#180 Weekend Quiz 4U, 19 August 1942 DIEPPE RAID - Page 3
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Thread: #180 Weekend Quiz 4U, 19 August 1942 DIEPPE RAID

  1. #91
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 22

    01.00.08. Eleanor Roosevelt

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    Plus there was the First Lady, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt. Despite for her affection for Britain the relations between her and Churchill were strained. At one level the problem was personal: she disliked Churchills keeping her husband awake deep into the night

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    (as seen during the Atlantic Conference in Argentia Harbour off Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, from 9 to 12 August 1941), later recalling it always took him several days to catch up sleep after Mr. Churchill left. The other level was political: Eleanor Roosevelt was constantly suspicious of Churchills support for imperialistic policies, viewing Churchill as an old imperialist trying to drag the United States into a war that should restore Britains Empire. She did not like Churchill's adherence to the class society of the 19th century and the colonialism of the British Empire. She worried that Churchills vision of balance of power might divert her husband from her vision of a world founded on a new international organization.

    Eleanor Roosevelt never met Churchill prior to his visit December 1941. Her first introduction to him was when Franklin Roosevelt announced to her one day at the White House that they would be having some guests visit them and she had to do the preparations. One of the sitting rooms on the second floor had to be made into an office for them and arranged so that maps could be hung all the way around the room

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Name:	01.00. 6 f 4 1 Eleanor Roosevelt in the Second Floor Monroe Room, now known as the Treaty Room.jpg
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    and
    so the Monroe Room, a rather formal sitting room on the second floor, was arranged as the guests map room and emptied of most of its furniture. There had to be a tray in this room with a plentiful supply of all the drinkables that were needed.

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    The main guest was installed in the Rose Suite on the second floor of the family quarters. His valet was to sleep in the adjoining dressing room

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Name:	01.00. 6 f 4 15 The Lincoln Bedroom as a study around 1930.jpg
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    and two aides were given the Lincoln Study, across the hall. The President told Eleanor Roosevelt that she could not know who was coming, nor how many, but she must be prepared to have them stay over Christmas, to be included in everything they did, and to have an adequate number of Christmas presents. The President added as an afterthought that she must see to it that they had good champagne and brandy in the house and plenty of whiskey. All this sounded very mysterious to her, but since the United States had just entered the war she was prepared for any amount of secrecy and what seemed to her idiotic restrictions. Packages, no matter who had sent them or where they came from, had to be fluoroscoped before they were delivered to the recipients. Everyone who went into the White House, including her, had to be fingerprinted, and any reluctance to undergo this rather soiling process was completely wiped out. The First Lady was simply told that this was the case and learned, who the visitors were, when they were actually driving to the White House already.
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  2. #92
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 23

    Eleanor Roosevelt was very upset that she was informed so late, but with the help of the Mansion staff (about thirty people during the Roosevelt Administration) and especially the three major staff members she was able solve the problems satisfactorily.

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Name:	01.00. 6 g 4 Alonzo Fields, White House butler.jpg
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    Those were the Butler Alonzo Fields,

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    the housekeeper Henrietta Nesbitt

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Name:	01.00. 6 g 7 Howell Gardner Crim , White House chief usher.jpg
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    and Chief Usher Howell Crim, who had the most important job, as he had to oversee the reception and housing of heads of state or government, diplomats, and other guests of the White House.

    BTW: Roosevelt liked the idea with the map room. In January 1942 already, FDR converted a White House basement cloakroom into a top secret communications center and map room.

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    In this undated photo, military personnel are shown in the White House Map Room.
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  3. #93
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 24

    01.00.09. Churchill and Roosevelt

    Churchill had wanted to depart for America on 11 December already, but Roosevelt did not accept the suggestion of a meeting and had initially rejected the idea of a meeting, but withheld sending this draft message to Churchill. Instead he enlisted the aid of the British Ambassador Lord Halifax, to persuade Churchill to stay at home, worried about Churchills security. In a second draft Roosevelt agreed to a meeting but asked that it be delayed some weeks. In a third draft Roosevelt accepted the meeting, but hesitated to agree to a "grand strategy" meeting. Both drafts were not sent also. In his fourth draft Roosevelt half-hearted endorsed the plan, but the message was sent not earlier than late afternoon on 9 December, and Churchill did not receive his reply until noon on 10 December. Roosevelt followed up with a personal communication the following day.

    Churchills journey was top secret. To keep journeys even more secret Churchill often travelled using the alias Colonel Warden (he was also known as "Naval Person",

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    later changed to "Former Naval Person" in written communication with FDR). Secrecy was not absolute, though.

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Name:	01.00. 8 a Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Raymond Zoller Henle.jpg
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    20 December 1941 Raymond Zoller Henle, capital correspondent for the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

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    and the Toledo Blade, hinted to readers that a meeting of world leaders was in the works and mentioned that Churchill had been absent from Britain's House of Commons for several days.
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  5. #94
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 25

    01.00.10. Churchills Entourage

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Name:	01.00. 8 a William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook 1.jpg
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    On 12 December at 22:30, Churchill accompanied William Maxwell "Max" Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook,

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    to the Euston railway station in London. It was well-known in diplomatic and press circles that Beaverbrook, the Canadian-born minister of supply, was traveling to the United States to confer with Roosevelt -- and Churchill was there to travel with him to HM Naval Base Clyde near Glasgow, Scotland. That was the covery story, and it worked. The men dined aboard the train while the luggage was loaded, then had drinks and talked. The overnight train reached Scotland early the next morning.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 26

    On 13 December at 11:00 Beaverbrook boarded the Royal Navys newest battleship, commissioned just two weeks before,

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    the HMS Duke of York

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    (17, C/O Capt. Cecil Halliday Jepson Harcourt, RN).

