “Natalia Meklin”."Meklin" or "Myeklin" is her maiden name.
To be continued with the airplanes of the Ladies.........................
Last edited by kh; 12-24-2010 at 02:00 AM.
12-23-2010, 01:04 AM #160
Part 28: The “Female” Airplanes 1
The “Female” Airplanes
01 The Polikarpov U-2 or Po-2
Po-2-Bomber 1942 near Moscow
served as a general-purpose Soviet biplane, nicknamed Kukuruznik (Russian: Кукурузник, from Russian "kukuruza" (кукуруза) for maize; thus, 'maize duster' or 'crop duster'), NATO reporting name of "Mule". The reliable, uncomplicated and forgiving aircraft served as a trainer and crop-duster in peacetime as well as a low-cost ground attack, aerial reconnaissance, psychological warfare and liaison aircraft during war, proving to be one of the most versatile light combat types to be built in USSR. It is the second most produced aircraft, and the most produced biplane, in the history of aviation. More than 40,000 Po-2s were built between 1928 and 1953. It remained in production for a longer period of time than any other Soviet-era aircraft
The Po-2 had the lowest loss rate among all Soviet combat aircraft during World War II. It later served with success during the Korea war, providing the Americans with the same difficulties as the Germans had experienced ten years previously.
Crew: 1, pilot/instructor
Capacity: 1, passenger/student
Length: 8.17 m (26 ft 10 in)
Wingspan: 11.40 m (37 ft 5 in)
Height: 3.10 m (10 ft 2 in)
Wing area: 33.2 m² (357 ft²)
Empty weight: 770 kg (1,698 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,030 kg (2,271 lb)
Useful load: 260 kg (573 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 1,350 kg (2,976 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Shvetsov M-11D 5-cylinder radial engine, 93 kW (125 hp)
Maximum speed: 152 km/h (82 kn, 94 mph)
Cruise speed: 110 km/h (59 kn, 68 mph)
Range: 630 km (340 nmi, 391 mi)
Service ceiling: 3,000 m (9,843 ft)
Rate of climb: 2.78 m/s (546 ft/min)
Wing loading: 41 kg/m² (8.35 lb/ft²)
Power/mass: 60 W/kg (0.04 hp/lb)
Armament (U-2VS / LNB only)
Guns: 1 × 7.62 mm (0.30 in) ShKAS machine gun
Bombs: 6 × 50 kg (110 lb) bombs
02 The Yakovlev Yak-1
Yak-1b of Lilya Litvyak, "White 23", of 73 IAP, 1943
was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft. Produced from early 1940, it was a single-seat monoplane with a composite structure and wooden wings.
The Yak-1 was extremely maneuverable, fast and well armed, and, just as importantly, it was easy to maintain and reliable. It formed an excellent basis for subsequent developments from the Yakovlev bureau. In fact it was the founder of a family of aircraft, with some 37,000 being built. As a reward, the designer was awarded the Order of Lenin (Russian: Орден Ленина, Order Lenina) - the highest decoration bestowed by the Soviet Union - a 100,000 rouble prize, plus a Zis motor car.
Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev
Length: 8.5 m (27 ft 11 in)
Wingspan: 10.0 m (32 ft 10 in)
Height: m (ft)
Wing area: 17.2 m² (185.1 ft²)
Empty weight: 2,394 kg (5,267 lb)
Loaded weight: 2,883 kg (6,343 lb)
Max takeoff weight: kg (lb)
Powerplant: 1× Klimov M-105PF V-12 liquid-cooled engine, 880 kW (1,180 hp)
Maximum speed: 592 km/h at altitude (368 mph)
Range: 700 km (435 mi)
Service ceiling: 10,050 m (32,972 ft)
Rate of climb: 15.4 m/s (3,038 ft/min)
Wing loading: 168 kg/m² (34 lb/ft²)
Power/mass: 0.31 kW/kg (0.19 hp/lb)
1 × 20 mm (0.8 in) ShVAK cannon,
1 × 12.7 mm (0.5 in) Berezin UBS machine gun.
One-second salvo weight of fire 2 kg (4.4 lb) with both the cannon and the machine gun using high-explosive ammunition.
