#180 Weekend Quiz 4U, 19 August 1942 DIEPPE RAID - Page 5
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Thread: #180 Weekend Quiz 4U, 19 August 1942 DIEPPE RAID

  1. #181
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 102

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Name:	01.03. 0 11 1st London Division, Major-General Eric Grant Miles .jpg
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    1st London Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Eric Grant Miles. Existing Territorial Army division at the start of the war, with headquarters in Finsbury Barracks. Organized as a motor division. 18 November 1940 redesignated 56th (London) Division,

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Name:	01.03. 0 20 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division, Major General William Pat Arthur Bradshaw .jpg
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    3rd British Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Eric Charles Hayes. Existing division at the start of the war, stationed in Bulford,

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Name:	01.03. 0 13 4th Infantry Division, Major-General John Leslie Ingles Hawkesworth.png
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    4th British Infantry Division, C/O Major-General John Leslie Ingles Hawkesworth. Existing division at the start of the war, stationed at Colchester,

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Name:	01.03. 0 13 5th Infantry Division, Major-General Horatio Berney-Ficklin .jpg
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ID:	2213602
    5th British Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Horatio Pettus Mackintosh Berney-Ficklin. Existing division at the start of the war, stationed at Catterick Camp. Served in France from December 1939 until June 1940, in India from May 1942 only,

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Name:	01.03. 0 15 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, Major General Charles David Bullen-Smith .jpg
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    15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, C/O Major General Charles David Bullen-Smith. Formed Septemb
    er 1939 in the United Kingdom,

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Name:	01.03. 0 14 18th Infantry Division, Major-General Merton Beckwith-Smith .jpg
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ID:	2213610
    18th British Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Merton Beckwith Beckwith-Smith. Formed 30 September 1939 in the United Kingdom,

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Name:	01.03. 0 16 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, Major-General Gwilym Ivor Thomas .jpg
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ID:	2213626
    43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Gwilym Ivor Thomas. Existing Territorial Army division at the start of the war, with headquarters in Salisbury,

    45th British Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Harold de Riemer Morgan. Formed September 1939 in the United Kingdom,

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Name:	01.03. 0 17 46th Infantry Division, Major-General Harold Augustus Freeman-Attwood .jpg
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ID:	2213634
    46th British Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Harold Augustus Freeman-Attwood. Formed 2 October 1939 in the UK,

    48th (South Midland) Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Hayman John Hayman-Joyce. Existing Territorial Army division at the start of the war, with headquarters in Oxford,

    49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Henry Osborne Curtis. Existing Territorial Army division at the start of the war, with headquarters in Clifton, York. 5 April 1940 disbanded in the United Kingdom 10 June 1940 reconstituted in the United Kingdom,

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Name:	01.03. 0 18 51st (Highland) Infantry Division, Major-General Douglas N. Wimberley .jpg
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ID:	2213642
    51st (Highland) Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Douglas Neil Wimberley. Existing Territorial Army division at the start of the war, with headquarters in Cragie, Perth. Served in France from 24 January 1940 until June 1940. 12 June 1940 captured at Saint-Valery-en-Caux. 7 August 1940 reconstituted by redesignation of the 9th (Highland) Infantry Division,

    52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Sir John Emilius Laurie. Existing Territorial Army division at the start of the war, with headquarters in Glasgow. Trained at various times as both a mountain and airlanding division, but never used in either role,

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Name:	01.03. 0 19 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division, Major-General Evelyn Hugh Barker .jpg
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ID:	2213650
    54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Evelyn Hugh Barker. Existing Territorial Army division at the start of the war, with headquarters in The Barracks, Hertford,

    55th (West Lancashire) Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Hugh Brownlow Hibbert. Existing Territorial Army division at the start of the war, with headquarters in Liverpool,

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Name:	01.03. 0 12 3rd Infantry Division, Major-General Eric Hayes .jpg
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    59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division, C/O Major General William Pat Arthur Bradshaw. Formed 4 September 1939 in the United Kingdom,

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Name:	01.03. 0 20 61st Infantry Division, Major-General Charles St Quentin Outen Fullbrook-Leggatt as .jpg
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    61th Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Charles St Quentin Outen Fullbrook-Leggatt. Formed 4 September 1939 in the United Kingdom,
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  2. #182
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 103

    76th British Infantry Division, C/O Major-General William Maingay Ozanne. The division was formed on 18 November 1941 from the re-organisation of the Norfolk County Division,

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Name:	01.03. 0 21 78th Infantry Division, Major-General Vyvyan Evelegh 1.jpg
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    78th British Infantry Division, C/O Major-General Vyvyan Evelegh Formed 25 May 1942 in the United Kingdom to take part in Operation Torch.

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Name:	01.03. 0 31 1st Canadian Infantry Division, Major General George Randolph Pearkes .jpg
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    1st Canadian Infantry Division, C/O Major General George Randolph Pearkes,

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Name:	01.03. 0 32 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, Major General John Hamilton Roberts.jpg
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    2nd Canadian Infantry Division, C/O Major General John Hamilton Roberts,

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Name:	01.03. 0 33 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, Major General Charles Basil Price .jpg
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    3rd Canadian Infantry Division, C/O Major General Charles Basil Price and

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Name:	01.03. 0 34 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division, Stuart of 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, Aldershot.jpg
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ID:	2213714Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 34 5th Canadian (Armoured) Division, Major-General Ernest William Sansom .jpg
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    5th Canadian (Armoured) Division, C/O Major-General Ernest William Sansom.
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  3. #183
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 104

    No British County, Home Defense or Second Line Territorial Army divisions, no US units, no units of other Commonwealth countries or other Allied countries are counted above,

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Name:	01.03. 0 40 V US Corps Major-General William Shaffer Key.jpg
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    though major parts of the V US Corps (C/O Major-General William Shaffer Key) were in Ireland before Dieppe already.



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Name:	01.03. 0 41 1st US Armored Division  M3 Lee at Tabourka North Africa 1942.jpg
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ID:	2215434Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 41 1st US Armored Division (Major-General Orlando Ward).jpg
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    The 1st US Armored Division (C/O Major-General Orlando Ward) was ordered to board

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Name:	01.03. 0 41 1st US Armored Division RMS Queen Mary 1.jpg
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ID:	2215458Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 41 1st US Armored Division RMS Queen Mary 2.jpg
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Name:	01.03. 0 41 1st US Armored Division RMS Queen Mary Commodore Sir James Gordon Partridge Bisset, .jpg
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    the RMS Queen Mary (C/O Commodore Sir James Gordon Partridge Bisset, RNR)

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Name:	01.03. 0 41 1st US Armored Division Brooklyn Army Terminal.jpg
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    at the New York Port of Embarkation at the Brooklyn Army Terminal on 11 May 1942. Units on Board were 9,880 troops, including part of 1st Armored Division, and 875 crew. They arrived at Firth of Clyde, Scotland, on 16 May 1942.
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  5. #184
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 105

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Name:	01.03. 0 41 1st US Infantry Division, Major-General Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr., .jpg
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ID:	2215482
    The 1st US Infantry Division, the "Big Red One" (C/O Major-General Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr.) departed New York on 2 August 1942

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Name:	01.03. 0 41 1st US Infantry Division, on board RMS Queen Mary.jpg
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    on RMS Queen Mary, 15,125 troops of the division and 863 crew, arriving in Gourock, Scotland, 7 August 1942, shortly before Dieppe only.

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Name:	01.03. 0 41 34th US Infantry Division, Major-General Russell Peter Hartle.jpg
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ID:	2215522Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 41 34th US Infantry Division, Major-General Russell P. Hartle standing on the quayside .jpg
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ID:	2215514
    The 34th US Infantry Division (C/O Major-General Russell Peter Hartle) was the first to arrive in the UK.

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Name:	01.03. 0 41 34th US Infantry Division, initial group of 4,508 men disembarks 1.jpg
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ID:	2215498Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 41 34th US Infantry Division, initial group of 4,508 men stepped ashore .jpg
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    The initial group of 4,508 men stepped ashore at 12:15 hrs on 26 January 1942 from aboard

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Name:	01.03. 0 41 34th US Infantry Division, Transport USS Chateau Thierry .jpg
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    the USS Chateau Thierry (AP-31, C/O Lt.Cdr. John Kenneth Davis)

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Name:	01.03. 0 41 34th US Infantry Division, Transport RMS Strathaird.jpg
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    and RMS Strathaird (C/O Captain D.M. Stuart) at Dufferin Quay, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
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  6. #185
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 106

    V Corps made their headquarters at Brownlow House, Lurgan/Armagh. The 34th (Red Bull) US Infantry set up camp first at Ballymena/Antrim, before moving to Omagh/Tyrone. The 1st Armored Division of the US Army, known as The Old Ironsides made Castlewellan/Down its primary base.

