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    Default 9x18 Ammunition Data

    The following velocity tests (a few descriptions without velocity tests) of 80 varieties of military and commercial 9x18 ammunition were completed using a Beta Chronograph set 7-feet from the muzzle of a 1985 Bulgarian Makarov. Included here are many varieties of ammunition that are no longer available, and this post hopefully serves as a reference for those shooters who encounter obscure brands of 9x18.

    Thanks to many the Forum member who helped me collect some of the more obscure varieties. Slim Tim wins the Golden Chrony With Oak Leaf Clusters for sharing his stash and providing auditing. Other forum members who provided ammunition include George Fisher (of Makarov.com); Jehzsa, VWTim, BNitch, kitchwb, Nietzsche, MakNik, VonAlt, M2 Carbine, Parasite, rangeshooter, Trent, Trapper94, Septembermars, and pete950.

    If someone comes across a brand on which I have not posted about I'd appreciate an email.

    Unless otherwise noted, I pulled and weighed a single bullet from each variety tested. All of this chronograph and pulled bullet data has this admitted weakness: commercial ammunition is built within tolerances and even 10-rounds measured are only a snapshot of the production line. I used a digital scale calibrated with brass weights from an assayer's balance.

    Abbreviations:

    OAL: Overall length. Measured with digital calipers.
    Avg: Average
    ES: Extreme Spread (difference between minimum and maximum)
    SD: Standard Deviation
    gr: Grains
    fps: Feet per second
    ins: Inches
    FMJ: Full metal jacket
    JHP: Jacketed hollow point
    "Magnetic" is listed to indicate a component contains steel.

    In alphabetical order:


    Ammonet (4H) 95gr XTP-HP (17 rounds tested)



    As of 2012 (and perhaps earlier) these are being sold on Gunbroker by Ammonet. The cartridges are made by 4H. Several smaller ammunition manufacturers such as Ammonet (4H), Appalachian, Georgia Arms, Buffalo Bore, Kinematics Research, and D&G Reloading make 9x18 rounds using the Hornady 95gr XTP HP bullet and Starline brass.

    Manufacturer: 4H in Arizona, sold by Ammonet on Gunbroker
    Headstamp: HORNADY 9X18 MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer with a red primer seal
    Bullet: 95gr Hornady XTP-HP, copper coated with flat copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.919 - 0.953
    Avg: 0.942

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1028 - 1116
    Avg: 1064
    ES: 88
    SD: 25


    Ammonet (4H) 90gr Speer GDHP (11 rounds tested)

    Manufacturer: 4H in Arizona, sold by Ammonet on Gunbroker
    Headstamp: HORNADY 9X18 MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 90gr Speer Gold Dot Hollowpoint (GDHP), copper coated, concave base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.958 - 0.969
    Avg: 0.964

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 937 - 1035
    Avg: 1000
    ES: 98
    SD: 27


    Appalachian Emancipator 9MM Makarov 95gn XTP-HP (20 rounds tested)

    Several smaller ammunition manufacturers such as Ammonet (4H), Georgia Arms, Buffalo Bore, Kinematics Research, and D&G Reloading use the Hornady 95gr XTP HP bullet and Starline brass.



    Manufacturer: Appalachian Ammunition, Industry, Maine
    Headstamp: HORNADY 9X18 MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 95gr Hornady XTP, copper jacketed with flat copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.966 - 0.969
    Avg: 0.967

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 973 - 1045
    Avg: 1008
    ES: 72
    SD: 18


    Barnaul

    The Barnaul Plant has exported many varieties of 9x18 to the U.S. They first briefly produced a FMJ round packaged in a red/white box labeled as "Barnaul", and then the "Tiger" brand, and then for some time they exported FMJ and HP in the familiar blue box with the one-handed shooter on the cover. They followed that with the RAM ammo in FMJ and HP that was available around 2004 to early 2006. Aside from those brands, Barnaul has also produced FMJ with "brass plated" cartridges sold by Wideners (introduced in March, 2007), and have produced FMJ and HP rounds under the Silver and Brown Bear name. In 2008 Academy Sports stores started selling the "Monarch" FMJ, also made by Barnaul. In April, 2008, Widener's started selling "Spam Cans" of Barnaul: 1,440 round tins with individual 40-round paper-wrapped packages.

    Barnaul "Brass Plated Steel Case" 94-gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: 9 mm Mak w/ Trademark
    Cartridge Case: Brass-coated steel,
    Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.3-gr, 94.6-gr (2 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated, concave exposed-lead base, red lacquer seal
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.974 - 0.983
    Avg: 0.976

    Velocity: (fps)

    Range: 960 - 1031
    Avg: 994
    ES: 71
    SD: 20

    Barnaul 95-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    Blue box with the "one-handed shooter"



    Manufacturer: Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: 9 mm MAK
    Cartridge Case: Lacquer-coated steel,
    Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer, red-sealed primer and case
    Bullet: 94.3-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated, concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.967- 0.981
    Avg: 0.976

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1038 - 1063
    Avg: 1049
    ES: 25
    SD: 8

    Barnaul 95-gr HP (10 rounds tested)

    Blue box with the "one-handed shooter".



    Manufacturer: Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: 9 mm MAK
    Cartridge Case: Lacquer-coated steel, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer, red-sealed primer and case
    Bullet: 94-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave copper-coated base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.935 - 0.941
    Avg: 0.938

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1004 - 1028
    Avg: 1020
    ES: 24
    SD: 9

    Barnaul (Monarch) 94-grain FMJ

    See "Monarch (Barnaul)" listed below

    Brown Bear 94-gr FMJ (Barnaul) (20 rounds tested)

    In 2006 the Russian Barnaul Plant started exporting Brown Bear 9x18. Older Brown Bear cartridges were produced by the Russian LVE plant.



    Manufacturer: CJSC Barnaul Cartridge Plant, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: "9mm Mak" with small "JSC" (Russian Cartridge Plants Association) trademark
    Cartridge Case: Lacquered steel, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 2 weighed: 94.5 and 94.9-grains; steel-jacketed, copper-coated, with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.973 - 0.981
    Avg: 0.976

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 965 - 1009
    Avg: 982
    ES: 35
    SD: 9

    Brown Bear 92-gr FMJ (Novosibirsk) (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: LVE (Low Voltage Equipment Plant), Novosibirsk, Russia
    Headstamp: LVE 02 9x18Mak
    Cartridge Case: Bi-metal case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 93.2-gr (1 measured), Steel-jacketed copper-coated with exposed-lead concave base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.964 - 0.984
    Avg: 0.977

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 966 - 1041
    Avg: 1006
    ES: 75
    SD: 21

    Brown Bear 115-gr HP (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: LVE (Low Voltage Equipment Plant), Novosibirsk, Russia
    Headstamp: LVE 01 9x18Mak
    Cartridge Case: Bi-metal case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 116.8-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated bullet with flat copper-coated base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.951 - 0.969
    Avg: 0.964

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 971 - 1023
    Avg: 1001
    ES: 52
    SD: 15

    B-West 100-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    This comes packaged in 16-round cardboard boxes with blue labeling. Part of the label reads "non-corrosive"; most boxes found have the "non" part scratched out by hand.