12-23-2010, 01:18 AM #161
Part 29: The “Female” Airplanes 2
03 The Soviet Yakovlev Yak-7
was developed from the earlier Yak-1 fighter, initially as a trainer but converted into a "heavy" fighter. As both a fighter and later reverting to its original training role, the Yak-7 proved to be a capable aircraft and was well-liked by air crews. The Yak-7 was simpler, tougher and generally better than the Yak-1.
Crew: one, pilot
Length: 8.50 m (27 ft 11 in)
Wingspan: 10.00 m (32 ft 10 in)
Height: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
Wing area: 17.2 m² (185 ft²)
Empty weight: 2,477 kg (5,449 lb)
Loaded weight: 2,960 kg (6,512 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Klimov M-105P, 783 kW (1,050 hp)
Maximum speed: 560 km/h (350 mph)
Range: 643 km (401 mi)
Service ceiling: 9,250 m (30,340 ft)
Rate of climb: 12 m/s (2,411 ft/min)
Wing loading: 172.6 kg/m² (35 lb/ft²)
Power/mass: 0.26 kW/kg (0.16 hp/lb)
1 × 20 mm ShVAK cannon
04 The Yakovlev Yak-9
was a single-engine fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after. Fundamentally a lighter development of the Yak-7 with the same armament, it arrived at the front at the end of 1942. The Yak-9 had a lowered rear fuselage decking and all-around vision canopy. Its lighter airframe gave the new fighter a flexibility that previous model had lacked. The pilots that flew it regarded its performances at the same level of those of the Messerschmitt Bf 109G and Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-3/A-4. The Yak-9 was the most mass-produced Soviet fighter of all time. It remained in production from 1942 to 1948, with 16,769 built (14,579 during the war). It was the first Soviet aircraft to shoot down a Messerschmitt Me 262 jet. It was used by North Korea in the Korean War.
Length: 28 ft 0 in (8.55 m)
Wingspan: 31 ft 11 in (9.74 m)
Height: 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m)
Wing area: 185.1 ft² (17.2 m²)
Empty weight: 5,170 lb (2,350 kg)
Loaded weight: 6,858 lb (3,117 kg)
Max takeoff weight: lb (kg)
Powerplant: 1× Klimov M-105 PF V-12 liquid-cooled piston engine, 1,180 hp (880 kW)
Maximum speed: 367 mph at altitude (591 km/h)
Range: 845 miles (1,360 km)
Service ceiling: 30,000 ft (9,100 m)
Rate of climb: 2,690 ft/min (13.7 m/s)
Wing loading: 37 lb/ft² (181 kg/m²)
Power/mass: 0.17 hp/lb (0.28 kW/kg)
1 × 20 mm ShVAK cannon, 120 rounds
1 × 12.7 mm UBS machine gun, 200 rounds
12-23-2010, 02:51 AM #162
Part 30: The “Female” Airplanes 3
05 The Tupolev ANT-37
Tupolev ANT 37 with markings of Aviation Ministry
(or DB-2 for Дальнийбомбардировщик - Dalniy Bombardirovschik - "long-range bomber") was a Soviet twin-engine aircraft, designed and built by the Tupolev design bureau, the design team operating under the guidance of Pavel Sukhoi. The aircraft did not enter production, but three examples of the type were used for research and record breaking flights.
Andrei Nikolaevich Tupolev
Length: 15.00 m (49 ft 2 in)
Wingspan: 31.00 m (101 ft 8 in)
Wing area: 84.9 m² (913 ft²)
Empty weight: 5855 kg (12908 lb)
Gross weight: 12500 kg (27558 lb)
Powerplant: 2 × Gnome-Rhône 14K, 597 kW (800 hp) each each
Maximum speed: 342 km/h (213 mph)
Range: 5000 km (3105 miles)
12-23-2010, 03:10 AM #163
Part 31: The “Female” Airplanes 4
The ANT-37 “Rodina”
Tupolev ANT 37 Rodina before the start
Pavel Suchoj with the Rodina Crew
September 24-25, 1938, three Russian women set a world record when they flew non-stop from Moscow to the south-eastern tip of Siberia. These women pilots opened up the route through the region and became a celebrated part of aviation history. With the aircraft icing up over the Siberian wilderness, the women tossed everything movable out of the aircraft to try and gain altitude. Finally, Raskova, who had been the navigator, decided she would have to go as well. She marked the aircraft's compass heading on a map and bailed out into the darkness. The two remaining pilots eventually emergency landed safely near their destination, and a hunter rescued Raskova.