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Name:	01.03. 0 44 king george in northern ireland 1942 .jpg
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    His Majesty King George VI and Queen Elizabeth arrived on 25 June 1942 to tour US bases.

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Name:	01.03. 0 44 Winant (right) with King George VI (saluting) and his wife Queen Elizabeth in northe.jpg
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    Their accompaniment for the trip was United States Ambassador John Gilbert Winant (see above). The highlight of V Corps training undertaken in Northern Ireland was Exercise Atlantic held over ten days from 1 July to 8 July 1942. For the exercise US 1st Armored Division, British 59th Division, 72nd Indian Infantry Brigade (C/O Brigadier Alfred Rimbault Aslett) came under command of V Corps.

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Name:	01.03. 0 46 Major-General Vivian Henry Bruce Majendie with a reporter Belfast 1942.jpg
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    Under the supervision of the General Officer Commanding British Troops in Northern Ireland, Major-General Vivian Henry Bruce Majendie, they opposed US 34th Division and British 61st Division.
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  7. #186
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 107

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Name:	01.03. 0 59 Operation Torch 1.jpg
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Name:	01.03. 0 59 Operation Torch 22.jpg
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    Next keep in mind that just three months after Dieppe, on 8 November 1942, the Allies had the organization, the ships (350 warships and 500 transports), the material and the men to land 107,000 Allied, US, British and French troops and invade North Africa in Operation Torch

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Name:	01.03. 0 59 Operation Torch Lieutenant-General Eisenhower.jpg
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    under the overall command of Lieutenant-General Dwight D. Eisenhower,
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  8. #187
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 108

    with Western Task Force, aimed at Casablanca,

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Name:	01.03. 0 60 2nd Armored Division Major-General Willis Dale Crittenberger.jpg
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    consisting of the U.S. 2nd Armored Division (C/O Major-General Willis Dale Crittenberger)

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Name:	01.03. 0 60 3rd Infantry Division Major-General Jonathan Waverly Anderson.jpg
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    and the U.S. 3rd (C/O Major-General Jonathan Waverly Anderson)

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Name:	01.03. 0 60 9th Infantry Division Major-General Manton Sprague Eddy 1.jpg
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ID:	2217538Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 60 9th Infantry Division Major-General Manton Sprague Eddy.jpg
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    and 9th (C/O Major-General Manton Sprague Eddy) Infantry Divisions, in a convoy of over 100 ships, transported directly from the United States

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Name:	01.03. 0 60 Major General George S. Patton 1.jpg
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ID:	2217562Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 60 American Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower (right) and George S. Patton plan Operation T.jpg
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Name:	01.03. 0 60 Major General George S. Patton Operation Torch.jpg
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    and commanded by Major-General George Smith Patton,

    with Center Task Force, aimed at Oran, including the U.S. 2nd Battalion, 509th Parachute Infantry Regiment, the U.S. 1st Infantry Division, and the U.S. 1st Armored Division, sailing from the United Kingdom

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Name:	01.03. 0 61 American Major-General Lloyd Ralston Fredendall.jpg
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ID:	2217586Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 61 American Major-General Lloyd Ralston Fredendall 1.jpg
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    and commanded by Major-General Lloyd Ralston Fredendall

    and with Eastern Task Force, aimed at Algiers, consisting of the 39th Infantry Regiment of 9th U.S. Infantry Division, a brigade from the British 78th and the U.S. 34th Infantry Division, along with two British commando units (No. 1 and No. 6 (C/O Lieutenant Colonel Iain McAlpine) Commandos, sailing from the United Kingdom

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Name:	01.03. 0 62 Lieutenant-General Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson 1.jpg
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ID:	2217594Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 62 Lieutenant-General Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson.jpg
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    and commanded by the British Lieutenant-General Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson.
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  9. #188
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 108

    If you remember, how long the frontline of the German Heeresgruppe D was, 3506 kms, which means an average of 125 kms for each of the 28 German divisions, even the reserve divisions included, you will know that only few German soldiers were guarding a kilometer.

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Name:	01.03. 0 70 Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz 1.jpg
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ID:	2217618Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 70 Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz Book 1.jpg
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ID:	2217626Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 0 70 Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz Book 2.jpg
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    The Prussian general and military theorist Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz wrote in his most notable work, Vom Kriege (On War, still studied today, demonstrating its continued relevance) that due to the manifold advantages an attack will have a sufficient chance of success with a necessary superiority of the attacker of about 3:1. So if the Allied troops would have been concentrated at a place with sufficient support from the air and sea they would have had the ability to succeed.

    Stalin, who knew that the German defenses in Western Europe were weak, continued to press London and Washington for a landing in France. Churchill also experienced considerable domestic pressure in favor of a second front, for example from members of his own cabinet,

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Name:	01.03. 1 Sir Richard Stafford Cripps 1947.jpg
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    such as the socialist Sir Richard Stafford Cripps,former ambassador to Moscow and in 1942 Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons, and particularly from the side of the trade unions, whose members were sympathetic to the plight of the Soviets and soon painted

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Name:	01.03. 2 Aid-to-Russia-demonstration-19 Dec 1941.jpg
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ID:	2217650Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 4 Second front rally-in-Trafalgar-Square oct-25th-1942.jpg
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    Second Front NOW on their factory walls and organized a rally of 60000 people in Trafalgar Square to repeat the demand, the leftward-leaning intelligentsia,

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Name:	01.03. 3 Harry Pollitt.jpg
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ID:	2217658
    in particular Harry Pollitt, editor of the newspaper Daily Worker and also by the public opinion, which voted 60% pro and only 12% against a second front (Gallup Poll 27 July 1942).

    In Britain people imagined the sufferings of Russian people, and a number of schemes were set up to collect funds. The variety of these appeals and lack of knowledge of Russian needs and conditions actually threatened to reduce their effectiveness, so a national scheme was arranged.

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Name:	01.03. 9 December 1941 Churchill purchases a British Red Cross ‘Aid to Russia’ flag .jpg
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ID:	2217674Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.03. 9 December 1941 Red Cross ‘Aid to Russia’ flag..jpg
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    The Joint War Organisation began an Aid to Russia Fund in 1941, with Mrs Clementine Churchill as the chairman. Around 8 million was raised over the course of the war, in part from contributions from the Penny-a-Week Fund.
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  10. #189
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 109

    01.04. Second Washington Conference (19 25 June 1942)

    In mid-June 1942, two months before Dieppe, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was growing concerned about the war and the direction of Allied strategy. The Eastern Front had turned into a slaughterhouse, and it wasnt clear how long the Soviets could hold up, but this was not the only nightmare for Churchill those days.

    01.04.01. Churchills Nightmare Africa

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 01 a map Operation Crusader 1.jpg
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    During Operation Crusader 18 November - 30 December 1941 the British 8th Army had forced the Axis forces back

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 01 Fort Maddalena 1.jpg
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ID:	2220442Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 0 01 Fort Sollum 1.jpg
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ID:	2220450Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 0 01 Fort Sollum 1941 1.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 0 01 Sollum 2.jpg
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    from Sollum in Egypt, relieved the Axis siege of Tobruk, then pushed them out of their defensive positions at Gazala and finally on 6 January 1942 drove them back to a new defense line.
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  11. #190
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 110

    The line had been prepared by Afrika-Regiment 361 (formation was created from former German Foreign Legionaries who had served France before 1940,

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 02 at El Agheila Hans-Lewin von Barby 1.jpg
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    C/O Oberstleutnant Hans-Levin von Barby)

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 03 at El Agheila line 1.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 0 03 b Marsa al Brega airport 1.jpg
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    from Marsa al Brega

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 03 Rommel near El Agheila 2.jpg
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ID:	2220522Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 0 03 El Agheila after the retreat 1.jpg
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ID:	2220506Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 0 03 El Agheila 2.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 0 03 El Agheila Gruppenfotos mit der schweren Panzerbchse 41 und dem dafr e.jpg
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ID:	2220514
    along the coast to El Agheila

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 04 Arco dei Fileni, border Cyrenaika-Tripolitania 2.jpg
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    (on the border of the Libyan provinces of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania, where Rommels offensive had begun 24 March 1941)

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 03 s El Agheila oasis Marada 1.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 0 03 s El Agheila oasis Marada 2.jpg
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    and from there to the south to the oasis Marada. There, behind a fifty-mile line of salt-pans, sand dunes and small cliffs, with the vast expanse of shifting sand known as the Libyan Sand Sea on the southern flank, Rommel defied British further attempts to advance.
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  12. #191
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 111