    Manufacturer: TCW (Tula Cartridge Works) Tula, Russia
    Headstamp: B West 9x18
    Cartridge Case: Bi-metal, Berdan primed, corrosive primer
    Bullet: 105.2-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated bullet with flat exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.972 - 0.978
    Avg: 0.976

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 912 - 943
    Avg: 930
    ES: 31
    SD: 10

    Buffalo Bore 115-gr Hard Cast Flat Nose +P (15 rounds tested)

    This round came available in May of 2010. Buffalo Bore has provided external ballistic testing of this round on their website: http://www.buffalobore.com and the velocities I measured largely agree with their data. They state that the cartridge is constructed with a "flash supressed powder" to avoid night blinding.

    I corresponded with Tim Sundles of Buffalo Bore who wrote that this cartridge is built within the standard pressure limit of the 9x18 cartridge (24,000 psi). Tim wrote:
    "The reason I went with the +P designation is because we are getting what would be considered +P velocity, even though the pressures are normal and I knew of no way to illustrate the fact that this new 9X18 ammo was quite a bit more powerful than ordinary ammo, without using the +P designation. Bullet design and powder selection make it possible to get added velocity without generating more pressure than what is normally considered “industry” standard."



    Manufacturer: Buffalo Bore Ammunition Company, Saint Ignatius, Montana
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK *-* (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: (2 measured): 117.7gr, 116.6gr. Hard cast lead, flat nosed, flat based, with a single grease groove
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.945 - 0.948
    Avg: 0.946

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1018 - 1048
    Avg: 1031
    ES: 30
    SD: 9

    Buffalo Bore 95-gr JHP +P (15 rounds tested)

    This ammunition became available around April, 2011. See the note posted under Buffalo Bore's 115-gr Hard Cast ammunition regarding the "+P" designation.



    Manufacturer: Buffalo Bore Ammunition Company, Saint Ignatius, Montana
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK *-* (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: (2 weighed): 95.1 and 95.2 grains. Hornady XTP JHP bullet; copper-clad, flat copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.921 - 0.925
    Avg: 0.923

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1132 - 1177
    Avg: 1151
    ES: 45
    SD: 14

    CCI 90-gr GDHP (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Blount (CCI), Lewiston, Idaho
    Headstamp: CCI R Makarov 9x18 N
    Cartridge Case: Aluminum case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: Speer Gold Dot Hollow Point (GDHP) 90.3-gr (1 measured), copper-jacketed, concave base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.959 - 0.963
    Avg: 0.961

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1024 - 1074
    Avg: 1051
    ES: 50
    SD: 15

    CCI Blazer 95-gr TMJ (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: CCI, Lewiston, Idaho
    Headstamp: CCI R Makarov 9x18 N
    Cartridge Case: Aluminum case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.6-gr (1 measured) fully copper-jacketed with concave base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.971- 0.976
    Avg: 0.973

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 946 - 982
    Avg: 969
    ES: 36
    SD: 14

    CCI Centerfire 95-gr TMJ (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: CCI, Lewiston, Idaho
    Headstamp: CCI R Makarov 9x18 N
    Cartridge Case: Aluminum case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.5-gr (1 measured) fully copper-jacketed with concave base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.969 - 0.977
    Avg: 0.972

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 903 - 946
    Avg: 928
    ES: 43
    SD: 10

    Chinese "Military" (Factory 71) FMJ (20 rounds tested)

    These rounds have the military marking: "71" is a manufacturing plant code; "86" is the year it was made. They come packaged in 16-round unmarked cardboard boxes.I don't think either of the Chinese "Military" rounds would have used corrosive primers as they were both made in the 1980s, but I would clean up after shooting as if they are.



    Manufacturer: Unknown factory, China
    Headstamp: 71 86
    Cartridge Case: Steel case, Berdan primed, corrosive? (possibly) primer
    Bullet: 94.5 and 94.9-gr (2 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base (may be steel cored)
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.968 - 0.975
    Avg: 0.972

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 914 - 1028
    Avg: 977
    ES: 114
    SD: 30

    Chinese "Military" (Factory 81) FMJ (12 rounds tested)

    These rounds have the military marking: "81" is a manufacturing plant code; "83" is the year it was made. They come packaged in 16-round unmarked cardboard boxes.



    Manufacturer: Unknown factory, China
    Headstamp: 81 83
    Cartridge Case: Steel case, Berdan primed, corrosive? (possibly) primer
    Bullet: 93.7 and 95.2-gr (2 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base (may be steel cored)Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.971 - 0.977
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 914 - 999
    Avg: 965
    ES: 85
    SD: 25

    Cor-Bon 95-gr JHP (10 rounds tested)

    No longer manufactured.



    Manufacturer: CorBon/Glaser, Sturgis, South Dakota
    Headstamp: *-* 9x18 MAK (Starline brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass case (Starline), Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.9-gr (1 measured) copper-jacketed with flat copper-coated base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.946 - 0.950
    Avg: 0.948

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1123 - 1153
    Avg: 1135
    ES: 30
    SD: 9

    (Cor-Bon) 70-grain Pow'RBall (10 rounds tested)

    This ammunition is produced by Glaser, but shooters recognize it as Cor-Bon. Pow'RBall bullets are copper-coated (jacketed) hollowpoints capped with a tight-fitting polymer ball in the nose. Glaser states that this aids in controlled expansion and better penetration, and that they are designed to offer the feeding reliability of FMJ ammunition.



    Manufacturer: Glaser, Sturgis, South Dakota
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK * - * (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 71.7-grains (1 measured); copper-jacketed, flat copper base, polymer tip
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.970 - 0.974
    Avg: 0.948

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1304 - 1384
    Avg: 1348
    ES: 80
    SD: 22

    Custom Cartridge GDHP 90-gr (15 rounds tested)

    These cartridges were too long to insert into my magazine.