ANT 37 Rodina after landing, Osipenko on the wing
The search for the aircraft in the taiga took 9 days. On October 3 “Rodina” was found by crew of a civil floatplane MP-6 (first pilot M.E. Sakharov) of the Far East regional GVF management. Despite there was a lake suitable for hydroplanes within 10km of the landing spot, those 10km were nothing but a non-passable swamp. Several airdrops were performed to supply the crew. Once “Rodina” was found, several local airforce and civil officials and journalists rushed to the scene. Irresponsible behaviour resulted in mid-air collision of a TB-3 and a DC-3, carrying press and officials (who had an order from Moscow to meet the female record-setters in Komsomolsk-on-Amur). Only four crew members of the TB-3 survived, because they were thrown out of open cockpits and gunner positions. On October 5 “Rodina” was reached by ground search group, and on October 12 its crew arrived to Komsomolsk-on-Amur.
The three "Winged Sisters" returned triumphantly to Moscow. When their journey finally ended in the Far East, Valentina Grizodubova, Paulina Ossipenko and Marina Raskova had conquered a 6,000 km non-stop flight.
Rodina crew Raskova, Grizodubova and Osipenko
They were an inspiration around the world then, and today they remain models of determination and bravery to pilots all over the world. Russia honoured them with the country's highest award, the Gold Star of Hero of the Soviet Union, and navigator Marina Raskova went on to form the all-women combat regiments whose members served as bomber and fighter pilots in World War II.
12-23-2010, 03:46 AM #164
Part 32: The “Female” Airplanes 5
06 The Ilyushin Il-2
was a ground attack aircraft (Shturmovik, NATO codename "Bark") in the Second World War, produced by the Soviet Union in very large numbers. In combination with its successor, the Ilyushin Il-10, a total of 42,330 were built, making it the single most produced military aircraft design in all of aviation history, as well as one of the most produced piloted aircraft in history along with the Cessna 172 and the Polikarpov Po-2. It is regarded as the best ground attack aircraft of World War 2. It was a prominent aircraft for tank killing with its accuracy in dive bombing and its 37mm guns penetrating their thin back armour.
Sergei Vladimirovitch Iljuschin
Crew: Two, pilot and rear gunner
Length: 11.6 m (38 ft 1 in)
Wingspan: 14.6 m (47 ft 11 in)
Height: 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in)
Wing area: 38.5 m² (414 ft²)
Empty weight: 4,360 kg (9,612 lb)
Loaded weight: 6,160 kg (13,580 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Mikulin AM-38F liquid-cooled V-12, 1,285 kW (1,720 hp)
Maximum speed: 414 km/h (257 mph)
Range: 720 km (450 mi)
Service ceiling: 5,500 m (18,045 ft)
Rate of climb: 10.4 m/s (2,050 ft/min)
Wing loading: 160 kg/m² (31.3 lb/ft²)
Power/mass: 0.21 kW/kg (0.13 hp/lb)
2 × fixed forward-firing 23 mm caliber VYa-23 cannons, 150 rpg
2 × fixed forward-firing 7.62 mm ShKAS machine guns, 750 rpg
1 × manually aimed 12.7 mm Berezin UBT machine gun the in rear cockpit, 150 rounds
Up to 600 kg (1,320 lb) of bombs and/or 8 × RS-82 rockets or 4 × RS-132 rockets
07 The Petlyakov Pe-2
(Russian: Петляков Пе-2, nicknamed Peshka (Пешка - "Pawn"; also a Russian diminutive for "little Pe") was a Soviet dive bomber aircraft used during World War II. It was regarded as one of the best ground attack aircraft of the war and it was extremely successful in the roles of heavy fighter, reconnaissance and night fighter. It was one of the most important aircraft of World War II, being in many respects similar to the British de Havilland Mosquito, though the Pe-2 was manufactured in greater numbers: 11,400. It was fast, manoeuvrable and durable.
Several Communist nations flew the type after the war, when it became known by the NATO reporting name "Buck".
Six captured Pe-2s were also transferred from the Germans to the Finnish Air Force during the so called Continuation War, with the serial code PE- and the unofficial nickname Pekka-Eemeli.