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Name:	01.00. 9 04 Captain Harcourt, in command of the DUKE OF YORK, greets Mr Churchill as he arrived .jpg
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    Winston Churchill also boarded the ship,ostensibly to see Beaverbrook off.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 27

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Name:	01.00. 9 04 Captain Harcourt, in command of the DUKE OF YORK, shows Mary and Winston Churchill h.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 9 04 Churchill on deck of HMS DUKE OF YORK Churchill farewell salutes his daughter Mary.jpg
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    Because of many photos it seems that Churchills youngest daughter Mary travelled with him, but she just came aboard to say farewell to her father.

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    Churchill simply remained on board when at 15:00 the battleship began steaming for America.
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    Default

    Great stuff KH, on a side note Congresswoman Jeannette Pickering Rankin was elected to Congress for 2 terms, 1916, and 1940, and has the dubious honor of being the only congress person to vote against going to war both in 1917 (1of 56 to do so) and as previously stated in 1941.
    "The only real power comes out of a long rifle."- Joseph Stalin

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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Miller Tyme View Post
    Great stuff KH, on a side note Congresswoman Jeannette Pickering Rankin was elected to Congress for 2 terms, 1916, and 1940, and has the dubious honor of being the only congress person to vote against going to war both in 1917 (1of 56 to do so) and as previously stated in 1941.
    Great addition, Miller Tyme, many thanks!!!
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 28

    The prime ministers entourage included

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Name:	01.00. 10 b Churchill on deck of HMS DUKE OF YORK with his secretary Mrs Hill.jpg
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    his secretary Mrs. Kathleen Hill,

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    Lord Beaverbrook,

    as principal Service advisers

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Name:	01.00. 10 f 1 Churchill with Admiral Dudley Pound and Marshal Dill on the quarterdeck of HMS DUK.jpg
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    the first sea lord Admiral Alfred Dudley Pickman Rogers Pound,

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    the chief of the air staff Air Marshal Charles Frederick Algernon Portal,

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    Field Marshal John Greer Dill

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    (who had been replaced as chief of the imperial general staff by General Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooketo become head of the British military mission in Washington) and

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    Lieutenant-General Sir Gordon Nevil Macready
    , Assistant Chief of the Imperial General Staff.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 29

    Main British military advisers for the new Joint Staff Mission were

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    Admiral Sir Charles James Colebrooke Little,

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    Lieut. General Sir Henry Colville Barclay Wemyss and

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    Air Marshal Sir Arthur Travers Harris.

    Churchills party also included:

    from the office of the Minister of Defence:

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    Brigadier Sir Leslie Chasemore Hollis (Senior Assistant Secretary in the War Cabinet Office) and

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    Colonel Sir Edward Ian Claud Jacob (Military Assistant Secretary to Winston Churchill's war cabinet),

    from Lord Beaverbrooks Ministry of Supply:

    Mr. H.T. Weeks (Central Economic Planning Staff),
    Mr. Trevor C.L. Westbrook (the Minister's Council responsible for American supplies and airframe production)
    and
    Mr. C.R. Morris,

    from the Admiralty:

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    Captain Charles Edward Lambe, RN (Deputy Director of Plans),

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    Commander Robert Alexander Currie (Plans Division),

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    Captain Ronald Vernon Brockman (Paymaster),

    from the War Office:

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    Brigadier Vivian Dykes (Director of Plans)

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    Photo
    : Combined Chiefs of Staff during a meeting in October 1942, left to right: Cdr. Richard Duke Coleridge, Rear Adm. Wilfrid Rupert Patterson, Field Marshal Dill, Brig. Vivian Dykes, Lt. Gen. ordon Nevil Macready, Air Marshal Douglas Claude Strathern Evill, Lt. Col. Thomas W. Hammond, Jr., Gen. Joseph Taggart McNarney, General Marshall, Brig. John Russell Deane, Admiral William Daniel Leahy, Admiral King and Vice Adm. Frederick Joseph Horne.
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  12. #101
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 30

    from the Air Ministry:

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    Air Commodore Sir William Forster Dickson (Director of Plans),

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    Group Captain Alfred Charles Henry Sharp (Deputy Director of Organisation (Planning)) and
    Mr. Maurice J. Dean (permanent Under-Secretary).

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    Also aboard were Roosevelts Lend-Lease expediter, William Averell Harriman,

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    and Churchills personal physician, Sir Charles McMoran Wilson.

    Together there were 80 military and political advisers sailing with Churchill from Greenock aboard HMS Duke of York on her maiden voyage.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 31

    01.00.11. Churchill`s Journey

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    Churchill occupied the admiral's cabin, while deck officers were bumped down or doubled up to accommodate his party.

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    Staff meetings were held in the officers' wardroom. Initially HMS Duke of York was to have taken the "great circle" route sailing south of Iceland and Greenland and then coming down the Canadian coast to Washington, a distance of 3,431 miles, but as weather forecast was very bad the decision was made to head south through the Irish Sea and then proceed southeast to the Azores, which added 1,200 miles to the trip.