    Manufacturer: Custom Cartridge, Inc., Goleta, CA
    Headstamp: *-* 9x18 MAK (Starline brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 1 GDHP bullet weighed 89.1-grains; copper-jacketed, concave copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.981 - 0.984
    Avg: 0.982

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 979 - 1,183
    Avg: 1,106
    ES: 204
    SD: 60

    D&G Reloading 95-gr XTP HP (12 rounds tested)

    No photo - sent to me by a forum member.

    Manufacturer: D&G Reloading, Clinton Township, MI
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK *-* (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.6-gr (Hornady XTP), copper coated with flat copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.962 - 0.966
    Avg: 0.964

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 880 - 968
    Avg: 918
    ES: 88
    SD: 27

    East German Military FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    These came in 16-round un-marked boxes. This was a common early 9x18 ammunition import and was widely available.



    Manufacturer: Volkseigene Betrieb (VEB) ("People-owned Enterprise") Mechanische Werkstatten (Mechanical Workshops) Konigswartha, East Germany
    Headstamp: 78 04
    Cartridge Case: Steel case, Berdan primed, corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.5-gr (1 measured) steel-jacketed copper-coated bullet with flat exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.974 - 0.979
    Avg: 0.977

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1002 - 1056
    Avg: 1033
    ES: 54
    SD: 17

    Extreme Shock 85-gr PDR (3 rounds tested)

    One round separated during handling (the bullet fell out of the casing)



    Manufacturer: Mullins Ammunition Co., Clintwood, VA
    Headstamp: *-* 9x18 MAK
    Cartridge Case: Brass Case (Starline), Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 84.2-gr (1 measured) "Tungsten-Nytrilium"? with a plastic tip; flat copper-coated base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins) (5 rounds)

    Range: 0.981 - 0.984
    Avg: 0.983

    Velocity (fps)

    1060, 1045, 1048 (avg = 1051)

    Federal American Eagle 95-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Federal Cartridge Co., Anoka, Mn
    Headstamp: F C 9x18 MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.5-gr (1 measured), fully-copper jacketed, concave base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.971 - 0.987
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1004 - 1056
    Avg: 1033
    ES: 52
    SD: 19

    Federal Hi-Shok 90-gr JHP (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Federal Cartridge Co., Anoka, Mn
    Headstamp: F C 9x18 MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 89.4-gr (1 measured), copper-coated with concave copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.967 - 0.97
    2
    Avg: 0.969

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 986 - 1047
    Avg: 1022
    ES: 61
    SD: 19

    Fiocchi

    In 2007, Fiocchi USA began importing their 9x18 ammunition made at the MFS Plant in Sirok, Hungary. The previous Fiocchi 9x18 was labeled "Made in the European Union", and may also have been made in Hungary. The older varieties of Fiocchi - the "Full Metal Jacket Hollow Point", and a 95-grain FMJ in a black box (not tested here) were made in Italy and have not been imported since at least 2003.

    Fiocchi 95-gr FMJ (Hungarian) (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: MFS, Hungarian Ammunition Manufacturing, Inc., Sirok, Hungary
    Imported by: Fiocchi of America, Inc., Ozark, MO
    Headstamp: FIOCCHI USA 9X18MAK
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.3-gr, 96.2-gr (2 measured), brass-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.972 - 0.977
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 895 - 962
    Avg: 937
    ES: 67
    SD: 21

    Fiocchi 95-gr FMJ (European Union) (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Unclear; This ammunition is labeled "Made in European Union", which could have been in Hungary or Italy
    Headstamp: G.F.L. 9 MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.5-gr (1 measured), copper (brass?)-coated, with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.970 - 0.975
    Avg: 0.972

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 976 - 1077
    Avg: 1040
    ES: 101
    SD: 27

    Fiocchi 90-gr FMJHP (13 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Fiocchi Munizioni S.P.A., Lecco, Italy
    Headstamp: G.F.L. 9 MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 90.3-gr (1 measured), copper (brass?)-coated, with flat exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.914 - 0.916
    Avg: 0.915

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 960 - 1020
    Avg: 993
    ES: 60
    SD: 18


    Geco 95gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)

    The RUAG Ammotec conglomerate distributes both Geco and RWS in 9x18 in the U.S. and the cartridges appear similar.





    Manufacturer: Distributed by RUAG Ammotec; constructed at the old MFS plant (Hungarian Ammunition Manufacturing, Inc.), Sirok, Hungary
    Headstamp: Geco 9x18 Makarov
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 2 weighed: 95.4 & 95.1-gr; brass-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.969 - 0.979
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 910 - 1000
    Avg: 945
    ES: 88
    SD: 23


    Georgia Arms 95-gr GDHP (6 rounds tested)

    See below, "Master Cartridge".

    **Note: I believe the Speer GDHP bullet is 90-grains, not 95-grains as Georgia Arms advertises.



    Manufacturer: Georgia Arms, Inc., Villa Rica, Georgia
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK *-* (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: Speer Gold Dot Hollow Point (GDHP) 90.3-gr (1 measured), copper coated, concave base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.947 - 0.949
    Avg: 0.948

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 884 - 978
    Avg: 938

    Georgia Arms 95-gr Hornady XTP Hollow Point (15 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Georgia Arms, Inc., Villa Rica, Georgia
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK *-* (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.6-gr (1 XTP round previously measured), copper-jacketed with flat copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.946 - 0.953
    Avg: 0.949

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 872 - 967
    Avg: 922
    ES: 95
    SD: 27

    Glaser (Con-Bon) 75-gr Silver Safety Slug (10 rounds tested)

    Glaser makes Silver and Blue Safety Slugs for use in "populated, urban areas" to reduce richocet and over penetration. They state that the "... composite design uses a special thin-wall jacket, and a precision compressed lead shot core with a soft polymer tip ... provides optimum balance between penetration and fragmentation." The Silver Safety Slug uses #12 shot for warmer climates and the Blue Safety Slug uses #6 shot to penetrate through heavier clothing during winter.



    Manufacturer: Glaser (Cor-Bon), Sturgis, South Dakota
    Headstamp: *-* 9x18 MAK (Starline brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass case (Starline), Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 72.2-gr (1 measured) copper-coated with flat copper-coated base with silver-colored polymer tip
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.964 - 0.975
    Avg: 0.970

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1099 - 1212
    Avg: 1157
    ES: 113
    SD: 34

    Glaser (Cor-Bon) 75-grain Blue Safety Slug (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Glaser, Sturgis, South Dakota
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK * - * (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 72.6-grains (1 measured); flat, copper-coated base with blue polymer tip
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.975 - 0.980
    Avg: 0.977

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1142 - 1210
    Avg: 1173
    ES: 68
    SD: 24

    Hornady 95-gr JHP XTP (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Hornady Manufacturing Co., Grand Island, NE
    Headstamp: HORNADY 9X18 MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.6-gr (1 measured), copper coated with flat copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.933 - 0.940
    Avg: 0.939

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 908 - 956
    Avg: 934
    ES: 48
    SD: 15

    Hornady 95-gr Critical Defense FTX (20 rounds tested)

    This ammunition became available in July, 2011.