    The British supply lines were overstretched after an advance of 800 kilometres (500 mi), while the German ones were quite short.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 05 Rommel and Kesselring 2.jpg
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    In addition, the German Luftflotte 2 (2nd Air Fleet, C/O Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring) attacked effectively Malta and therefore supplies for Rommel arrived unhindered.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 07 supplies 1.jpg
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ID:	2220562Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 0 07 supplies 2.jpg
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    After having received some reinforcements on 5 January the Afrika Korps on 18 January reported 97 tanks combat-ready (9 Pz IV, 66 Pz III, 22 Pz II, plus 14 capable of repair within two days and 28 still on the way from Tripoli), the Italian units had 89 tanks. The ability of the Germans to shift resources to North Africa after stabilizing the Eastern Front in January 1942 and the diversion of British resources to meet the Japanese threat in the Pacific after 7 December 1941 enabled Rommel to launch a surprise counter-attack from his positions at El Agheila on 21 January.
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  13. #192
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 112

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 10 b Major-General Alfred Reade Godwin-Austen XIII Corps 1.jpg
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    The British commander of XIIIth Corps, Major-General Alfred Reade Godwin-Austen, had deployed two brigades at the front, each with two battalions, 200th Guards Brigade (the former 22nd Guards Brigade, renamed to avoid confusion

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 10 d Brigadier John Charles Oakes Marriot 1.jpg
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    with the 22nd Armoured Brigade, C/O Brigadier John Charles Oakes Marriott) and the support group (a brigade equivalent) of 1st Armored Division (C/O Major General Messervy, see below). The 2nd Armored Brigade (C/O Brigadier Briggs, see below), with 80 Crusader and 55 Stuart tanks was held to the left rear of the front.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 10 f General Francis Ivan Simms Tuker 1.jpg
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    4th Indian Division (C/O Major General Francis Ivan Simms Tuker) was responsible for the coast road and Benghazi.

    Rommels action had originally been a "reconnaissance in force", but like in 1941, Rommel found green units in his path, as the forward elements of the 8th Army were of the 1st Armored Division. In addition they were dispersed and tired, and Rommel, in his typical manner, with just something like three days' rations in hand, took advantage of the situation and so his second offensive bore quick fruit.

    Rommels opening blow tied the British in knots.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 11 d Oberst Werner Marcks 1.jpg
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    A regiment-size task force, Kampfgruppe Marcks (Battle Group Marcks, C/O Oberstleutnant Werner Marcks), composed of detachments taken from Marcks 155th Infantry Regiment,

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 11 e 21th PzDiv Generalmajor Karl Bttcher 1.jpg
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    the 21st Panzer Division (C/O Generalmajor Karl Bttcher),

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 11 e 90th light Div Generalmajor Richard Veith 1.jpg
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    the 90th Light Division (C/O Generalmajor Richard Veith) and a tank group from the Italian Armored Division Ariete (see below), got around its right flank near the coast, while the mass of Afrika Korps looped around the left. 23 January the German tanks engaged the 2nd Armored Brigade. Their three regiments came into action separately, were defeated individually and lost more than half their tanks.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 11 f Agedabia 2.jpg
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    The Kampfgruppe Marcks smashed through the 200th Guards Brigade blocking the road to Agedabia.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 11 g captured Crusader 1.jpg
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    24 January at Agedabia the Kampfgruppe Marcks captured 117 British tanks and armored cars, 33 guns and numerous trucks, but only 1000 POWs.
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  14. #193
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 113

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 11 k Generalmajor Gustav von Vaerst 1.jpg
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ID:	2222978
    The southern German arm, the 15th Panzer Division (C/O Generalmajor Gustav Friedrich Julius von Vaerst) burst through the 2nd Armored Brigade to take Msus on 25 January after a short fight. Having German panzers prowling around in the rear was enough to send the 1st Armored Division staggering back.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 11 m captured Valentine1.jpg
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    26 January the DAK captured 123 tanks and AFVs, 56 field and self propelled guns, 13 aircraft and 217 trucks, but again only 233 POWs.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 13 Benghazi 1941.jpg
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    On 29 January the important harbor and town Benghazi fell. Here the Germans and Italians captured a huge stock of petrol and ammunition that the British were preparing for their own offensive, Operation Acrobat, the advance into Tripolitania to eject Axis forces from North Africa, supposed to be the follow-on to Crusader, scheduled for mid February. In the next two weeks Rommel reconquered Cyrenaica.

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    2 February the Germans took Derna, 100 miles west of Tobruk. 3 February 1942 Rommels troops reached Timimi, only 100 km west of Tobruk. The DAK stayed here until 26 May 1942.

    Their advance had been even easier than the first time, perhaps one of the greatest hussar raids, low-intensity fighting of the kampfgruppe variety, without a fully formed division in sight. It had included few battles and generated minimal casualties.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 19 map Rommels counter attack Cyrenaika 3.jpg
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    By 4 February the counter-attack had brought Rommel to Gazala, just east of the Cyrenaican bulge and 35 miles west of Tobruk. The British 8th Armyhad taken up defensive positions along Rommel's old line.
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  15. #194
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 114

    01.04.01.01. Abdeen Palace Incident

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 22 1 Miles Wedderburn Lampson, 1st Baron Killearn 1.jpg
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    In February 1942 the British government, through Sir Miles Wedderburn Lampson, Ambassador to Egypt and High Commissioner of the Sudan, but really the latest version of Britain's colonial viceroys,

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 22 2 King Farouk of Egypt 1.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 0 22 2  King Farouk in Abdeen Palace 1.jpg
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    pressed King Farouk of Egypt to have a Wafd or Wafd-coalition government

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 22 3 Hussein Sirri Pasha 1.jpg
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    replace Hussein Sirri Pasha's government. This reversal of long-standing opposition to the Wafd came from the British belief that the Wafd, the most popular of the Egyptian political parties, would be more effective in gaining public support in Egypt for the British war effort than any of the other parties. It was also hoped that a Wafd government would weaken the influence of the pro-Axis elements around King Farouk.

    Lampson had clashed with Farouq before. Farouq had Italianate tastes and would eventually settle there in exile; he also surrounded himself with a variety of Italian courtiers, aides, and cronies. Efforts to persuade Farouq to intern his Italian nationals were to no avail. There is a nice story that at one point Farouq said to Lampson, whose own wife was Italian, "I'll get rid of my Italians when you get rid of yours."

    Lampson eventually decided to force his choice on Farouk by insisting that he abdicate unless he agreed to ask the

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 22 8 Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha 1.jpg
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    Wafd leader, Mustafa an-Nahhas Pascha, to form a government.

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 22 4 Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos 1.jpg
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    Lampson sought and finally gained the support of Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos in the British cabinet to apply pressure on the Egyptian King.

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    On the night of 4 February 1942, British troops and tanks surrounded Abdeen Palace in Cairo

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 22 6 General Stone in 1943.jpg
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    commanded by Major-General Robert Graham William Hawkins Stone, Head of the British Military Mission to Egypt, and Lampson presented Farouk with an abdication decree

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Name:	01.04. 1 0 22 7 Walter Turner Monckton, 1. Viscount Monckton of Brenchley 1.jpg
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    drafted by Walter Turner Monckton, 1. Viscount Monckton of Brenchley,
    attached to the British Embassy. You will see Monckton again later, drafting the Instrument of Abdication for King Edward VIII. Farouk capitulated to avoid abdication, and Mustafa el-Nahhas formed a government shortly thereafter. However, the humiliation meted out to Farouk and the actions of the Wafd in cooperating with the British and taking power, lost support for both the British and the Wafd among both civilians and the Egyptian military.
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  16. #195
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 115

    01.04.01.02. Gazala Line

    By 4 February 1942 the Axis advance had been halted, a stalemate set in as both sides regrouped, rebuilt and reorganized. The British front line had been stabilised, from Gazala on the coast (48 kilometres (30 mi) west of Tobruk,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 1 Bir Hakeim GB Maj-General Dan Pienaar 1.jpg
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    with 1st South Afr
    ican Division (C/O Maj-General Daniel Hermanus Pienaar) nearest the coast.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 2 Afrika Gazala Line 1.jpg
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    The British Gazala line was a series of defensive boxes accommodating a brigade each, laid out across the desert behind minefields and wire, watched by regular patrols between the boxes.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 2 Afrika Gazala Line Bir Hacheim Box aerial.jpg
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    The Bir Hakeim box was in the Libyan Desert 80 kilometres (50 mi) to the south-west of Gazala and 21 kilometres (13 mi) south of the 150th Infantry Brigade box (C/O Brigadier Cecil William Haydon, reinforced by 30 infantry tanks from 1st Army Tank Brigade) near Sidi Muftah which was 9.7 kilometres (6 mi)

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    south of the 69th Infantry Brigade box (C/O Brigadier Ladas Lewis Hassell).

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    Both Brigades in the center were part of the 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division (C/O Major-General William Havelock Ramsden).

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    Further North still was the "Knightsbridge Box", in the heart of the desert near the junction of the Trig Capuzzo and the track from Acromato Bir Hacheim, held by 201st Guards Brigade.