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    So it became a nine day long, stormy and very unpleasant crossing. Winter gales were up to 60 miles per hour, no passenger was allowed to go on deck because of the mountainous waves coming straight up over the bow and crashing down on the deck so severely that many crewmembers had broken arms and legs.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 32

    HMS Duke of York had to reduce speed because of her escorting destroyers,

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    HMS Faulknor (H 62, C/O Capt. Antony Fane de Salis, RN),

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    HMS Foresight (H 68, C/O Cdr. Jocelyn Stuart Cambridge Salter, RN) and

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    HMS Matabele (F 26, C/O Cdr. Arthur Caerlyon Stanford, RN). 17 December 1941 all three destroyers had to be released to refuel

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    at Ponta Delgada, the main harbor of the Portugese Azores.
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  15. #104
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 33

    Also on 17 December, Roosevelt radioed Churchill aboard HMS Duke of York

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Name:	01.00. 22 00 White House North 7 December 1941.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 22 00 White House South Christmas eve Dec. 25, 1941.jpg
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    and invited him to stay at the White House

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Name:	01.00. 22 01 The Prime Minister and Lord Halifax on the steps of the Embassy.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 22 01 The Prime Minister and Lord Halifax with the staffs, on the steps of the Embassy 19.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 22 03 British Embassy Washington 1931 2.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 22 03 British Embassy Washington 1931 3.jpg
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ID:	2150722rather than with the British Ambassador Lord Halifax at the British Embassy in Washington. Churchill enthusiastically agreed.
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  16. #105
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 34

    He only asked for room at the White House for the people whom he was to have constantly around him, his valet Frank Sawyers,

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    his Principal Private Secretary John Miller Martin,

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Name:	01.00. 23 05 Commander Charles Ralfe Thompson  1.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 23 05 Commander  Thompson right, Churchill goes for a walk with dog Fala, Diana Hopkins, .jpg
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    his naval aide-de-camp Lt. Charles Ralfe "Tommy" Thompson and two police security guards,

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Name:	01.00. 23 06 Police Inspector Walter H. Thompson of Special Branch, September 1942.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 23 06 Walter H. Thompson 1.jpg
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    Scotland Yard Inspector Walter Henry Thompson, Churchill's bodyguard from 1921 until 1945

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Name:	01.00. 23 06 z Walter H. Thompson .32 calibre Webley & Scott self-loading pistol.jpg
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    (carrying a .32 calibre Webley & Scott pistol), and Scotland Yard Sergeant Dudigson.
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  17. #106
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 35

    He also asked that his personal physician Sir Charles Wilson, the Third Secretary in the Foreign office Francis David Wynyard Brown (who 1965 became Minister for UK Mission to UN), two stenographers,

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Name:	01.00. 23 07 a CHURCHILL internet photo Patrick Francis Kinna.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 23 07 b CHURCHILL Vladimir Nikolajevich Pavlov 1.jpg
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    one of them Patrick Francis Kinna (the photo of Kinna in the internet is from the Moscow Conference, August 1942, and shows not him but Stalin's personal interpreter Vladimir Nikolajevich Pavlov with Churchill, Harriman, Stalin and Molotov), and his Royal Marine orderlies

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Name:	01.00. 23 08 Mayflower Hotel Washington 1941.jpg
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    be given rooms at the Mayflower Hotel on Connecticut Avenue, midway between the White House and Dupont Circle in Washington.
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  18. #107
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 36

    The same day HMS Duke of York was joined

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Name:	01.00. 25 01 HMS Highlander 1.jpg
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    by the destroyers HMS Highlander (H 44, C/O Cdr. Sidney Boucher, RN),

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    HMS Harvester (H 19, C/O Lt.Cdr. Mark Thornton, RN)

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    and HMS Lightning (G 55, C/O Lt. Douglas Henry Reid Bromley, RN) from Ponta Delgada until 20 December, when the destroyers had to be released for refueling. Then HMS Duke of York proceeded unescorted for a full day at top speed, before on 21 December the protection of her was taken over by

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Name:	01.00. 30 01 USS Bristol (DD-453).jpg
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Name:	01.00. 30 01 USS Bristol (DD-453) Chester Clark Wood.jpg
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    the USN destroyers USS Bristol (DD-453, C/O LCdr. Chester Clark Wood),

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Name:	01.00. 30 02 USS Trippe (DD-403) LCDR Robert Lord Campbell Jr..jpg
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    USS Trippe (DD-403, C/O LCdr. Robert Lord Campbell Jr.)

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Name:	01.00. 30 04 USS Warrington (DD-383).jpg
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Name:	01.00. 30 03 USS Warrington (DD-383) Frank George Fahrion .jpg
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    and USS Warrington (DD-383, C/O Cdr. Frank George Fahrion), who then escorted the battleship to Chesapeake Bay.
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  19. #108
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 37

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Name:	01.00. 31 HMS Duke of York Cdr Cassard 1936.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 31 HMS Duke of York Harriman, Churchill and Capt. Paul Cassard, U.S.N., who came aboard a.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 31 HMS Duke of York Harriman, Churchill and Capt. Paul Cassard, U.S.N., who came aboard a.jpg
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    They had brought Capt. Paul Cassard, USN, who came aboard HMS Duke of York as liaison officer.

    01.00.12. First Days in USA

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Name:	01.00. 32 Washington Navy Yard in 1946.jpg
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    Captain Harcourt had intended to sail the HMS Duke of York up the Potomac River to the Washington Navy Yard, but once more a strong winter storm impeded progress. So the decision was made to head for Hampton Roads, Virginia,

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Name:	01.00. 34 Norfolk Navy Yard mid-1940s.jpg
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    and HMS Duke of York proceeded to Norfolk Navy Yard where Churchill and party disembarked 22 December 1941.
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  20. #109
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 38

    The White House had ordered a special, blacked-out train from the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to carry the British from Norfolk to Washington, but the train would take five hours and give Roosevelt and Churchill no time to speak that night.