    Manufacturer: Hornady Manufacturing Co., Grand Island, NE
    Headstamp: HORNADY 9X18 MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Nickel plated case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.2 and 95.4-gr (2 weighed), copper coated with flat copper base. Bullet is cannelured; bullet nose is filled with "soft polymer insert" to aid in controlled expansion
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins) (difficult to measure as the polymer nose extends out varying distances)

    Range: 0.965 - 0.984
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 924 - 999
    Avg: 971
    ES: 75
    SD: 20

    Jing An FMJ (Chinese Blue Box) (10 rounds tested)

    See below: "Norinco", which is the same ammunition. This round has the military marking: "71" is a manufacturing plant code; "93" is the year it was made.



    Manufacturer: Exported by Jing-An Equipment IMP/EXP, China; manufacturing plant unknown
    Headstamp: 71 93
    Cartridge Case: Steel case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.5-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated bullet with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)
    Range: 0.970 - 0.975
    Avg: 0.972

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 998 - 1095
    Avg: 1037
    ES: 97
    SD: 29

    Kinematics Research, L.L.C. 95-gr Tactical HP (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Kinematics Research, L.L.C., Bartlett, TN
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK *-* (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.6-gr (Hornady XTP), copper coated with flat copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.963 - 0.968
    Avg: 0.966

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 960 - 1017
    Avg: 1000
    ES: 57
    SD: 17

    "Lake City" (Armscorp) 95-gr FMJ (14 rounds tested)

    Not to be confused with the American "Lake City" military ammunition plant.



    Manufacturer: MFS: Hungarian Ammunition Manufacturing, Inc., Sirok, Hungary. Imported by Armscorp USA, Inc.
    Headstamp: LC 9X18
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.9 (1 measured), copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    M
    agnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.968 - 0.979
    Avg: 0.972

    Velocity (fps)
    Range: 1001 - 1050
    Avg: 1024
    ES: 49SD: 14

    LVE: See also "Novosibirisk

    LVE (Green Box) 6g FMJ
    (20 rounds tested)

    This round may have been the most exported of the initial 9x18 offerings from Russia. It's known for reliability and ease of feeding through a Makarov. Shooters (Gunboards members) nick-named it "Green Box". LVE also sold .380 in a very similar looking box - look closely to avoid making a mistake on the caliber.



    Manufacturer: LVE (Low Voltage Equipment Plant), Novosibirsk, Russia
    Headstamp: LVE 99 9x18Mak
    Cartridge Case: Steel case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.2-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.971 - 0.979
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 968 - 1029
    Avg: 1008
    ES: 20
    SD: 61

    LVE 115-gr JHP

    See "Silver Bear 115-gr JHP".

    This round became available through UN Ammo in February, 2014. Howie Glaser, the owner of UN Ammo, wrote that he was offered this ammunition by Wolf Ammunition and he bought all they had - two pallets. It's the same round as described below as "Silver Bear 115-gr JHP" so no chronograph tests were run. The LVE 115-gr ammunition that I received was made in 2002, the same era that my Silver Bear 115-grain was made.




    Master Cartridge

    Master Cartridge is made by Georgia Arms ammunition, see above. This is usually made with either the Hornady 95-grain XTP HP bullet or the Speer 90-grain HP bullet, and Starline brass. The Master Cartridge is packaged in a box; the ammunition that I've seen sold as "Georgia Arms" comes in plastic baggies.

    Mesko

    In 2005 Mesko joined the Bumar Group, which consists of 22 manufacturing companies from the Polish defense industry (PPO) specializing in munitions, radars, rockets, armour and vehicles. As of this writing (Jan 2012) the Mesko web page redirects to Bumar and this ammunition brand may no longer be in production.

    Mesko 93-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Mesko - Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland
    Headstamp: Mesko 9x18 Mak
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.9-gr (1 measured), copper-coated bullet with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.970 - 0.980
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 934 - 1026
    Avg: 975
    ES: 92
    SD: 31

    Mesko (SK) Nimrod 93-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Mesko - Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland
    Headstamp: S K N 9x18 Mak
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.2-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: The cartridge case is not; the bullet is

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.973 - 0.978
    Avg: 0.975

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 886 - 1000
    Avg: 954
    ES: 114
    SD: 36

    Mesko "Vollmantel" 93-gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)

    "Vollmantel" translates to "Full Jacket".




    Manufacturer: Mesko - Skarzysko-Kamienna, Poland
    Headstamp: Mesko 9x18 Mak
    Cartridge Case: Copper-washed steel case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: Two weighed: 93.1 and 92.5-gr, copper-coated steel-jacketed bullet with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Case and bullet are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.947 - 0.977
    Avg: 0.972

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 927 - 1050
    Avg: 977
    ES: 96
    SD: 35

    MFS 93-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    The "Mátravidéki Fémmuvek" company was established in Sirok in 1952. The plant has also produced military ammunition with a plant code of "23".



    Manufacturer: MFS: Hungarian Ammunition Manufacturing, Inc., Sirok, Hungary
    Headstamp: MFS 9x18 Mak
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 93.4-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case is not; the bullet is

    O
    AL (ins)

    Range: 0.973 - 0.979
    Avg: 0.976

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 986 - 1024
    Avg: 1002
    ES: 38
    SD: 11

    MFS 95-gr "+P" FMJ (20 rounds tested)

    This is not "+P" (high pressure) ammunition. I obtained the pressure test data from MFS for this cartridge. Of 30 shots fired the highest pressure they recorded was 1,333 bars which is equal to 19,334 psi; well within the designed maximum pressure limit of the Makarov. The C.I.P. pressure maximum for the 9x18 cartridge is 1,600 bar, equal to 23,206 psi (per email from Carlo Fiocchi of Fiocchi Munizioni S.P.A.). Walther Cude in The Ultimate Makarov Guide stated that the Makarov pistol was designed for pressures up to 24,000 psi, and the Speer (2005) reloading manual states: "CCI ... established the maximum average pressure limit (of the 9x18 cartridge) at 24,100 psi".