Pe-2 with Finnish Colours
Crew: Three - pilot, gunner, bombardier
Length: 12.66 m (41 ft 6 in)
Wingspan: 17.16 m (56 ft 3 in)
Height: 3.5 m (11 ft 6 in)
Wing area: 40.5 m² (436 ft²)
Empty weight: 5,875 kg (12,952 lb)
Loaded weight: 7,563 kg (16,639 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 8,495 kg (18,728 lb)
Powerplant: 2× Klimov M-105PF liquid-cooled V-12, 903 kW (1,210 hp) each
Maximum speed: 580 km/h (360 mph)
Range: 1,160 km (721 miles)
Service ceiling: 8,800 m (28,870 ft)
Rate of climb: 7.2 m/s (1,410 ft/min)
Wing loading: 186 kg/m² (38 lb/ft²)
Power/mass: 250 W/kg (0.15 hp/lb)
2 × 7.62 mm (0.3 in) fixed ShKAS machine guns in the nose, one replaced by a 12.7 mm (0.5 in) Berezin UB on later versions.
2 × rearward firing 7.62 mm (0.3 in) ShKAS.
From the middle of 1942 defensive armament included 1 Berezin UB machine gun in the upper bombardier's turret, 1 Berezin UB in gunner's ventral hatch and 1 ShKAS which could be fired by a gunner from port, starboard or upper mountings
Some planes were also equipped with DAG-10 launcher, firing AG-2 parachute timed grenades.
1,600 kg (3,520 lb) of bombs
12-23-2010, 04:25 AM #165
Part 33: The “Female” Airplanes 6
08 The Sukhoi Su-2
(Russian: Сухой Су-2) was a Soviet scout and light bomber aircraft used in the early stages of World War II. It was the first airplane designed by Pavel Sukhoi. The basic design received an engine and armament upgrade (Su-4) and was modified for the ground attack role (ShB).
Length: 10.46 m (34 ft 4 in)
Wingspan: 14.3 m (46 ft 11 in)
Height: 3.75 m (12 ft 3 in)
Wing area: 32cm (312 ft²)
Empty weight: 3,220 kg (7,100 lb)
Loaded weight: 4,700 kg (10,360 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Shvetsov M-82 radial engine, 1,044 kW (1,400 hp)
Maximum speed: 485 km/h (260 kn, 300 mph) at altitude
Range: 1,100 km (595 nmi, 685 mi)
Service ceiling: 8,400 m (27,560 ft)
Rate of climb: 9.8 minutes to 5,000 m (16,405 ft)
6 × 7.62 mm (0.30 in) ShKAS machine guns (4 in the wings, 1 in upper turret, 1 in the hatch in the floor)
Up to 400 kg (880 lb) of bombs in the internal bomb bay and underwing hardpoints, or up to 10 × RS-82 rockets or 8 × RS-132 rockets.
09 The Lisunov Li-2,
originally designated PS-84 (Passazhirskiy Samolyot 84, passenger airplane 84) (NATO reporting name: “Cab”), was a license-built version of the Douglas DC-3. It was produced by the GAZ-84 works near Moscow, and subsequently at GAZ-34 in Tashkent. The project was directed by aeronautical engineer Boris Pavlovich Lisunov. The GAZ-84 works documented over 1,200 engineering changes from the Douglas engineering drawings, and it was no small task for Vladimir Myasishchev to change all dimensions from U.S. customary units to metric units. Some of the changes were substantial, such as the use of the Russian Shvetsov ASh-62IR engines.
Capacity: 24 passengers
Length: 19.65 m (64 ft 5 in)
Wingspan: 28.81 m (94 ft 6 in)
Height: 5.15 m ()
Empty weight: 7,750 kg (17,485 lb)
Loaded weight: 10,700 kg (23,589 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 11,280 kg (24,867 lb)
Powerplant: 2× Shvetsov ASh-62IR 4-bladed VISh-21, 746 kW (1,000 hp) each
Maximum speed: 300 km/h (186 mph)
Cruise speed: 245 km/h (152 mph)
Range: 1,100-2,500 km (685-1,550 mi)
3 × 7.62 mm (.30 in) ShKAS machine guns
1× 12.7 mm (.50 in) UBK machine gun
1,000 kg bombs (normal load)
2,000 kg (4,409 lb) of bombs (short distances)
Last edited by kh; 12-23-2010 at 03:06 PM.