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Name:	01.00. 40 05 U.S. Navy Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar R5O-5.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 40 07 Churchill steps out of a British Lodestar 1.jpg
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    So Roosevelt offered to have a US Navy Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar airplane ready for Churchill at the Norfolk Naval Air Station. While most of Churchills entourage took the train, the prime minister and a small group (with him were Thompson, Martin, Sawyer, his two bodyguards and Harriman) boarded for the 45-minute flight to

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Name:	01.00. 40 09 Bolling Field and Anacosta Naval Air Station, mid-1940s.jpg
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    Anacostia Naval Air Station where Roosevelt was waiting, propped up against his car.

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Name:	01.00. 45 01 Al Capone.jpg
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    You can read very often that Roosevelts limousine had been seized from Alphonse Capone by the US Treasury and was used by him, as it had 3,000 pounds of armor and inch-thick bulletproof windows, but this is a fairy tale only.

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Name:	01.00. 45 01 Capones cadillac.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 45 02 Capone's 1928 Cadillac being loaded up and shipped to England 1933.jpg
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ID:	2154002
    Al Capones armored 1928 V8 Cadillac was sold to England in 1933 (where it remained until being sold and shipped to Canada in the late 1950s)

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Name:	01.00. 47 02 car with flags is FDRs cadillac.jpg
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    and does not match the Presidential Cadillac car (here taken in a photo on 8 December 1941, enroute to Congress).
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  21. #110
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 39

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Name:	01.00. 47 05 22 Dec 1941 White House Churchill, Roosevelt, his naval aide Capt Beardell 3.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 47 05 22 Dec 1941 White House Churchill, Roosevelt, his naval aide Capt Beardell.jpg
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    After arriving at the Whithe House at 6:50 Roosevelt and Churchill posed on the South Lawn

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Name:	01.00. 47 07 22 Dec 1941 Conference Table 0.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 47 07 22 Dec 1941 Conference Table 0a.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 47 07 22 Dec 1941 Conference Table 1.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 47 07 22 Dec 1941 Conference Table 2.jpg
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    and then held their first meeting at the conference table.

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Name:	01.00. 47 9 23 Dec 1941 press conference 1 a.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 47 9 23 Dec 1941 press conference 1.jpg
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    One day later in the evening of 23 December they met more than 200 jounalists from around the world in a Joint Press Conference
    PC#794, though normally there couldn't have been a worse time to meet the press. Pearl Harbour was a wreck, Japan supreme in the Pacific, Russia under siege and Singapore and Australia waiting for invasion, but the reporters were impressed: Churchill almost not quite, perhaps, but almost out-roosevelted Mr. Roosevelt in charm, wit, and adroitness. He looked like his picture thickset, head hunched down into his shoulders, a cherubic, pinkish-red face that breaks into an impish smile which belies the strain he must be under. He puffed on a cigar which seemed almost as long as Mr. Roosevelts cigarette and its four-inch holder.
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  22. #111
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 40

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Name:	01.00. 47 11 26 Dec 1941 Congress speech 0.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 47 11 26 Dec 1941 Congress speech 1.jpg
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    26 December 1941 shortly after noon Churchill entered the Senate Chamber to address a joint meeting of Congress. Outside the US Capitol Building, platoons of soldiers and police stood at high alert. When Churchill concluded his 30-minute address, he flashed a "V" for victory sign and departed to thunderous applause. One journalist described this historic address as "full of bubbling humor, biting denunciation of totalitarian enemies, stern courageand hard facts."
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  23. #112
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 41

    01.00.13. Arcadia Conference

    The Arcadia Conference, originally planned for one week only, lasted 24 days and is one of the most important conferences in WW2.

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Name:	01.00. 48 United Nations fight for freedom 1.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 48 United Nations January 2, 1942 in Washington 1.jpg
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    26 governments attended the conference to agree to the Declaration by United Nations, the basis of the modern UN. On 1 January 1942, President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill,

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Name:	01.00. 48 United Nations in Washington 1 January 1942 Maxim Litvinov.jpg
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ID:	2156154
    the Soviet Ambassador Maxim Litvinov

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Name:	01.00. 48 United Nations in Washington 1 January 1942 Soong Tse-ven or Soong Tzu-wen.jpg
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ID:	2156162Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 48 United Nations January 1, 1942 Soong Tse-ven with Chiang Kai Chek.jpg
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ID:	2156170
    and the Chinese diplomat Soong Tse-ven or Soong Tzu-wen signed a short document which later came to be known as the Declaration by United Nations. The next day representatives of twenty-two other nations added their signatures,

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Name:	01.00. 50 02  Joseph Stalin 1.jpg
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    but neither the Soviet dictator Joseph Vissarionovich Jughashvili (Иосиф Виссарионович Джугашвили), better known under his nom de guerre Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (Stalin = steel, Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин)

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Name:	01.00. 50 04 Chiang Kai-shek 1.jpg
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    nor China's strong man Chiang Kai-shek (
    蔣介石 / 蒋介石) were there.

    First of all Arcadia was a meeting on military strategy between Britain and the United States. The conference established the Combined Chiefs of Staff, headquartered in Washington. During the prime minister's stay at the Executive Mansion, there were eight major meetings of the president, prime minister, secretaries of war and navy, the British and American chiefs of staff, and Harry Hopkins. For Churchill the most important result was that the USA and UK reaffirmed that, "notwithstanding the entry of Japan into the War, our view remains that Germany is still the prime enemy and her defeat is the key to victory. Consequently, Roosevelt was eager to deal with Germany right away, and this task required opening a second front.
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  24. #113
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 42

    01.00.14. Christmas 1941

    Churchill did not stay the entire time in Washington. When he was there he stayed in The White House. Although he was welcome, it was much easier for him to deal with the President when the ascetic Eleanor Roosevelt was absent. First he was there from 22 December to 28 December, especially during the Christmas Holidays 1941,

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Name:	01.00. 53 01 christmas 1941, Roosevelt pushing the button that lit the National Christmas Tree 1.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 53 01 christmas evening crowd 1941.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 53 01 christmas tree 1941.jpg
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    helping Roosevelt lightening the National Community Christmas Tree on South grounds from South Portico of The White House

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Name:	01.00. 53 02 christmas 1941 Churchills christmas greeting 01.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 53 03 christmas 1941, churchills christmas greeting 02.jpg
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    and holding a short speech to the nation 24 December 1941.