    There are a number of overseas factories that manufacture 9x18 bullets to a standard of 6-grams, which equates to 92.6-grains. However, as with this MFS bullet, the Europeans and Russians have commonly advertised their 92-gr bullets as 95-grains.



    Manufacturer: MFS: Hungarian Ammunition Manufacturing, Inc., Sirok, Hungary
    Headstamp: MFS 9x18 MAK+P
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 2 weighed: 92.9 & 92.3-gr; brass-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.973 - 0.978
    Avg: 0.975

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 924 - 1006
    Avg: 981
    ES: 82
    SD: 23

    Monarch (Barnaul) 94-gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)

    These rounds became available at Academy Sports stores in early 2008. The boxes come with a factory-imprinted "Academy" bar code, indicating that they are made under contract to Academy.



    Manufacturer: Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: 9 mm Mak w/ Trademark
    Cartridge Case: Lacquer-coated steel, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer, red-sealed case mouth
    Bullet: 94.2, 95.1-gr (2 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated, concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.974 - 0.980
    Avg: 0.977

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 974 - 1030
    Avg: 1010
    ES: 56
    SD: 12

    Norinco FMJ (Chinese Green Box) (10 rounds tested)

    See above: Jing An, which is the same cartridge. This round has the military marking: "71" is a manufacturing plant code; "93" is the year it was made.




    Manufacturer: Exported by China North Industries Corp., China; manufacturing plant unknown
    Headstamp: 71 93
    Cartridge Case: Steel case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.5-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.971 - 0.978
    Avg: 0.975

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 950 - 1063
    Avg: 1014
    ES: 113
    SD: 36

    Novosibirsk (LVE) "Sport" 92-gr FMJ (15 rounds tested)

    This cartridge became available in 2011.



    Manufacturer: LVE (Low Voltage Equipment Plant), Novosibirsk, Russia
    Headstamp: LVE 10 9mm Makarov
    Cartridge case: bi-metal steel case, Berdan primed with red primer seal; non-corrosive primer, red case mouth seal
    Bullet: 92.3, 93.1-grains (2 weighed); steel-jacketed, copper-coated, round-nose with a concave exposed-lead base and red primer seal
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.968 - 0.978
    Avg: 0.973

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1040 - 1102
    Avg: 1067
    ES: 62
    SD: 17

    Prvi Partizan 93-gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Prvi Partizan, Uzice, Serbia
    Headstamp: 9-M nny
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.0-gr, 92.9-gr (2 measured), copper-coated, concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.971 - 0.975
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 944 - 1018
    Avg: 977
    ES: 74
    SD: 23

    PPU 95-gr JHP (17 Rounds Tested)



    Manufacturer: Prvi Partizan, Uzice, Serbia
    Headstamp: PPU 9mm MAKAROV
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.2-gr, 94.3-gr (2 measured), copper-coated, flat copper-coated base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.954 - 0.962
    Avg: 0.957

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 980 - 1058
    Avg: 1015
    ES: 78
    SD: 20

    PS Grand 95-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: PS Grand a.s., Bytca, Slovakia
    Headstamp: PS 9mm M
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.6-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case is not magnetic but the bullet jacket is

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.967 - 0.974
    Avg: 0.970

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1041 - 1093
    Avg: 1070
    ES: 52
    SD: 17

    Quality Cartridge 93-gr RNL (3 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Quality Cartridge, Hollywood, MD
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK *-* (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.3-gr (1 measured), Round nose lead, flat base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    0.954 / 0.966 / 0.959

    Velocity (fps)

    1043 / 1072 / 1171


    RAM 95-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    See above: "Barnaul"



    Manufacturer: Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: 9mm Mak (with a trademark)
    Cartridge Case: Zinc-plated steel case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 93.7-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.969 - 0.977
    Avg: 0.973

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1043 - 1086
    Avg: 1063
    ES: 43
    SD: 17

    RAM 95-gr HP (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: 9mm Mak (with a trademark)
    Cartridge Case: Zinc-plated steel case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 93.8-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated bullet
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.934 - 0.944
    Avg: 0.939

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1039 - 1083
    Avg: 1069
    ES: 44
    SD: 16

    RBCD 45-gr TFSP (Total Fragmenting Soft Point) (5 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: RBCD Performance Plus Ammunition, San Antonio, TX
    Headstamp: *-* 9x18 MAK
    Cartridge Case: Brass Case (Starline), Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 39.2-gr (1 measured), Copper-jacketed, lead-filled or coated tip, convex (bulged) copper-coated base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins) (5 rounds)

    Range: 0.940 - 0.946
    Avg: 0.943Velocity: (fps)

    Velocity (fps): 1671, 1661, 1032, 1558, 1640
    Avg: (1512)

    **Note: The round that shot 1032 fps did not have the energy to cycle the slide


    Red Army Standard 94-gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)

    This became available in January, 2014 and is the first commercial 9x18 we've been offered from the Lugansk factory. I ran a "Bright Nail" test on the primer to insure that it was not corrosive.




    Manufacturer: Lugansk Cartridge Works, Lugansk, Ukraine. Imported by Century Arms International
    Headstamp: Red Army LU 9x18 MAK
    Cartridge Case: Polymer coated steel case, non-corrosive Berdan primer with red seal
    Bullet: Two bullets weighed: 93.7, 94.5-gr; lead core bi-metal jacketed (copper clad steel) bullet with concave exposed lead base
    Magnetic: Both case and bullet are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.972 - .980
    Avg: 0.975

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1007 - 1070
    Avg: 1036
    ES: 63
    SD: 15



    Reeds 90-gr Gold-Dot (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Reeds Ammunition & Research, Oklahoma City, OK
    Headstamp: *-* 9x18 MAK
    Cartridge Case: Brass (Starline), Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 88.9-gr (1 measured; factory Speer load), copper-coated, concave copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.959 - 0.963

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 922 - 979
    Avg: 957
    ES: 57
    SD: 19

    "Russian Military" FMJ (12 rounds tested)

    Identified as "Russian Military" for lack of a better term. This comes in 16-round, completely unmarked cardboard boxes. The manufacturer information is deduced from the headstamp markings which are typical military: "38" refers to the manufacturing plant code and "87" is the year of manufacture.