12-23-2010, 03:02 PM #166
Part 34: The “Female” Airplanes 7
10 The Ilyushin Il-4,
developed by the Soviet design bureau Ilyushin OKB asDB-3 (DB-3 for Дальнийбомбардировщик - Dalniy Bombardirovschik - "long-range bomber"), was a Soviet bomber aircraft of World War II. It was a twin-engined, low-wing monoplane that first flew in 1935. The DB-3 was the precursor of the Ilyushin Il-4. 1,528 were built. A change of engine from the 708 kW (950 hp) M-87B to the 820 kW (1,100 hp) M-88 resulted in the DB-3F, which were eventually renamed in 1942 as the Ilyushin Il-4. It was widely used by the Soviet Air Force (VVS, Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily) although not well known. Its NATO code-name was "Bob".
Although the Il-4 was only a medium bomber, it had the range to be used on strategic missions. The VVS wasn't terribly interested in this role, but nevertheless the Il-4 was used on several highly publicized raids against Berlin. Most would be used on much shorter range missions, often adding another 1,000 kg (2,204 lb) of bombs under the wings, in addition to the internal 2,500 kg (5,512 lb).
Finland bought four captured DB-3Fs from German stocks. These were given the Finnish Air Force serials DF-22 to DF-25 and flown from Bryansk, Russia to Finland (one aircraft, DF-22, was destroyed en route and crashed near Syeschtschinskaya airfield). The aircraft were later flown by No. 48 Sqn during 1943 (DF-23, DF-24 and DF-25), No. 46 Sqn during 1944 (DF-23 and DF-24) and No. 45 Sqn for a short time in 1945 (DF-23), until the last remaining serviceable aircraft went into depot, February 23 1945.
Il-4 with Finnish markings
Crew: 4 (pilot, navigator, gunner/wireless-operator, rear gunner)
Length: 14.80 m (48 ft 6.75 in)
Wingspan: 21.44 m (70 ft 4.5 in)
Height: 4.10 m (13 ft 5.5 in)
Wing area: 66.7 m² (718 ft²)
Empty weight: 5,800 kg (12,787 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 11,300 kg (24,912 lb)
Powerplant: 2× Tumansky M-88B radial engines, 820 kW (1,100 hp) each
Maximum speed: 430 km/h (232 kn, 267 mph)
Range: 3,800 km (2,052 nmi, 2,361 mi)
Service ceiling: 9,700 m (31,825 ft)
2 × 7.62 mm ShKAS machine guns
1 × 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine gun
Up to 2,500 kg (5,500 lb) of bombs or mines. Alternatively, 1 × 940 kg (2,072 lb) 45-36-AN or 45-36-AV torpedo. Very rarely, 2 × BETAB-750DS 305 mm rockets.
12-24-2010, 02:45 AM #167
Part 35: The “Hero Orders”
The Hero Orders
The Ladies mentioned above got MANY orders, of which the highest are the orders “Hero of……”. They got three different “Hero” awards, the most “common” one “of the Soviet Union”, the one “of the Russian Federation” and the one of Kazakhstan.
Russian law states that the title can be awarded to a person who performs a heroic deed in the service of the state and the people and thus it can be received by both civilian and military personnel. The title can also be awarded posthumously if the heroic act costs the recipient his or her life.
01 Hero of the Soviet Union
Awarded by the Soviet Union
Type: Honorary title
Eligibility: Soviet and foreign citizens
Awarded for: heroic feats in service to the Soviet state and society
Status: No longer awarded
Established: April 16, 1934
First awarded: April 20, 1934
Last awarded: December 24, 1991
Total awarded: 12,775
Next (higher): none
Next (lower): Order of Lenin
02 Hero of the Russian Federation
Awarded by Russia
Type: Honourary title
Awarded for: Heroic feats in service of Russia
Established: March 20, 1992
Total awarded: 930
Posthumous awards: 410
03 National Hero of Kazakhstan
Awarded by the Republic of Kazakhstan
The Title of "Halyk Kaharmany" (National Hero)
The title of "Halyk Kaharmany" was introduced in 1993. The title is bestowed upon individuals for outstanding services to the Republic of Kazakhstan, civil deeds and feats of arms in the name of its freedom and independence.
Individuals awarded the honorary title of "Halyk Kaharmany" are given a special symbol: the Golden Starand "Otan" Award.