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 3 Crown Princess Mrtha 1940.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 53 04 4 Crown Prince Olav 1942.jpg
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    After the lighting the President invited Crown Princess Mrtha and her husband, Crown Prince Olav of Norway (whom Roosevelt had brought over from England as a Christmas gift for Mrtha),

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 7 The Red Room in 1940.jpg
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    to the Red Parlor, for tea with Churchill, Beaverbrook, Dr. Wilson and Hopkins. During tea Roosevelt, Churchill,

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 7 x Navy Secretary William Franklin Knox.jpg
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ID:	2159042
    Navy Secretary William Franklin Frank Knox
    , Admiral Pound and Brigadier Hollis spoke about the Pacific and SE Asia theatre.
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  25. #114
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 43

    On "Black Christmas" Day, 25 December 1941, bad news came in.

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 1 Hongkong Governor Sir Mark Aitchison Young 2.jpg
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ID:	2159050
    Sir Mark Aitchison Young, the Governor of Hong Kong,

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 2 Hongkong surrenders 25 Dec 1941 5.jpg
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ID:	2159074
    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 2 Hongkong surrenders 25 Dec 1941 4.jpg
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ID:	2159066Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 2 Hongkong surrenders 25 Dec 1941 2.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 2 Hongkong surrenders 25 Dec 1941 LtGen Sakai and Vice Admiral Niimi on Parade in.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 2 Hongkong surrenders 25 Dec 1941 LtGen Sakai and Vice Admiral Niimi on Parade in.jpg
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ID:	2159090
    surrendered the allied forces of Hongkong
    , the British (2nd Royal Scots), Canadian("Royal Rifles of Canada" and the "Winnipeg Grenadiers"),Indian (5th Battalion, 7th Rajput Regiment and 2nd Battalion, 14th Punjab Regiment) and localforces,

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 5 Hongkong Major-General Christopher Maltby 2.jpg
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ID:	2159098
    commanded by Major-General Christopher Maltby, to the Japanese forces,

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 7 Hongkong Lieutenant General Takashi Sakai 2.jpg
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ID:	2159106
    the 23rd Army under Lieutenant General Takashi Sakai (酒井).10,947 men became prisoners of war, 5,072 British, 1,689 Canadian, 3,829 Indian and 357 others.

    All major ships had been sent to Singapore;

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 10 Hongkong HMS Thracian in 1941 2.jpg
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ID:	2159114
    the destroyer HMS Thracian (D 86, C/O Cdr. (retired) Arthur Luard Pears, RN) was captured
    and later deployed by Imperial Japanese Navy

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 11 Hongkong HMS Thracian as IJN Patrol Boat No. 101 in 1942.jpg
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ID:	2159122
    as patrol boat IJN110.

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 13 Hongkong Taikoo Dockyard 3.jpg
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ID:	2159130
    The Japanese seized Taikoo Dockyard before it could be destroyed and captured the Bangor class minesweepers under construction in the yard, HMS Taitam (completed by the Japanese in 1944 and named W 101) and HMS Waglan (commissioned by the Japanese in 1944 as W 102).
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  26. #115
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 44

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 14 Hongkong HMS REDSTART 3.jpg
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ID:	2159154
    The Minelayer HMS Redstart (M 62, C/O Lt.Cdr. (retired) Henry Charles Sylvester Collingwood Selby, RN),

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 16 Hongkong HMS TERN 3.jpg
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ID:	2159178
    river gunboats HMS Tern (T 64, C/O T/Lt. John Douglas, RNR),

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 14 Hongkong HMS Robin with MTB 27 alongside 3.jpg
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ID:	2159162
    HMS Robin (T 65, C/O Cdr. (retired) Hugh Monthermer Montague, RN)

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 14 Hongkong HMS CICALA 3.jpg
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ID:	2159138Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 14 Hongkong HMS CICALA 3a.jpg
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    and HMS Cicala (T 71, C/O Lt.Cdr. (retired) John Christian Boldero, RN),

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 18 Hongkong HMS BARLIGHT 3.jpg
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ID:	2159186
    boom defense vessel HMS Barlight (Z 57, Chief Skipper Andrew Flett, RNR),

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 19 Hongkong HMS Tamar at Malta, 1882 3.jpg
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ID:	2159194Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 19 Hongkong HMS Tamar The hulk of  the former Troop Ship H.M.S. TAMAR 1941 3.jpg
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ID:	2159202
    the hulk of the former troopship HMS Tamar,

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Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 20 Hongkong HMS Moth 3.jpg
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ID:	2159210Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 16 Hongkong HMS Moth 3.jpg
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ID:	2159170
    gunboat HMS Moth (T 69, C/O Cdr. (emergency) Reginald Charles Ferrers Creer, RAN),

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 22 RFA Ebonol 3.jpg
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ID:	2159218
    fleet oiler RFA Ebonol (C/O Captain J. Sonley, RFA; the Japanese subsequently raised her and she re-entered their service named Eoshima Maru) plus many smaller vessels were scuttled to avoid capture.