    Manufacturer: Yuryuzan Factory, Russia
    Headstamp: 38 87
    Cartridge Case: Copper-washed steel, Berdan primed, corrosive primer
    Bullet: 91.8-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated; steel core with thin flat exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.969 - 0.978
    Avg: 0.973

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 868 - 938
    Avg: 895
    ES: 70
    SD: 11

    RWS "Match Grade" "Sport" 95-gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)

    RWS (Rheinisch-Westfälischen Sprengstoff) is manufactured in Sirok, Hungary under the conglomerate RUAG Ammotec. RUAG includes the brands RWS®, Rottweil®, GECO®, Norma® and Hirtenberger®. It's imported to the U.S. by RUAG Ammotec USA, Tampa, Florida.

    Although advertised and labeled as 95-grain this bullet is probably built to the 6-gram standard, which equates to 92.6 grains.




    Manufacturer: RUAG Ammotec; the old MFS plant in Sirok, Hungary
    Headstamp: RWS 9x18 Makarov
    Cartridge case: brass, Boxer primed
    Bullet: 92.6, 92.3-grains (2 weighed); lead core brass clad, round-nose with a concave exposed-lead base and purple seal on the bullet inside the case mouth
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.972 - 0.976
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 885 - 987
    Avg: 948
    ES: 102
    SD: 27

    Sellier & Bellot 95-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    Note: MagTech ((Companhia Brasileira de Cartuchos (CBC)) purchased Sellier & Bellot in April, 1999

    24-round white box



    Manufacturer: Sellier & Bellot JSC, Vlašim, Czechoslovakia
    Headstamp: 9 mmM S & B
    Cartridge Case: Steel case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 93.5-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.961 - 0.965
    Avg: 0.963

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 898 - 934
    Avg: 916
    ES: 36
    SD: 14

    Sellier & Bellot 95-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    50-round green/red/white box. Older style box pictured on left.



    Manufacturer: Sellier & Bellot JSC, Vlašim, Czechoslovakia
    Headstamp: 9 mmM S & B
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 93.7-gr (1 measured), copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.977 - 0.979
    Avg: 0.978

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 914 - 966
    Avg: 940
    ES: 52
    SD: 16

    Silver Bear (Barnaul) 94-gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)

    In 2006 the Russian Barnaul plant started manufacturing Silver Bear. Older Silver Bear cartridges were produced by the Russian LVE plant.



    Manufacturer: CJSC Barnaul Cartridge Plant, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: "9mm Mak" with small "JSC" (Russian Cartridge Plants Association) trademark
    Cartridge Case: Zinc plated steel, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.3-grains (2 weighed the same), steel-jacketed, copper-coated, with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.968 - 0.978
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 930 - 1007
    Avg: 969
    ES: 77
    SD: 20

    Silver Bear (Barnaul) 94-gr HP (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: CJSC Barnaul Cartridge Plant, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: "9 mm Mak" with small "JSC" (Russian Cartridge Plants Association) trademark
    Cartridge Case: Zinc plated steel, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.2-gr (2 weighed the same), steel-jacketed, copper-coated, with concave copper-coated base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.936 - 0.941
    Avg: 0.939

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 916 - 998
    Avg: 963
    ES: 82
    SD: 25

    Silver Bear 120-gr JHP (10 rounds tested)

    A lot of shooters posted that this round wouldn't fit in or would jam in their magazines.



    Manufacturer: LVE (Low Voltage Equipment Plant), Novosibirsk, Russia
    Headstamp: LVE 01 9X18MAK
    Cartridge Case: Nickel-plated steel, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 116.8-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with flat copper base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.961 - 0.974
    Avg: 0.968

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 945 - 983
    Avg: 960
    ES: 38
    SD: 12

    Silver Bear 115-gr JHP (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: LVE (Low Voltage Equipment Plant), Novosibirsk, Russia
    Headstamp: LVE 01 9X18MAK
    Cartridge Case: Nickel-plated steel, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 116.5-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with flat copper base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.960 - 0.972
    Avg: 0.966

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 992 - 1037
    Avg: 1011
    ES: 45
    SD: 12

    Silver Bear 92-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: LVE (Low Voltage Equipment Plant), Novosibirsk, Russia
    Headstamp: LVE 01 9x18MAK
    Cartridge Case: Nickel-plated steel, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.9-gr (1 measured), steel-cased copper-coated with concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.971 - 0.983
    Avg: 0.975

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 885 - 1057
    Avg: 1033
    ES: 172
    SD: 52

    Speer 100-gr JSP (10 rounds tested)

    This round was sent to Makarov.com for testing but was never produced for the market. I thank George Fisher for providing me with some rounds to test. I found that this round, constructed with a very blunt nose, was built a bit too long and I had trouble loading it into a magazine.

    Manufacturer: Blount (CCI), Lewiston, Idaho
    Headstamp: *-* 9x18 MAK (Nickel Starline Brass)
    Cartridge case: Nickel Case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    M
    agnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.973 - 0.975
    Avg: 0.975

    Velocity: (fps)

    Range: 915 - 964
    Avg: 929
    ES: 49
    SD: 14

    Stars & Stripes Ammunition GDHP 90-gr (15 rounds tested)

    No photo - small sample tested that was sent to me by a forum member

    Manufacturer: Stars & Stripes Ammunition, Pompano Beach, FL
    Headstamp: *-* 9x18 MAK (Starline brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 1 GDHP bullet weighed 90.0-grains; copper-coated, concave copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.963 - 0.973
    Avg: 0.970

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1,052 - 1,122
    Avg: 1088
    ES: 70
    SD: 21

    TCW 109-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    50-round white box.



    Manufacturer: Tula Cartridge Works, Tula, Russia
    Headstamp: TCW 9mm Makarov
    Cartridge Case: Steel case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 2 measured: 108.2-gr; 109.8-gr; copper-coated bullet, flat exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case is magnetic; bullet is not

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.972 - 0.980
    Avg: 0.975

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 978 - 1037
    Avg: 1013
    ES: 59
    SD:17

    Tiger 95-gr JHP (10 rounds tested)

    See above: "Barnaul"



    Manufacturer: Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: 9mm Mak (W/ Trademark)
    Cartridge Case: Zinc plated steel, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.3-gr (1 measured), steel-jacketed copper-coated with concave copper-coated base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.935 - 0.941
    Avg: 0.937

    Velocity: (fps)

    Range: 1040 - 1070
    Avg: 1053
    ES: 30
    SD: 9

    Tula: See also "TCW" and "B West"

    TulAmmo 92--gr FMJ (15 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Tula Cartridge Works, Tula, Russia
    Cartridge Case: Steel cased, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.8-gr and 93.1-gr (2 measured), steel-jacketed, copper-coated, with flat exposed-lead base and small meplat (flat nose)
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.969 - 0.977
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 934 - 1007
    Avg: 964
    ES: 73
    SD: 21

    Underwood Ammo 95-gr Hornady XTP J.H.P (20 rounds tested)

    This ammunition became available in October, 2012. Kevin Underwood states that this round produces 24,500 psi which is above the C.I.P. pressure maximum of 23,206 psi. CCI stated in their 2005 reloading manual that they established a pressure mazimum of 24,100 psi for the 9x18 cartridge. I would be cautious about shooting this in a PA-63.