    01.04.01.03. Opponents

    At the Gazala Line the British outnumbered the Axis troops 2 to 1 in tanks, almost 3 to 1 if you exclude the quite worthless Italian tanks,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 3 f German armored car SdKfz 222.jpg
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    10 to 1 in armored cars and 8 to 5 in artillery.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 3 d 6-pounder anti-tank gun.jpg
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    They had received large numbers of the powerful Ordnance Quick-Firing 6-pounder 7 cwt anti-tank guns.
    KH
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  17. #196
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 116

    01.04.01.03.01. Obtaining Grant Tanks

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 a Bir Hakeim British M3 Grant (left) and Lee (right)  2.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 a Bir Hakeim Grant tank crew loading up with ammunition from a truck, 18 June 1942.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 a Bir Hakeim Grant tanks of 3rd Royal Tank Regiment in the Western Desert, 24 March.jpg
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ID:	2226354Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 a Bir Hakeim Grants and a Stuart of 4th Brit Tank Brig 1.jpg
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    Most important was that by May 1942 President Roosevelt had sent 229 of the new American Medium Tanks M3 Grant,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 b Grants unloaded in a British port 1942.jpg
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    of which 62 were sent to the UK and 167 directly to the Middle East.

    The tanks originally had been earmarked for the 1st and 2nd US Armored Divisions when FDR stepped in and re-directed them to the British. They were directly delivered to the 8th Army into the Western Desert.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Bir Hakeim US technical instructors Egypt spring 1942.jpg
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    With the first Grants to arrive in Egypt came a team of U S Army technical instructors. The tanks had thicker armor and a 75mm gun, gave a boost to morale to the British, as it could out-range the German tanks, and became a profound shock to the Axis.
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  18. #197
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 117

    A British Tank Commission had gone to Washington DC at the end of June 1940.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 1 Michael Dewar 1.jpg
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    It was headed by the Industrialist Michael Bruce Urquhart Dewar (head of British Timken Ltd, with experience in the Great War's Ministry of Munitions),

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 2 Major General Douglas Pratt 1.jpg
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    and Major General Douglas Pratt, Deputy Director of British Ministry of Supply Mission. Pratt had tank experience, as he had commanded the 1st Army Tank Brigade

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 3 Matilda I 1.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 3 Matilda I 2.jpg
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    (with 4th RTR, C/O Lt.Col. James Gerald Fitzmaurice, with 35x Tank, Infantry, Mk I, Matilda I (A11),
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ID:	2226418Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 3 Matilda Mark II tank of 1st Armoured Division, France, 1940.jpg
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    and 7th RTR, C/O Lt.Col. Hector Miles Heyland, with 23 Mk I and 16x Tank, Infantry, Mk II, Matilda (A12)), the only British unit available to face Germany's armored divisions at Arras 21 May 1940.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 4 Colonel Lionel Lennard Hoare 1.jpg
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    Another member was Colonel Lionel Lennard Hoare, Director of Progress & Inspection, Ministry of Supply. The commission had intended to have British tanks produced by American companies under the Cash and Carry Program, like the French had done before, but with the British apparently also soon to be defeated,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 5 Chairman General William Signius Knudsen 1.jpg
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    the National Defence Advisory Committee (Chairman General William Signius Knudsen), refused to allow British designs built. They were just allowed to make some changes to the design.
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  19. #198
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 118

    So in August 1940 the Mechanisation Board tank design expert L.E. Ted Carr joined the commission and designed a new different cast turret which also contained the radio equipment instead of in the hull.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 10 Baldwin Locomotive Works 1.jpg
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ID:	2226450Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 10 new M3 General Lee of Baldwin Locomotive Works 2.jpg
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ID:	2226458
    In October 1940 the British ordered the M3 Lee - Grant at the cost of 240 million Dollars from Baldwin Locomotive Works (95 tanks),

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 11 M3 Grant Tanks for British Army Leave Pullman Standard Plant 1941.jpg
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ID:	2226466Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 17 M3 tanks under construction.jpg
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ID:	2226498Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 17 M3 tanks under construction at the Detroit Arsenal in July 1941.jpg
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ID:	2226490
    Pullman Car Company (500 tanks)

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 12 pressed steel 1.jpg
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ID:	2226474
    and Pressed Steel Company (500 tanks). The turrets were cast by Union (500 Grant turrets), General Steel Casting (1,100 Grant turrets), ASF and Continental with a combined total of 2,752 Lee turrets.

    Pressed Steel built 501 Grant M3 for the British in its Hegewisch, Chicago plant. All Pullman and Pressed Steel M3 production went to UK.

    One of the last contracts, let before British dollar and gold reserves were depleted, came in February 1941.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 16 Lima Locomotive Works of Lima, Ohio 1.jpg
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ID:	2226482
    The Lima Locomotive Works of Lima, Ohio was engaged to produce 400 Grant tanks.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 18 Lend Lease Act was signed 1.jpg
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    11 March 1941 Roosevelt signed the Lend Lease Act into law, as he considered the survival of Great Britain as a matter of vital national defense to the United States, and Lend Lease was a contrivance which permitted supplies to continue to flow to the UK despite its inability to pay for them. The Ordnance Department took over all of the existing British contracts in the US, so that the materiel could be provided and shipped "free" as Lend Lease. Because the new Lima facility would not be ready to come on line until the end of 1941, it was decided to terminate the Grant Contract, and tool up the plant for production of the newly designed cast hull M4A1 Sherman instead. Therefore in August 1941 both Pullman and Preessed Steel again received contracts from the commission to build 500 Grant each.
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    Default

    Are we to be introduced to Colonel Frank B Fellers, US Military Attache in Cairo at some point?

  21. #200
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 119

    01.04.01.03.02. British Tanks at Gazala

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 20 Lend Lease M3 Grant Tank Loaded on Ship at Atlantic Port August 1942.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 Grant 20 Lend Lease march 1942 grant loaded on z-craft to bring it ahore 1.jpg
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    Of the 229 General Grants delivered in May 1942 the 4th Armored Brigade got 167 and used them during the Gazala battle on 27 May 1942. Standard M3s were then sold t
    o Britain

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 j 1 Lees 1942.jpg
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    and were designated General Lee. 250 of these arrived to the 8th Army in June 1942. Together in 1942 1,522 Grants and 900 Lees were sent to the Commonwealth,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 j 2 Sherman M4A1 .jpg
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    along with 4 Sherman M4A1's,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 j 3 Sherman M4A2 .jpg
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    264 Sherman A2's,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 j 5 Sherman M4A4 .jpg
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ID:	2228386Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 j 4 Sherman M4A3 .jpg
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    385 Sherman A3's,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 j 6 Sherman M4A4 1.jpg
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ID:	2228394
    1 Sherman A4

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 4 j 7 Sherman M4A5 .jpg
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    and 129 Canadian Sherman A5's, a total of 3,205 medium tanks.

    At the Gazala Line the British had together 849 tanks in service with another 400 in reserve or in the Nile delta. Excluding the two Army Tank Brigades in the north, the two armored divisions of the 8th Army in the south of the Gazala Line could field 167 Grants, 149 Stuarts and 257 Crusaders. In addition, 1st Armored Brigade was moving up to the front with a further 75 Grants and 70 Stuarts.
    Last edited by kh; 05-15-2017 at 12:12 AM.
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  22. #201
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 120

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 5 a Bir Hakeim 7th armored div Major-General Frank Walter Messervy 1.jpg
Views:	45
Size:	74.9 KB
ID:	2228530
    The 7th Armored Division (C/O Major-General Frank Walter Messervy) had the

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 5 c Bir Hakeim General George Warren Richards1.jpg
Views:	46
Size:	57.0 KB
ID:	2228538
    4th Armored Brigade Group (C/O Brigadier George Warren Richards) with the armored regiments 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars (C/O Lt.Col. Gerald "Smash" Kilkelly),

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 5 e Bir Hakeim LtCol. George Philip Bradley Roberts 1.jpg
Views:	48
Size:	93.8 KB
ID:	2228546
    3rd Royal Tank Regiment (C/O Lt.Col. George Philip Bradley Roberts) and 5th Royal Tank Regiment (C/O Lt.Col. Robie Dennis Woodgate Uniacke)).