    Ex sloop, freighter and then auxiliary patrol vessel (APV) HMS Indira (ex HMS Kildysart, ex SS Embleton, C/O Lt. Desmond E. Hindmarsh, HKRNVR), and

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 04 8 25 Hongkong HMS Cornflower 3.jpg
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ID:	2159226
    Sloop HMS Cornflower (C/O Lt.Cdr. Richard J.D. Vernall, HKRNVR) were sunk by the Japanese.
    Last edited by kh; 04-20-2017 at 03:49 AM.
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  27. #116
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 45

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Name:	01.00. 53 09 Christmas 1941 Foundry Church.jpg
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ID:	2161378
    The day Hong Kong surrendered Churchill attended Christmas Service at Foundry Methodist Church,

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Name:	01.00. 53 10 a Beaverbrook, Mrs. Roosevelt, Churchill, Roosevelt leave the White House Dec 25 19.jpg
Views:	1
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ID:	2161386
    together with Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelts.

    Various dignitaries joined them, including Lord Beaverbrook, Admiral Dudley Pound, General George
    Marshall,

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Name:	01.00. 53 10 d Vice President Henry Agard Wallace 1.jpg
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ID:	2161394
    Vice President Henry Agard Wallace

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Name:	01.00. 53 10 f Admiral Harold Rainsford Stark 1.jpg
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ID:	2161402
    and the Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Harold Rainsford Stark.

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Name:	01.00. 53 12 Beaverbrook, Mrs. Roosevelt, Churchill, Roosevelt and his aide General Edwin Watson.jpg
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ID:	2161410
    On the photos you see on the left of the President Major General Edwin Martin "Pa" Watson, friend and a senior aide to him, serving both as a military advisor and Appointments secretary.

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Name:	01.00. 53 14 Beaverbrook, E Roosevelt, Churchill, Dudley Pound, Roosevelt, aide General Watson M.jpg
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ID:	2161418
    The Ladies on the photo on the left of the President are Mrs. James Roosevelt Roosevelt (FDRs sister in law, born Elizabeth Riley), Mrs. Charles Sumner Hamlin (born Huybertje Lansing Pruyn) and Miss. Mayris Chaney (Mrs. Hershey Martin, a close friend of Eleanor Roosevelt), the child is 10-year-old Diana Hopkins, who lived from 1940-1943 with her father Harry Hopkins

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 15 Louise Macy Hopkins 1.jpg
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ID:	2161426
    and stepmother Louise Macy at the White House.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 46

    Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt both were Episcopalians, not Methodists, and the preferred churches of Franklin Roosevelt were

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Name:	01.00. 53 16 a St. John's Episcopal Church in 1918.jpg
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ID:	2161482
    the historic St. Johns Episcopal Church, from the White House just across Lafayette Square,

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Name:	01.00. 53 16 b St. Thomas' Parish, ca. 1910s.jpg
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ID:	2161490
    and the St. Thomas Episcopal Church at Dupont Circle.

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Name:	01.00. 53 16 c Christ Church Alexandria VA.jpg
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ID:	2161498
    There also was the colonial-era Christ Episcopal Church in Alexandria, where George Washington and Robert Edward Lee regularly worshiped.

    So wi
    thout any proof I am convinced that the church was Eleanor Roosevelts choice to give a personal hint to Churchill.

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Name:	01.00. 53 19 a Henry Foxall Foundry Methodist Church.jpg
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ID:	2161506Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 19 at Foundry Methodist Church.jpg
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ID:	2161514
    The Foundry Methodist Church was a church

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Name:	01.00. 53 20 Henry Foxall 1.jpg
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ID:	2161530
    founded and built by Henry Foxall, an iron supplier with a factory in Georgetown, who during the war between the United States of America and Great Britain (18 June 1812 to 18 February 1815) vowed that he would build a church as a thanksgiving offering

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Name:	01.00. 53 20 Henry Foxall Foundry along the Potomac 1.jpg
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ID:	2161538
    if the British would not destroy his cannon foundry

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Name:	01.00. 53 20 a Major-general Robert Ross 1.jpg
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ID:	2161522
    when on 24 August 1814 a British force of 4250 men, led by Major General Robert Ross, occupied Washington, D.C., for 26 hours.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 47

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 1 Admiral Sir George Cockburn, 10th Baronet 1.jpg
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ID:	2161610
    General Ross and Admiral Sir George Cockburn, 10th Baronet, seeking revenge for the sacking of York (present-day Toronto), issued orders to set fire to many public buildings,

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 2 a War Department Building 1870.jpg
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ID:	2161618
    including the brick home of the United States Department of War Building,

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 2 b U.S.Treasury building (1804) 1.jpg
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ID:	2161626
    the United States Treasury Building,

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 2 damaged Capitol Building 1814.jpg
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ID:	2161642Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 21 2 Capitol Building 1814.jpg
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ID:	2161634
    the still uncompleted Capitol

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 3 White House 1814.jpg
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ID:	2161650Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 21 4 damaged White House 1814.jpg
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ID:	2161658
    and the Presidential Mansion.

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 5 burning of the Washington Navy Yard, 1814, Anacostia River, Washington 3.jpg
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ID:	2161666
    Then theBritish torched what remained of the Washington Navy Yard.

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 5 newspaper National Intelligencer 3.jpg
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ID:	2161674
    They also smashed the presses of the D.C. newspaper National Intelligencer.