    Manufacturer: Underwood Ammo, Charleston, W. VA
    Headstamp: 9x18 MAK *-* (Starline Brass)
    Cartridge Case: Brass, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 95-gr Hornady XTP J.H.P, copper-jacketed with flat copper base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.923 - 0.926
    Avg: 0.924

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 1159 - 1200
    Avg: 1176
    ES: 41
    SD: 11


    Winchester 95-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    Made in Czechoslovokia



    Manufacturer: Sellier & Bellot JSC, Vlašim, Czechoslovakia
    Headstamp: WIN 9x18 Mak
    Cartridge Case: Brass case, Boxer primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 93.8-gr (1 measured), copper-coated bullet, concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: No magnetic components

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.977 - 0.977 (!!)
    Avg: 0.977

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 904 - 966
    Avg: 928
    ES: 45
    SD: 13

    WPA (WOLF) "Polyformance" 94-gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC, Barnaul, Russia
    Headstamp: 9mm Mak. (with Barnaul trademark*)
    Cartridge case: Green polymer coated steel case, Berdan primed; non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 94.6, 95.7-grains (2 weighed); steel-jacketed, copper-coated ("Bi-Metal"); round-nose with a concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.969 - 0.982
    Avg: 0.976

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 934 - 1028
    Avg: 1003
    ES: 94
    SD: 23

    * The Barnaul Trademark on this headstamp is:


    WOLF "Military Classic" 95-gr FMJ (20 rounds tested)

    This offering from Wolf became available in early 2007. It's the first 9x18 ammunition that I've seen that's reported to be from the Ulyanovsk plant in Russia. Although the box states 95-gr, the Wolf website states the bullet weighs 92-grains and my measurements also indicate that a bullet weighing less than 95-grains is used.



    Manufacturer: Ulyanovsk Machine Tool Plant, Ulyanovsk, Russia
    Headstamp: 9mm Makarov WOLF
    Cartridge case: Green polymer coated steel case, Berdan primed; non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 92.9, 93.8-grains (2 weighed); steel-jacketed, copper-coated, round-nose with a concave exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.967 - 0.977
    Avg: 0.973

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 961 - 1069
    Avg: 1034
    ES: 108
    SD: 27

    WOLF 109-gr "Bi-Metal Case" FMJ (14 rounds tested)

    This may have been the first 9x18 to bear the Wolf brand. It has a rounded, copper-coated bullet, unlike the cone-shape of the later 109 and 100-grain FMJ's. The cone-shaped bullets have steel casings; where this variety has a copper-colored "Bi-Metal" (copper-washed steel) casing. It was followed by the 109-grain "conehead", then by the 100-grain "conehead". Wolf is an "umbrella" company organized for export and contracts with multiple manufacturers. Even though their website has traditionally listed manufacuter at the Tula Cartridge Works, their recent offerings may be produced by various Russian facilities, including the JSC Liimovsk Stamping Plant, the Ulyanovsk Machine Tool Plant and the Barnaul Machine Tool Plant JSC.



    Manufacturer: Tula Cartridge Works, Tula, Russia
    Headstamp: 9mm Makarov WOLF
    Cartridge Case: Copper-washed steel case, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 107.7-gr (1 measured), copper-coated with flat exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case is magnetic; bullet is not

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.971 - 0.979
    Avg: 0.975

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 946 - 998
    Avg: 971
    ES: 52
    SD: 15

    WOLF 100-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)

    When Wolf switched from 109-grain to 100-grain they put a lot of 100-grain bullets into boxes marked 109-grain. Check the color of the casing - 109-grain is green colored and 100-grain is gray colored.



    Manufacturer: Tula Cartridge Works, Tula, Russia (caveat listed above)
    Headstamp: 9mm Makarov WOLF
    Cartridge Case: Steel cased, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 101.2-gr (1 measured), copper-coated with flat exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case is magnetic; bullet is not

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.969 - 0.979
    Avg: 0.974

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 908 - 987
    Avg: 951
    ES: 79
    SD: 22

    WOLF 109-gr FMJ (10 rounds tested)



    Manufacturer: Tula Cartridge Works, Tula, Russia (Caveat listed above)
    Headstamp: 9mm Makarov WOLF
    Cartridge case: Steel-cased, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 107.4-gr (1 measured), copper-coated with flat exposed-lead base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case is magnetic; bullet is not

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.969 - 0.977
    Avg: 0.972

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 950 - 992
    Avg: 973
    ES: 42
    SD: 14

    Wolf 120-gr HP (13 rounds tested)

    This was a very limited production and produced a very stout recoil.



    Manufacturer: Tula Cartridge Works, Tula, Russia (Caveat listed above)
    Headstamp: 9mm MAKAROV WOLF
    Cartridge Case: Steel-cased, Berdan primed, non-corrosive primer
    Bullet: 119.7-gr ( Avg. of 3 measured), steel-jacketed fully copper-coated bullet with flat base
    Magnetic: Cartridge case and bullet jacket are magnetic

    OAL (ins)

    Range: 0.958 - 0.968
    Avg: 0.962

    Velocity (fps)

    Range: 931 - 1025
    Avg: 982
    ES: 94
    SD: 27
    Last edited by North Bender; 03-18-2014 at 02:43 AM. Reason: Added LVE 115-gr JHP

  2. #2

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    Same info in table form: http://www.victorinc.com/9x18mm.html.

  3. #3
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    Here's a note I made on the old forum about Standard Deviation:

    The SD gives a measure of the uncertainty, or in the case of ammunition the variability. It's not a perfect measurement as the math tends to emphasize the extreme measurements but it's used consistently in ballistic testing so I used it here.

    An example might help:

    If the standard deviation is 10, that indicates that 68% of the shots will fall within 10 of the average. So: if the average is 1000 fps, 68% of the shots will fall within 990 and 1010 fps. The second SD is within 98%.

    Using PS Grand for an example: with an average of 1070 fps and a SD of 17, 68% of the shots record within 1053 - 1083 fps, and 98% of the shots will record between 1036 - 1100 fps. (Good ammo!)

    The lower the SD, the more consistently the ammo shoots.