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 6 Gazala Grant training 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	90.6 KB
ID:	2228618Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 6 Gazala column of M4 Sherman, M3 Lee, and M3 Stuart tanks in training maneuvers 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	116.3 KB
ID:	2228610Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 6 Gazala Grant training 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	95.8 KB
ID:	2228626
    Each regiment had 24 Grants and

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 6 Bir Hakeim Stuart tanks advancing in the Western Desert, 18 June 1942.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	108.6 KB
ID:	2228554
    20 Light Tank M3 Stuart. The 7th Armored Division was deployed to cover the open flank,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 7 a Bir Hakeim 1st armored div Major General Herbert Lumsden 1.jpg
Views:	47
Size:	42.6 KB
ID:	2228562
    while the 1st Armoured Division (C/O Major General Herbert Lumsden,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 7 b Bir Hakeim Brigadier Raymond Briggs 1.jpg
Views:	47
Size:	64.0 KB
ID:	2228570
    with 2nd Armored Brigade Group (C/O Brigadier Raymond Briggs, with the armored regiments The Queen's Bays, 9th Lancers and 10th Hussars) and 22nd Armored Brigade Group (C/O Brigadier William Greenwood Carr, with the regiments 2nd Royal Gloucestershire Hussars and 3rd and 4th County of London Yeomanry) was some miles further north to support the French at Bir Hakeim.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 8 a Bir Hakeim Crusader II tank in the Western Desert 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	271.7 KB
ID:	2228578
    Each regiment of the 1st Armored Division had 44 A15 Crusader II (Tank, Cruiser, Mk VI) and 12 Grant tanks.
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  23. #202
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 121

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 8 b 1 Lieutenant-General William Henry Ewart Gott XIII Corps 1.jpg
Views:	46
Size:	45.9 KB
ID:	2228674
    In addition there was the XIIIth Corps (C/O Lieutenant-General William Henry Ewart Gott)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 8 b 4 Bir Hakeim Brigadier Watkins of 1 Army Tank Brigade confers with Lieutenant-Col.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	36.0 KB
ID:	2228682
    with the 1st Army Tank Brigade (C/O Brigadier Harry Reginald Bristow Watkins)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 8 b 5 Bir Hakeim Brigadier Arthur Cecil Willison 1.jpg
Views:	42
Size:	64.5 KB
ID:	2228690Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 8 b 5 Bir Hakeim Lieutenant-Colonel Hartnell of 19 Battalion greets Brigadier Williso.jpg
Views:	42
Size:	21.6 KB
ID:	2228698
    and the 32nd Army Tank Brigade (C/O Brigadier Arthur Cecil Willison)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 8 c Bir Hakeim Mathilda II tank 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	249.9 KB
ID:	2228706
    with Crusader II, Tank Infantry Mark II Matilda II,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 8 c Bir Hakeim Mathilda IICS tank 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	128.3 KB
ID:	2228714
    Matilda IICS and

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 8 d Bir Hakeim Valentine tanks training in the Western Desert, 27 March 1942.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	284.7 KB
ID:	2228722
    Tank, Infantry, Mk III, Valentine
    (a Tank Brigade was intended to support the Infantry, and therefore was mostly equipped with slow moving Infantry tanks, unlike an Armored Brigade, which was equipped with faster tanks).
    KH
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  24. #203
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 122

    01.04.01.03.03. Axis Tanks at Gazala

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 a Bir Hakeim Erwin Rommel in his Command Vehicle Sd.Kfz.250-3 GREIF 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	251.1 KB
ID:	2231090Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 a Erwin Rommel and Fritz Bayerlein near Bir Hakeim 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	82.0 KB
ID:	2231098
    On the Axis side Generaloberst Erwin Rommel had available only 560 tanks, of which 228 were Italian Fiat-Ansaldo tanks

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 d 1 Carro Armato Fiat M11-39 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	93.7 KB
ID:	2231106
    (very few carro armato medio M11/39,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 d 1 Carro Armato M 13-40 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	175.2 KB
ID:	2231114
    mostly carro armato medio M13/40 (the most numerous Italian tank)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 d 2 Carro Armato M 14-41 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	297.2 KB
ID:	2231122Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 d 2 Gazala Italian M14-41 medium tank.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	213.3 KB
ID:	2231130
    and carro armato medio M 14/41)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 1 Panzer II in Africa 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	158.9 KB
ID:	2231138
    and 332 German tanks, of which 50 were light Pz II (Sd.Kfz. 121), neither of which would be much use in the coming battle.
    KH
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  25. #204
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 123

    Rommel could count on 282 battle tanks only,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 2 Panzer III in Africa 2.jpg
Views:	36
Size:	55.5 KB
ID:	2231146
    223 Pz III (Sd.Kfz. 141),


    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 3 Panzer III Ausf. M in Africa 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	129.8 KB
ID:	2231154Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 3 Panzer III Ausf. M in Africa 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	133.1 KB
ID:	2231162
    19 Pz III Ausf. J (Sdkfz 141/1)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 4 a Panzer IV F1 Panzer Regiment 5 Africa unloading 1941.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	51.4 KB
ID:	2231170Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 4 a Pz IV Ausf.E’s of the 15th Panzer Division in Tripoli.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	263.6 KB
ID:	2231178
    and 40 short barreled Pz IV Ausf. F1 (Sd.Kfz. 161)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 4 b Panzer IV F2 in Africa.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	155.2 KB
ID:	2231186
    (only in August 1942 Rommel received 27 Pz. IV Ausf. F2, equipped with the long barrel gun). On 20 May he had 65 German and 76 Italian armored cars. There also were 9 command tanks,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 5 a Panzerbefehlswagen I undergoing repair in North Africa 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	274.0 KB
ID:	2231194
    seven Panzerbefehlswagen I (Sd.Kfz. 265)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 5 a Panzerbefehlswagen Panzer III at Gazala.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	155.6 KB
ID:	2231202Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 e 5 a Panzerbefehlswagen Panzer III E.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	53.7 KB
ID:	2231210
    and two Panzer III E Panzerbefehlswagen (Sd.Kfz. 266).
    KH
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  26. #205
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 124

    01.04.01.04. Rommels Command Vehicles

    Rommel did not use such a Panzerbefehlswagen in Africa. When he was not in the middle of a battle or at the front line

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 01 Rommel Command Vehicle Horch and Rommels plane 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	247.2 KB
ID:	2231218Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 01 Rommel Command Vehicle Kfz. 15 Horch 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	108.0 KB
ID:	2231226Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 01 Rommel Command Vehicle Kfz. 15 Horch 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	280.3 KB
ID:	2231234Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 01 Rommel Command Vehicle Kfz. 15 Horch Gazala.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	135.2 KB
ID:	2231242
    he drove in several medium off-road passenger cars Horch 901 (Kfz. 15)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 01 Rommel Command Vehicle Kfz. 21 Horch 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	91.9 KB
ID:	2231250Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 01 Rommel Command Vehicle Kfz. 21 Horch 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	100.7 KB
ID:	2231258
    or from June 1942 a Kfz. 21 Horch,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 02 Rommel Command Vehicle Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Coloniale 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	267.6 KB
ID:	2231266Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 02 Rommel Command Vehicle Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Coloniale 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	91.7 KB
ID:	2231274Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 02 Rommel Command Vehicle Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Coloniale 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	80.3 KB
ID:	2231282
    sometimes also in a gift of the Italians, an Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Coloniale.
    KH
    please help me with my Polish, Hungarian and Romanian MN-datasheet, click here:
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  27. #206
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 125

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 03 Rommel Command Vehicle Italian trailer towed by a Sd.Kfz. 251-6  .jpg
Views:	1
Size:	136.5 KB
ID:	2231290Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 03 Rommel Command Vehicle Italian trailer towed by a Sd.Kfz. 251-6.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	44.2 KB
ID:	2231298
    For staff meetings he first used as operation room an Italian trailer, towed by a halftrack Sd.Kfz. 251/6 (the command version, equipped with map boards, cipher and encoding machines, enigma and a "bedstead" aerial frame)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 04 Rommel Command Vehicle Lancia truck RO 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	180.7 KB
ID:	2231306Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 04 Rommel Command Vehicle Lancia truck RO 4.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	174.3 KB
ID:	2231314
    plus a Lancia 3 Ro Autocarro Pesante Mdle 1939 Rome truck with office body (actually a motor-home), both a gift for him of the Italian H.Q. in Feb. 1941,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 06 Rommel Command Vehicle Italian Fiat 635 bus.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	150.3 KB
ID:	2231330Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 06 Rommel Command Vehicle Italian Fiat 635 bus Rommel,Gause,Westphal and von Mel.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	159.1 KB
ID:	2231322
    and later an Italian Fiat 635 bus.

    When leading an attack Rommel often used a halftrack Sd.Kfz.250/3, the command variant, with radio equipment and a "bedstead" aerial frame,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 11 Rommel halftrack Command Vehicle GREIF 1a.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	298.9 KB
ID:	2231338
    mostly the "Greif" (griffin),

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 12 Rommel halftrack Command Vehicle ADLER 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	201.7 KB
ID:	2231346
    but also the Adler (eagle)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 13 Rommel halftrack Command Vehicle IGEL 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	194.8 KB
ID:	2231354Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 13 Rommel halftrack Command Vehicle IGEL 2.jpg
Views:	36
Size:	121.5 KB
ID:	2231362
    and the Igel (hedgehog).
    KH
    please help me with my Polish, Hungarian and Romanian MN-datasheet, click here:
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  28. #207
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 126

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 14 Rommels AEC Armoured Command Vehicle and Leichter Panzerspahwagen Sd.Kfz.222.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	133.1 KB
ID:	2231370
    He also drove on a Mammut (mammoth).