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 5 Tripolis Monument 2.jpg
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ID:	2161682Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 21 5 USS Enterprise engaged and defeated the Tripolitan corsair Tripoli on August 1, 1.jpg
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ID:	2161690
    Cockburn disliked and desecrated a monument dedicated to veterans of the First Barbary War
    (18011805) at the entrance of the Washington Navy Yard. Lastly, the British headed to an arsenal two miles south of the Capitol to destroy it with the gunpowder there, but an accidental explosion killed and injured many British soldiers. That evening the British withdrew from the city, retracing their steps to the fleet at Benedict.
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  30. #119
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 48

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 6 a President James Madison.jpg
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ID:	2161698
    President James Madison, military officials, and his government had fled the city

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 6 b Battle of Bladensburg 2.jpg
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ID:	2161714Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 21 6 b Battle of Bladensburg 1.jpg
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ID:	2161706
    in the wake of the British victory at the Battle of Bladensburg, "the greatest disgrace ever dealt to American
    arms".

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 6 b Brigadier-General William H. Winder.jpg
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ID:	2161722
    Brigadier-General William Henry Winder, U.S. Army, had been the American commander during the Battle. Rumor is that Madison lugged a safe that carried the entire U.S. Treasury during the entire journey.

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 6 b President James Madison Brookeville.jpg
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ID:	2161730
    The President and his entourage eventually found refuge for the night in Brookeville, a small town in Montgomery County, Maryland, which is known today as the "United States Capital for a Day." They spent the night in the house of Caleb Bentley, a Quaker, silversmith, shopkeeper and first postmaster who lived and worked in Brookeville (Bentleys wife, Marie Henrietta Thomas, was a close friend of Dolley Madison).

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 6 d Baltimore’s Fort McHenry bombardment 1814.jpg
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ID:	2161738Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 21 6 d Baltimore’s Fort McHenry bombardment Major George Armistead,.jpg
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ID:	2161746
    The next morning, President Madison learned that the British had moved on to Baltimores Fort McHenry (C/O Major George Armistead), and so he thanked his hosts for the lodging and returned to the smoldering Washington

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 7 a Dolley Payne Todd Madison.jpg
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ID:	2161754
    President Madisons wife, Dolley Payne Todd Madison had not accompanied him. Her friends and acquaintances were all gone. The army colonel and his 100-man guard had also fled. As the British army neared Washington, Dolley Madison had packed a wagon with the red silk velvet draperies of the Oval Room, the silver service and the blue and gold Lowestoft china she had purchased for the state dining room.

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 7 b Dolley Payne Todd Madison rescues the portrait of George Washington.jpg
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ID:	2161762
    Dolley Madison ordered that White House staff save the famous Gilbert Stuart painting of George Washington from the British.

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Name:	01.00. 53 21 7 b Dolley Payne Todd Madison saves Declaration of Independence 3.jpg
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Size:	127.0 KB
ID:	2161770
    When leaving the House she spotted a copy of the Declaration of Independence in a display case and put it into one of her suitcases. Then she was driven away crossing the Potomac to Virginia, to take refuge

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 21 7 c Charles Carroll of Bellevue.jpg
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ID:	2161778
    at the comfortable family mansion of Major Charles Carroll, Belle Vue, in nearby Georgetown. A few days later, she returned to the city, where she continued to host parties, maintaining the social vitality of the badly damaged capital.

    The occupation of Washington has since been embodied in a legend which proclaims that the White House only obtained that name after its torching by the British,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 21 7 e repaired White House 1817.jpg
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ID:	2161786
    when portions of the residence were rebuilt and the smoke-stained gray stone walls were painted white (over the original gray) to cover the obvious burn marks. That is also the reason why the story goes that the British were responsible for the name White House. The legend does not correspond to historical fact, however. The President's House had been given a coat of whitewash as early as 1798 in order to protect its locally-quarried sandstone against the deterioriation caused by winter freezes, and from then on white paint was used for the exterior. The name White House, however, was not used officially until President Theodore Roosevelt had it engraved on his stationery in 1901. Prior to that, the building was known variously as the President's Palace, the President's House and the Executive Mansion.
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  31. #120
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    Default

    I learn more history, even American history, following KH's rabbit trails than I ever did in public school. Great Job KH, keep posting, I'm really looking forward to what comes next!

  32. #121
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Montana Bearbait View Post
    I learn more history, even American history, following KH's rabbit trails than I ever did in public school. Great Job KH, keep posting, I'm really looking forward to what comes next!
    Rabbit trails is very nice, but true, especially for this quiz!! Thank you for your kind words, Montana Bearbait!
    KH
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  33. #122
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 49

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Name:	01.00. 53 24 christmas menu  25 Dec 1941.jpg
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ID:	2165554Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 32 dinner Dec 1941.jpg
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ID:	2165578Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 25 Christmas 1941.jpg
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ID:	2165562
    1941 the Christmas dinner became a State Dinner with 60 guests. For the first time in years not a single Roosevelt child was home,

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Name:	01.00. 53 28 Roosevelt family 1934.jpg
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ID:	2165570
    the Roosevelts four sons, James, Elliott, Franklin Delano Jr. and John Aspinwall, were already in the service and their daughter Anna Eleanor was in Seattle. The Roosevelts were joined at their holiday table by Churchill and his party, Crown Prince Olav and Crown Princess Mrtha of Norway with their party,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 53 32 Lady and Lord Halifax 1941.jpg
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ID:	2165586
    the British ambassador and his wife Lord and Lady Halifax and other British officials.