12-24-2010, 05:26 AM #168
Now you must be exhausted kh, that is a lot of interesting information, again, a lot of things I didn't know & thank you for that.
Have a happy Christmas mate,
12-24-2010, 05:28 AM #169
12-24-2010, 05:37 AM #170
That was a large volume of info,for sure.Must say that some of those Russian women pilots,look rather masculine.
12-24-2010, 07:48 AM #171
12-24-2010, 08:01 AM #172
Very interesting KH. Thankyou for putting all the work into posting this. Merry Christmas to you and your family.Life is short. I`m trying to get the most out of what`s left.
12-24-2010, 11:49 AM #173
I must echo the others thanks for all the information, much more than I have ever seen on this topic.
I wish you and your family a very Merry Christmas.
And to Cruisey, and the other "competitors" as well!
GHe attacked everything in life with a mix of extraordinary genius and naive incompetence, and it was often difficult to tell which was which.
12-25-2010, 01:15 AM #174
Thanks for all of the information! I understand how hard it is and how long it takes to put up a post like this one. Your information is amazing!!
A Merry Christmas to all!
Joe"Never increase, beyond what is necessary, the number of entities required to explain anything." William of Ockham (1285-1349)
12-25-2010, 02:14 AM #175
12-25-2010, 02:15 AM #176
12-25-2010, 02:20 AM #177
Collecting information is fun and when I am interested in a part of the history I do a research, mostly in books btw. So I always collect and sometimes I am able to use the stuff for a quiz, I have to add something, look for some other photos etc. Much work, sure, but fun.
Have a wonderful Christmas!
12-25-2010, 05:45 AM #178
12-26-2010, 04:07 AM #179
Part 36: The Hero's Monuments 1
April 10, 1943, the commander of Squadron 3, Polina Makagon with her navigator Lydia Svistunova returned from battle. At the same time another plane came to land, flown by the young crew of Julia Pashkova and Katie Dospanova. In total darkness the inexperienced pilot did not see the plane underneath with Makagon and Svistunov. Both planes crashed on the ground of the airfield. Of the four girls only Dospanova still was alive. The other three, Julia Pashkova, Pauline Makagon and Lydia Svistunova got a monument in Paschkowskaja now Krasnodar.
Monument for Julia Pashkova, Pauline Makagon and Lydia Svistunova
On the cemetery in the city of Engels (near Saratov) there is another monument for the Russian aviator heros, mentioning some of the female pilots also.
Even the brave airplane, the Polikarpov U-2 has its own monument in Mytishchakh.
There is also a monument for the 588th/46th Guards Night Bomber Regiment.
But a real hero needs a monument himself. So several of the Aviatrixes have the honour that one or more monument/s of them was built.
# 02 Monument Vera Belik in Kerch (Memorial board in the honour of Hero of the Soviet Union Vera Belik, established on her native land in the Zaporozh'ye region)
# 02 Monument Vera Belik in Kerch in front of her school
12-26-2010, 04:17 AM #180
Part 37: The Hero's Monuments 2
# 03 Monument Evdokia Bershanskaya in Krasnodar
# 4 and # 24 Monument “Rufa” Rufina Sergeevna Gasheva and Marina Pavlovna Chechneva in Nizhnevartovske
To the 65th anniversary of victory on May 9 on the street of the honour of aviation in Nizhnevartovske appeared a new monument. The monument is dedicated to pilots, who flew on the legendary fighter Yak-3. It immortalizes the memory of five pilots - heroes of World War II, their names and photographs are carved on the marble plate. These are Pavel Mikhaylovich Komozin, Alekseyevich Frolovskiy, Mikhaylov Pavel Mikhaylovich, Rufina Sergeevna Gasheva and Pavlovna Chechneva.
# 08 Monument Tatjana Makarova in Moscow
# 16 Monument Eugenia Rudneva in Moscow
# 16 Monument Evgeniya Rudneva in Kerch (an additional one is Saltykovka settlement in Moscow Oblast).
# 18 Monument Olga Sanfirova in Aerodromnaya Street in Samara.
# 21 Monument Maguba Guseinovna Syrtlanova
# 23 Monument Khudyakova Antonina
# 25 Monument Hiuaz Dospanova in Almaty
Last edited by kh; 12-26-2010 at 04:42 AM.