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 15 Rommel Command Vehicle The Dorchester London 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	62.7 KB
ID:	2231378The Mammut was a British AEC Armoured Command Vehicle, nicknamed Dorchester after the famous hotel by the British. The 2nd Armoured Division headquarters had waited too long for the stragglers of its armoured brigades,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 16 Mammut White 2 captured.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	43.1 KB
ID:	2231386
    and the HQ vehicles were all captured by the German Aufklrungs Abteilung 3 (Recon Battalion 3),

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 22 Oberstleutnant Irnfried Freiherr von Wechmar 1.jpg
Views:	36
Size:	146.8 KB
ID:	2231402Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 23 Oberstleutnant Irnfried Freiherr von Wechmar with his present 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	292.0 KB
ID:	2231410
    C/O Oberstleutnant Irnfried Freiherr von Wechmar,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 21 Italian tanks with Fort Mechili in the background 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	292.4 KB
ID:	2231394
    at Fort Mechili on the outskirts of Mechili 8 April 1941. Among the vehicles captured from the British headquarters group had been three Armored Command Vehicles.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 31 Major-General Michael Denman Gambier-Parry 1.jpg
Views:	35
Size:	87.1 KB
ID:	2231418
    The original owners had been Major-General Michael Denman Gambier-Parry, C/O of 2nd Armored Division,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 32 Lt.-Gen. Sir Phillip Neame 1.jpg
Views:	35
Size:	69.8 KB
ID:	2231426
    Lt.-Gen. Sir Philip Neame, C/O of British and Commonwealth troops in Cyrenaica

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 33 Lt.-Gen. Sir Richard Nugent O'Connor 1.jpg
Views:	35
Size:	84.7 KB
ID:	2231434
    and Lt.-Gen. Sir Richard Nugent O'Connor, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief the British Troops in Egypt. Rommel nicknamed them Mammut (mammoth).
    KH
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  29. #208
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 127

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 40 Rommel AEC Command Vehicles Max and Moritz 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	262.0 KB
ID:	2231442
    Two Mammuts were used by Rommel and his staff.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 41 Rommel AEC Command Vehicle 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	96.9 KB
ID:	2231450Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 53 Generaloberst Rommel on MAX 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	41.9 KB
ID:	2231458Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 53 Rommel AEC Command Vehicle MAX 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	241.9 KB
ID:	2231466
    Rommel used O'Connor's "White 1" with Serial Number L4426425 and named it "Max",

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 55 Generalleutnant Ludwig Crwell 1.jpg
Views:	34
Size:	74.5 KB
ID:	2231474
    Generalleutnant Ludwig Crwell, C/O Deutsches Afrika Korps, used "White 2" with Serial Number L4426422
    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 56 AEC Command Vehicle MORITZ 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	138.1 KB
ID:	2231482
    and named it "Moritz" (later also used by Rommel after Max was damaged),

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 58 Generalmajor Johannes Streich 1.jpg
Views:	35
Size:	126.4 KB
ID:	2231490
    while Generalmajor Johannes Streich, C/O 5th Light Division,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 59 AEC Command Vehicle MAMMUT Streich.1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	132.7 KB
ID:	2231498
    used "White 3" with Serial Number L4426424 and named it Mammut (other references say that the vehicles displayed the numbers 3, 5 and 2 on their sides and backs,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 60 Mammut White 2 2..jpg
Views:	1
Size:	87.8 KB
ID:	2231506
    but in German service I only found photos of #s White 2

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 61 Mammut White 3 1..jpg
Views:	1
Size:	108.4 KB
ID:	2231522Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 61 Mammut White 3 0..jpg
Views:	1
Size:	60.2 KB
ID:	2231514Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 61 Mammut White 3 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	116.1 KB
ID:	2231530
    and
    3.
    KH
    please help me with my Polish, Hungarian and Romanian MN-datasheet, click here:
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  30. #209
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 128

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 61 Mammut White 5.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	65.9 KB
ID:	2231538
    The phote of White 5 is in British Service). After General Crwell was captured near Gazala 29 May 1942 Rommel adopted "Moritz" as his HQ vehicle. "Max" was given to his operations staff,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 62 LtGen. Siegfried Westphal ..jpg
Views:	35
Size:	35.2 KB
ID:	2231546
    Generalleutnant Siegfried Westphal (GSO1 = 1A)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 63 Maj.Gen. Friedrich Wilhelm von Mellenthin..jpg
Views:	35
Size:	26.2 KB
ID:	2231554
    and Generalmajor Friedrich Wilhelm von Mellenthin (GSO3 = 1C).

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 g 65 Max und Moritz..jpg
Views:	1
Size:	76.0 KB
ID:	2231562
    BTW: The names "Max" and "Moritz" are characters in the German children's story Max und Moritz.
    KH
    please help me with my Polish, Hungarian and Romanian MN-datasheet, click here:
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  31. #210
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 129

    01.04.01.05. Operation Venezia

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 h 1 gazala battle map 1 of 25 May 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	198.8 KB
ID:	2233818
    On 26 May, a little more than three weeks before Churchill flew to the Second Wahington Conference, General Rommel re-started the Battle. The speed of the German advance was so swift that at about 08:30 on the morning of 27 May the 15th Panzer Division with its spearhead Panzer Aufklrungs Abteilung 33 (33th Armored Reconnaisance Battalion,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 h 2 Hauptmann Friedrich “Ferry” Arthur August Hermann Heraucourt 1.jpg
Views:	30
Size:	55.0 KB
ID:	2233826
    C/O Hauptmann Friedrich Ferry Arthur August Hermann Heraucourt) overran the 7th Armoured Division HQ,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 j Bir Hakeim GB 7th Motor Brigade 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	65.4 KB
ID:	2233834Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 j Bir Hakeim GB Brigadier Thomas James Bolle Bosvile1.jpg
Views:	31
Size:	37.8 KB
ID:	2233842
    scattered the 7th Motor Brigade (C/O Brigadier Thomas James Bolle Bosvile)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 k Messervy, unshaved, giving orders south-west of Gazala 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	69.4 KB
ID:	2233858
    and captured General Messervy (the Bearded Man, as he did not shave during battle),
    his chief of staff (GSO1),

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 l LtCol. Harold English 'Pete' Pyman 1.jpg
Views:	30
Size:	67.2 KB
ID:	2233866
    Lt.Col. Harold English 'Pete' Pyman,and his brigadier Royal Artillery. Messervy and Pyman managed to escape later, though. The 150th Infantry Brigade was destroyed with ~3,000 POWs, Brigadier Haydon killed.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 m 69th brig gazala escape.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	168.1 KB
ID:	2233874
    The 69th Brigade and the remaining units of 50th Northumbrian Division had to escape by attacking west througth the enemy lines then sweeping back east to the south, but the box of Bir Hakeim, the key to Tobruk and Egypt, held.
    KH
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  32. #211
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 130

    01.04.01.06. Bir Hakeim

    Bir Hakeim (the "old man`s waterhole") is a former oasis at a crossroads, an area of ​​16 square kilometers in the rocky Libyan desert.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 o Bir Hakeim Turk Fort 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	70.4 KB
ID:	2233890
    The Osman Empire built a small fort here. But when in 1942 the French occupied the position, there was no more water or fort there, only two small artificial hills looking like breasts, old rotten empty water tanks, covered by sand, and some ruins of the fort.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 11 o Bir Hakeim Stuka raid on transport .jpg
Views:	1
Size:	62.0 KB
ID:	2233882Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 12 a Bir Hakeim French fortress Bir Hakeim 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	103.1 KB
ID:	2233898Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 12 b Bir Hakeim French fortress Bir Hakeim .jpg
Views:	1
Size:	121.6 KB
ID:	2233906
    In a short time Bir Hakeim became a strongpoint,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 12 d Hakeim dug in truck 1.jpg
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    with dug in vehicles,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 12 e Hakeim dug in gun 1.jpg
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ID:	2233922Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 12 e Hakeim dug in gun 2.jpg
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    machine guns and artillery, shaped as a rough pentagon pointing north, about 4 by 5 kilometres (2.5 mi 3.1 mi),

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 12 g Hakeim minefields 1.jpg
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    surrounded by 50,000 mines
    (some articles say 70,000).
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  33. #212
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 131

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 13 Bir Hakeim GB Lieutenant-General Charles Willoughby Moke Norrie 1.jpg
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ID:	2233978Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 13 Bir Hakeim GB Lieutenant-General Charles Willoughby Moke Norrie, Commander British.jpg
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    Hakeim was manned by a part of XXX Corps (C/O Lieutenant-General Charles Willoughby Moke Norrie),