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    I realize I am bringing a post up from the dead, but has anyone ever seen an early Barnaul "one handed Oleg" box mis-spelled as FULL METAL JAKET? Sans the "C" obviously. I have a box, it must be fairly early as far as Barnaul goes.

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    Hello Warbaby,

    It's hardly a post from the dead. It's been updated almost monthly as new ammo becomes available and I think this thread has had quite a few viewers over the years. Most comments on specific ammunition brands are posted on the main board when new ammo is tested.

    You may have found a unique box there. I'm far away from my ammo collection but I don't think I've ever seen a box like you describe. I'm a 9x18 box collector and I'd love to see a photo if you can do that.
    I'm always looking for rare varieties of 9x18 ammunition.

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    Can you post a picture of the box I have unopened cases I would have to go through

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    Sure, I have attached a photo.
    Attached Thumbnails Attached Thumbnails DSCF2113.jpg  

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    I bought a box of CCI Blazer that is FMJ instead of TMJ that I purchased today- would you like any pictures so it can be added to this thread?
    "To show you how radical I am, I want carjackers dead. I want rapists dead. I want burglars dead. I want child molesters dead. I want the bad guys dead. No court case. No parole. No early release. I want 'em dead. Get a gun and when they attack you, shoot 'em."
    Ted Nugent - speaking at the NRA convention April 17, 2005

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    Sure! Is that new production?
    I'm always looking for rare varieties of 9x18 ammunition.

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    North Bender - I'm going to assume it is new production as I just bought it yesterday (4/4/14). The local gander mountain doesn't usually have 9x18 ammo on the shelves. When I saw the box I remembered viewing this thread and figured I'd buy the box of ammo for my ammo "collection". Is there a way to tell when it was produced? Here are some pictures - if different pictures are needed I can dig out the camera instead of using my phone camera.







    "To show you how radical I am, I want carjackers dead. I want rapists dead. I want burglars dead. I want child molesters dead. I want the bad guys dead. No court case. No parole. No early release. I want 'em dead. Get a gun and when they attack you, shoot 'em."
    Ted Nugent - speaking at the NRA convention April 17, 2005

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    Thanks for the photos Sniper69. You caught an omission I should have cleared up a long time ago. There was a thread on this forum about this 95-gr CCI ammo back in 2008 and it's apparently the ammunition they make now.

    But through the years I've failed to pick some up. I'll correct that.

    Thanks again.
    I'm always looking for rare varieties of 9x18 ammunition.

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    you're welcome. I must not have paid attention before as I hadn't seen that flavor of Blazer until recently (it didn't help that I was living abroad for 3 years (08-11), lol). Plus because of this great thread I'm planning to get some of the LVE 115 gr. HP ammo. I have some of the 120 gr HP silver bear and my makarov seems to enjoy it, but I'm getting to where I don't want to shoot anymore of it until I can find some more. I figure the 115 gr. stuff will work just as good. :D
    "To show you how radical I am, I want carjackers dead. I want rapists dead. I want burglars dead. I want child molesters dead. I want the bad guys dead. No court case. No parole. No early release. I want 'em dead. Get a gun and when they attack you, shoot 'em."
    Ted Nugent - speaking at the NRA convention April 17, 2005

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    In reply to sniper69 - I contacted CCI regarding their labeled "FMJ".

    This is the same ammo previously labeled as "TMJ". They just decided to describe it using the more common term.

    I also asked about the Speer 90-grain Gold Dot they used to sell. They say it hasn't been in the catalog since 2000. How time flies.
    I'm always looking for rare varieties of 9x18 ammunition.

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    Quote Originally Posted by North Bender View Post
    In reply to sniper69 - I contacted CCI regarding their labeled "FMJ".

    This is the same ammo previously labeled as "TMJ". They just decided to describe it using the more common term.

    I also asked about the Speer 90-grain Gold Dot they used to sell. They say it hasn't been in the catalog since 2000. How time flies.
    North Bender - thanks for the information. I just wish they would have left it labeled "TMJ". Easier to differentiate. Well now to be on the lookout for other makarov ammo.
    "To show you how radical I am, I want carjackers dead. I want rapists dead. I want burglars dead. I want child molesters dead. I want the bad guys dead. No court case. No parole. No early release. I want 'em dead. Get a gun and when they attack you, shoot 'em."
    Ted Nugent - speaking at the NRA convention April 17, 2005

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    Awesome info. Thank you!

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    $5.99 ? Wow! Is that price in mexican pesos because ammo is so darn expensive now hehe ^_^

    Quote Originally Posted by WarBaby View Post
    Sure, I have attached a photo.

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    Quote Originally Posted by petesimon View Post
    $5.99 ? Wow! Is that price in mexican pesos because ammo is so darn expensive now hehe ^_^
    Haha, no - good old USD. I think I bought that box in 2003 or so.

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    North Bender - here are some pics of 9x18 ammo that I found in my stash when I was looking for something else (funny how things forgotten about get found years later, lol). Have you seen this type of ammo before? I'm not sure how it shoots - if memory serves correctly I picked it up at a gun show. Also IIRC it would have been purchased prior to 2005.
    The front of the sealed package (there is an interesting claim on the green colored sticker).


    The back of the package.
    "To show you how radical I am, I want carjackers dead. I want rapists dead. I want burglars dead. I want child molesters dead. I want the bad guys dead. No court case. No parole. No early release. I want 'em dead. Get a gun and when they attack you, shoot 'em."
    Ted Nugent - speaking at the NRA convention April 17, 2005

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    Hello sniper69,

    I do have some of that and like you I never shot any. It was fairly spendy when I purchased some over 10 years ago and I just put it in the collection and forgot about it. I see MagSafe no longer produces this 9x18 - at one time it was widely available.
    I'm always looking for rare varieties of 9x18 ammunition.

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    Quote Originally Posted by North Bender View Post
    Hello sniper69,

    I do have some of that and like you I never shot any. It was fairly spendy when I purchased some over 10 years ago and I just put it in the collection and forgot about it. I see MagSafe no longer produces this 9x18 - at one time it was widely available.
    After reading your post, I googled magsafe and noticed that about magsafe not making it too. I wonder why they stopped making it? As for the package I have, I just put it back into a box after snapping the pics. I'd like to shoot some of it to test, but don't want to open my only package.
    "To show you how radical I am, I want carjackers dead. I want rapists dead. I want burglars dead. I want child molesters dead. I want the bad guys dead. No court case. No parole. No early release. I want 'em dead. Get a gun and when they attack you, shoot 'em."
    Ted Nugent - speaking at the NRA convention April 17, 2005

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