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 15 Bir Hakeim Legion Etrangere 1.jpg
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ID:	2233994Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 15 French Colonial Artillery who distinguished themselves in the battle at Bir Hakeim.jpg
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    the 1st Free French Brigade

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 16 Bir Hakeim French gnral koenig 1.jpg
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ID:	2234010Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 16 Bir Hakeim French gnral koenig  Bir Hakeim 1.jpg
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    under Gnral de brigade Marie-Pierre Knig,
    the remnants of the French army, Legionaries of Narvik, a naval infantry battalion and colonial battalions formed of Tunisians, Algerians, Moroccans, Madagascar, West Indians, Polynesians and Lebanese.
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  34. #213
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 132

    As a sidenote: Brigadier Knigs driver in Bir Hakeim had accompanied the Foreign Legion to Dahomey and the Congo to finally end up in the Western Desert campaign in North Africa.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 17 Susan Travers 1.jpg
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ID:	2234026Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 17 Susan Travers 2 in North Africa.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 1 17 Susan Travers en la legin francesa.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 1 17 Travers standing in front of the staff car, with Koenig looking out at the top..jpg
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    His driver (and his lover) was a British Lady, Susan Mary Gillian Travers.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 18 a Jock Columns 1.jpg
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    She already had chauffeured Knig when he led the so-called Jock Columns, two- or three-day long reconnaissance missions with small combined arms groups of armoured cars, artillery, and motorised infantry, generally drawn from the 7th Armoured Division

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 18 b Lieutenant Colonel John Charles Jock Campbell 1.jpg
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    and named after Lieutenant Colonel John Charles "Jock" Campbell. Susan Travers refused to leave the area with the other women of the Hadfield-Spears Ambulance Unit,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 18 d Hakeim docteur capitaine Jean VERNIER et des Spearettes 1.jpg
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    the Spearettes of the medical officer capitaine Jean Vernier, and stayed at Bir Hakeim for what was to become one of the most dramatic actions of the Desert War.
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  35. #214
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 133

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 20 gazala battle map 2 of 27 May 1.jpg
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    27 May General Rommel first had ordered

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 21 ariete gazala line 1.jpg
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ID:	2236554Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 21 Bir Hakeim Ariete moving with staff car (see the divisionla mark on the left side .jpg
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ID:	2236562Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 21 Bir Hakeim Ita M13-40 tanks of the VII Battaglione, 32 Reggimento Carri, Ariete Ar.jpg
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    the Italian
    132nd Armoured Division Ariete (132 Divisione corazzata "Ariete",

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 22 Bir Hakeim Ita Ariete Generale Giuseppe De Stefanis 1.jpg
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    C/O Generale di divisione (Lieutenant-General) Giuseppe De Stefanis)

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 22 d XX Corpo Generale Gastone Gambara 1.jpg
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    of XX Motorized Corps (XX. Corpo d'Armata Motorizzato italiano, C/O Generale di Corpo d'Armata Gastone Gambara) to attack the newly arrived 3rd Indian Motor Brigade (C/O Brigadier Anthony Aloysius Emmanuel Filose) of the 7th Armoured Division, dug in some 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) east of Bir Hakeim in a defensive box at Point 171. Ariete Division was held up for about one hour by the 3rd Indians, but then overcame the defenders. The Italians lost 23 tanks, some of which were repairable on the field, 30 men killed and 50 wounded. The defenders lost 440 men killed and wounded and about 1,000 prisoners, including the oldest warrior in Africa, Admiral Walter Cowan.
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  36. #215
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 134

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 23 Admiral Sir Walter Henry Cowan 1.jpg
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ID:	2236602Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 23 Admiral Sir Walter Henry Cowan 1a.jpg
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    Admiral Sir Walter Henry Cowan, 1st Baronet, known as Tich Cowan, was born 11 June 1871 and thus one of the oldest British servicemen on active duty. From 17 February 1915 to 8 July 1917 he had been Captain

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 23 Admiral Sir Walter Henry Cowan 3 HMS Princess Royal.jpg
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ID:	2236618
    of the Lion class battlecruiser HMS Princess Royal, credited with three hits on Ltzow and two on Seydlitz during the Battle of Jutland. It was said that Cowan "was the only Officer in the Grand Fleet that was sorry the war was over". At the beginning of World War II at the age of sixty-eight, he had persuaded the Admiralty, especially his old friend Roger Keyes, then head of the Commandos (you will read more about him below), to employ him for the duration of the war in the lower rank of commander.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 23 Admiral Sir Walter Henry Cowan Commandos.jpg
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    He went to Scotland in 1941 to train the commandos in small boat handling,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 23 Laycock 3.jpg
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    then served as liaison officer with Colonel Robert Edward Laycocks Commandos unit in the eastern Mediterranean during 1941 and then, after Layforce having been disbanded, attached himself to the Indian 18th King Edward VII's Own Cavalry regiment in the Western Desert, where he saw action at Mechili and near Bir Hakeim. There he was captured on 27 May 1942. He became a hero, as he fought an Italian tank crew armed with a revolver only and fired all shots at it. The tank commander resented this gross insult and fired two machine gun bursts at him, but missed, probably purposely, not wanting to kill the old man. Then he decided to deal personally with his impertinence, jumped out of his tank and took him prisoner.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 23 Admiral Sir Walter Henry Cowan 1943.jpg
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ID:	2236626Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 23 Lt. Col. F.W. (Ted) Fynn (C-O No. 2 Commamdo) and Admiral Sir Walter Cowan.jpg
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    Cdr. Cowan was repatriated 1943 and again joined the Cdo forces from 1943-45.
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  37. #216
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 135

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 25 Bir Hakeim Ita Ariete Division tanks 1.jpg
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ID:	2236658Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 25 Bir Hakeim tank attack 1.jpg
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ID:	2236666Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 25 Gazala Italian M41 of the 132 Divisione corazzata Ariete advancing near Rotu.jpg
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ID:	2236674
    Later the same day Ariete was sent to attack Bir Hakeim, which was a costly failure. The French 75 mm guns destroyed 32 Italian tanks, six Italian tanks that managed to enter the inner position were destroyed with incendiary grenades, the Ariete division was reduced to thirty-three tanks in forty-five minutes. Ninety-one Italian soldiers became prisoners,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 26 hakeim Lieutenant Colonel Pasquale Prestisimone 2.jpg
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    including Lt.Col. Pasquale Prestisimone, commander of the 132nd tank regiment, who had led the Italian attack. The French only had two wounded and a truck and a gun destroyed.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 27 gazala battle map 3 of 28 May 1.jpg
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    During the days of 28 May and 29 May Bir Hakeim endured friendly fire, as the Royal Air Force bombed the fortress area, attacking the carcasses of the destroyed and abandoned Italian tanks.
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  38. #217
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    Default

    This is really a great one KH! Where else can we learn of extraordinary characters like Admiral Commander Baronet Cowan? What a life he lead!

  39. #218
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by car99 View Post
    This is really a great one KH! Where else can we learn of extraordinary characters like Admiral Commander Baronet Cowan? What a life he lead!

    Many thanks, car99! There will be several more characters to come, I promise.
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  40. #219
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 136

    On 1 June the first German bomber waves pounded Bir Hakeim. On the night of 1/2 June, the German

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 31 Bir Hakeim GE General Kleemann 90th Light Division speaking to a photographer aboa.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 1 32 Bir Hakeim GE Generalmajor Ulrich Kleemann 1.jpg
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    90th Light Infantry Division (C/O Generalmajor Ulrich Kleemann)

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 41 Bir Hakeim Autoblinda 40 of Trieste Division gazala 2.jpg
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ID:	2239458Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 41 Bir Hakeim Semovente da 75-18 Trieste Division gazala 1.jpg
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ID:	2239466Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 41 Bir Hakeim Trieste Division 1.jpg
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    and the Italian 101st Motorised Division Trieste (101 Divisione motorizzata "Trieste",

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 42 Bir Hakeim Trieste Generale di brigata Arnaldo Azzi 1.jpg
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    C/O Generale di brigata Arnaldo Azzi) were sent south to renew the attack, but the battle continued for another ten days. From 2 June the artillery took over bombardments and over 40,000 shells were fired from both sides. Several surrender demands were sent by Rommel but refused. Water supply became a problem because of the arrival of 620 Indians of the 3rd Indian Motor Brigade, made POWs by the Germans during their offensive, but then left alone in the desert, and the presence of the Italian POWs of Ariete.
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  41. #220
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 137

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 50 Bir Hakeim GB General Claude Auchinlek 1941.jpg
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ID:	2239490
    In the meantime, urged by General Claude John Eyre Auchinlek, Commander-in-Chief Middle East Command,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 51 Bir Hakeim GB Lieutenant-General Neil Methuen Ritchie 1.jpg
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ID:	2239498Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 51 Bir Hakeim GB Lieutenant-General Neil Methuen Ritchie 2.jpg
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ID:	2239506
    the commanding officer of the 8th Army, Lieutenant-General Neil Methuen Ritchie, launched a counter attack along the coast on 5 June, but the attack ran into massive anti-tank fire, causing heavy British losses.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 53 gazala battle map 4 of 8 June 1.jpg
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ID:	2239514
    At Bir Hakeim on 8 June Rommel, reinforced with a further combat group of tanks,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 54 hakeim 8.8 Flak 1.jpg
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ID:	2239522Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 54 hakeim 8.8 Flak 2.jpg
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ID:	2239530Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 54 hakeim 8.8 Flak 3.jpg
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ID:	2239538
    8.8 guns

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 55 hakeim Oberst Hans Hecker 1.jpg
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ID:	2239546
    and the pioneers of Pz.Gr.Pionier-Fhrer (leader of pioneers of the panzer group) Colonel Hans Hecker, attacked Bir Hakeim again on the ground.
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  42. #221
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 138

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 61 bombardment Bir Hakeim 1.jpg
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ID:	2239554
    From the air by constant Luftwaffe attacks,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 62 Stuka Bir Hakeim 1.jpg
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ID:	2239562
    including a raid by 45 Junkers Ju-87 Stukas,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 63 Ju-88 Bir Hakeim 1.jpg
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ID:	2239570
    three Ju-88

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 64 Me-110 Bir Hakeim 1.jpg
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ID:	2239578
    and ten Me-110,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 65 fighter Me-109 Bir Hakeim 1.jpg
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ID:	2239586
    escorted by 54 Me-109 fighters. After more heavy attacks of 40 Stukas and 20 Ju-88s escorted by 50 Me-110s and 109 fighters on 9 June, Rommel overran the defences the following day. General Ritchie ordered the remaining troops to evacuate as best they could, under the cover of darkness. Under fire through the night, many of the French were able to find gaps in the line through which to withdraw. The survivors then made their way some 8 km (5.0 mi) to the west,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 70 Hakeim rendezvous 1.jpg
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ID:	2239594
    to rendezvous with transport from 7th Motor Brigade. About 2,700 troops (including 200 wounded) of the original garrison of 3,703 escaped. About 500 French troops, many of whom were wounded, were captured

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 71 gazala battle map 5 of 12 June 1.jpg
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ID:	2239602
    when the 90th Light Division occupied the position on 11 June.
    Last edited by kh; 05-19-2017 at 12:19 AM.
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  43. #222
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 139

    01.04.01.07. Gazala Battle Ends

    14 June General Auchinlek authorised General Ritchie to withdraw from the Gazala line and the 1st South African and the 50th Northumbrian Divisions were ordered to withdraw along the coastal road back towards Tobruk.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 71 gazala battle map 6.jpg
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ID:	2239610Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 72 South African retreat from Gazala, Western Desert, June 1942 3.jpg
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ID:	2239618
    The South Africans withdrew to series of defensive boxes at Williams Post, Best Post, "Point 187," Commonwealth Keep and then Acroma. 17 June the defensive boxes at El Adem and Sidi Rezegh had to be evacuated and the chance of preventing the encirclement of Tobruk vanished. General Ritchie ordered the Eighth Army to withdraw to the defensive positions at Mersa Matruh, some 100 mi (160 km) east of the frontier, leaving Tobruk to hold out and threaten the Axis lines of communication, in much the same way as in 1941


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Name:	01.04. 1 1 73 captured Grant Gazala 1.jpg
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ID:	2239626Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 73 captured Grant Gazala 2.jpg
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ID:	2239634Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 73 captured Matilda II tank Gazala 2.jpg
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ID:	2239642Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 73 captured Stuart tank 2.jpg
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    At the end of the battle at the Gazala Line the allied forces had lost 1188 tanks, many of them captured, the Axis losses were 400 damaged and destroyed tanks. 15,000 allied soldiers were killed, wounded or captured. The German losses were 3,360 men, the Italian losses are not known, but lesser than the German ones. Churchill had his nightmare with good reasons, as it was obvious that the Germans were to win the upper hand in Africa.
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  44. #223
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 140

    01.04.01.08. Churchills Hope Tobruk

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 a Tobruk aerial 2.jpg
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ID:	2241546Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 a tobruk siege 1.jpg
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ID:	2241554Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 a Tobruk aerial 1.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 a tobruk siege port 1.jpg
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ID:	2241562Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 b 3 Tobruk January 1942 1.jpg
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ID:	2241586Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 b 5 Tobruk January 1942 2.jpg
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ID:	2241594Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 b 2 Tobruk Italian Church 1942.jpg
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    Churchills big hope in Africa was Tobruk. The city of Tobruk had ~2000 inhabitants and was the only deep-water port between Tripoli and Alexandria. The Italians as colonial power built up a fortress there, consisting of a 50 kilometers long belt with dugouts, trenches and gun positions.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 b attack 6th Australian Division 1.jpg
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ID:	2241602Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 b 1 General Iven Giffard Mackay 1.jpg
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ID:	2241570
    During Operation Compass (9 December 1940 9 February 1941) on 21 January 1941 the 6th Australian Division (C/O Major General Iven Giffard Mackay) had captured Tobruk.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 c Senior officers of the 6th Division 1.jpg
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    Senior officers of the 6th Division:
    Front row, left to right: Brigadier Arthur Allen, 16th Infantry Brigade; Major General Iven Mackay; Brigadier Horace Robertson, 19th Infantry Brigade.
    Back row, left to right: Colonel Frank Berryman, GSO1; Brigadier Stanley Savige, 17th Infantry Brigade; Colonel Alan Vasey, AA&QMG.
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  45. #224
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 141

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 e General Vincenzo Della Mura behind Graziani in Tobruk 2.jpg
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ID:	2241666
    The commander of the Italian 61 Divisione fanteria "Sirte" (61st Infantry Division Sirte), Generale di brigata Vincenzo Della Mura, surrendered with several thousand troops.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 g Admiral Vietina, Captain Salventiani and Generale Barberis 1.jpg
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ID:	2241674
    The next day Almirante Massimiliano Vietina (center) with his Chief of Staff Captain Salventiani (4th from left), together with Generale Umberto Barberis, Navy Corps of Engineers, commander of the eastern side of the Tobruk garrison, surrendered the naval garrison.

    In the following the Italian 10th Army was nearly completely destroyed and the Italians driven back 800 km to El Agheila.

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 j1 10th Ita Army General Italo Gariboldi 1.jpg
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ID:	2241682
    When the British had launched Operation Compass, General Italo Gariboldi was in temporary command of the 10th Army

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 j2 10th Ita Army Mario Berti 1.jpg
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ID:	2241690
    because General Mario Berti was on sick leave. Ultimately, Gariboldi was given command of the 10th Army after it was virtually destroyed and Berti's replacement,

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Name:	01.04. 1 1 74 j3 10th Ita Army General Giuseppe Tellera 1.jpg
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ID:	2241698
    General Giuseppe Tellera
    was killed in action. The Italians lost ~130,000 POWs, among them 22 generals, ~400 tanks and 1292 guns.
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  46. #225
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 142

    Then Rommel was sent to Africa to help the Italians. Just about 30,000 Italian soldiers were left. The first German units arrived 11 February, Rommel 16 February 1941. 24 March Rommel launched an attack, captured El Agheila and 10 April already he probed the first time the British defences of Tobruk. Several more attacks failed and so Rommel decided 4 May to besiege the fortress. Tobruk then was manned by soldiers originating from the UK, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Poland, Czechoslovakia and (free) France,

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    first under the command of Major-General Leslie James Morshead, C/O of the 9th Australian Division,

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    and the last two months of Major-General Ronald MacKenzie Scobie. Tobruk had been under siege 242 days from 10 April until it was relieved 27 November 1941. The occupation of Tobruk had deprived the Axis of a supply port closer to the Egypt-Libya border than Benghazi, which is 900 kilometres (560 mi) west of the Egyptian frontier and was within the range of RAF bombers; Tripoli is 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) to the west in Tripolitania.
    The siege also had diverted big elements of the Axis troops from the frontier and the Tobruk garrison had repulsed all attacks. Tobruk's strength as a fortress lay in its fire-power (the extensive use of minefields offset to some extent the weakness in infantry) and in the fact that for an attacker there was no cover around the perimeter, as the area is an almost perfectly flat plateau. With the harbor as the heart of the fortress,

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    the defences built to protect it ran in a rough semicircle across the desert from the coast eight miles east of the harbour to the coast again nine miles west of it. The defences had been hewn from the desert and consisted mainly of dozens of strongpoints. These posts were protected by barbed-wire fences and anti-tank ditches and supplemented by captured Italian weapons.
    KH
    please help me with my Polish, Hungarian and Romanian MN-datasheet, click here:
    http://www.gunboards.com/form.asp

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