    Another Christmas Day episode is the first cake story of this article (a second will follow later). A lunch party was given by General Marshall,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 54 1 Fort Myer Arlington 1941.jpg
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ID:	2165594Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 54 1 Fort Myer Arlington map.jpg
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ID:	2165602
    a little formal dining at Fort Myer in Arlington (Quarters One on Fort Myer, originally built as the garrison commander's quarters, has been the home of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army since 1908) to entertain some of the ranking British contingent, Lord Beaverbrook, Admiral Pound, Air Marshal Portal and Field Marshal Dill.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 54 2 Gen. George C. Marshall and Mrs. Marshall use the Fort Myer Quarters One garden for .jpg
Views:	4
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ID:	2165618Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 54 2 Gen. George C. Marshall and Mrs. Marshall use the Fort Myer Quarters One garden 1941.jpg
Views:	4
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ID:	2165610Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 54 3 George C. Marshall and Sir Dudley Pound.jpg
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ID:	2165626
    Katherine Marshall discovered belatedly, as guests were gathering already, that 25 December also was the 60th birthday of Sir John Dill.

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Name:	01.00. 54 5 Sgt POWDER.jpg
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ID:	2165634
    She sent Sergeant James Walter Powder, her husbands, chauffeur, personal orderly and junior aide, a paragon of efficiency, to find a cake and candles. Despite Christmas closings he returned with both and also with miniature British and American flags as decoration. When Dill removed them to insert the knife, he discovered that they were made in Japan, which occasioned much laughter.
    Last edited by kh; 04-22-2017 at 08:33 AM.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 50

    01.00.15. Churchill Visits Canada

    As being in North America Churchill also wanted to visit Canada. "I feel I ought to go to Canada while I am over this side, but I do not quite know when or how I shall come back. I shall certainly stay long enough to do all that has to be done, having come all this way that so much trouble and expense." Churchill accepted Roosevelts offer to hire the Presidents railcar, provided by the Pullman Company. The car was part of a fleet of six luxury cars, built by the Pullman Company in 1928, a Pullman club car with a ramp, a 10-1-2 Pullman sleeper, two 6-3 Pullman sleepers, a dining car and a private car, all named for famous explorers

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 2 1 Pullman Ferdinand Magellan.jpg
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ID:	2165642
    (Ferdinand Magellan,

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Name:	01.00. 55 2 2 Pullman David Livingstone.jpg
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ID:	2165650
    David Livingstone,

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Name:	01.00. 55 2 3 Pullman Henry Stanley.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2165658
    Henry Stanley,

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Name:	01.00. 55 2 4 Pullman Marco Polo.jpg
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ID:	2165666
    Marco Polo,

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Name:	01.00. 55 2 5 Pullman Robert Edwin Peary.jpg
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ID:	2165674
    Robert Peary

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Name:	01.00. 55 2 6 Pullman Roald Amundsen.jpg
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ID:	2165682
    and Roald Amundsen) and available for private charter. Until late 1942, the President of the United States rode in a standard private Pullman car when he travelled by train. He did not use a specific car,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 2 Pullman Railcar Roald Amundsen.jpg
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ID:	2165690Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 3 Presidential Train, FDR Speaking at Train Stop in Griffin, Georgia, 1938.jpg
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ID:	2165698Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 4 in Pullman Roald Amundsen Roosevelt and former Vice President John Nance Garner ca 1.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2165706
    although the Roald Amundsen was frequently assigned to him.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 51

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Name:	01.00. 55 5 Pullman Michael Reilly.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2165714Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 5 Pullman President Franklin D Roosevelt Secret Service Michael Reilly.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2165722Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 5 Pullman President Franklin D Roosevelt Secret Service- SAIC Mike Reilly.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2165730
    In 1941 only President Roosevelt had consented to the urging of his Secret Service bodyguard Michael Francis Reilly

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Name:	01.00. 55 7 Pullman Stephen Tyree Early 1.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2165738Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 7 Pullman Stephen Tyree Early 2.jpg
Views:	3
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ID:	2165746
    and Stephen Tyree Early, one of the three White House Secretaries, responsible for press relations and later from 1945 Vice President of Pullman, Inc. (!), to have a private railcar reconfigured for his safety and comfort and that of future presidents.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 11 Ottawa Ferdinand Magellan car.jpg
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ID:	2165754Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 12 Ottawa Ferdinand Magellan car inside.jpg
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ID:	2165762
    But in 1941 the re-construction of the railcar Ferdinand Magellan, chosen for this purpose, to an all above-ground bunker on tracks, was just a plan. Roosevelt still used the original railcar, containing a presidential suite, two guest rooms a dining and conference room and an observation lounge. The other cars comfortably accommodated plenty of security guards and news reporters.
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  36. #125
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by kh View Post
    Rabbit trails is very nice, but true, especially for this quiz!! Thank you for your kind words, Montana Bearbait!
    Bitte Schon! (My son is learning German, it a slow difficult process but he is determined, oops if we didn't get "you are welcome" correct.)

  37. #126
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Montana Bearbait View Post
    Bitte Schon! (My son is learning German, it a slow difficult process but he is determined, oops if we didn't get "you are welcome" correct.)
    Quite good !!! German is much more difficult than English.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 52

    Churchill travelled on 28 December,

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Name:	01.00. 55 13 3 Inspector Thompson, Churchill and Cdr Thompson arrive outside the Canadian Houses.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2169146
    was welcomed in Ottawa

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Name:	01.00. 55 13 4 Mr Churchill accompanied by Mackenzie King arriving at Government House, Ottawa 1.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2169154
    by Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King

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Name:	01.00. 55 13 3 An escort of Canadian Mounted Police specially selected for Mr Churchill's visit .jpg
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ID:	2169138
    and guarded by the Canadian Mounted Police,

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Name:	01.00. 55 13 5 Ottawa.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2169162Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 13 7 Winston Churchill leaves the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa with Prime Minister W.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2169170
    addressed the Canadian House of Commons on 30 December and returned to Washington on New Years Day 1942.

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Name:	01.00. 55 14 9 b 1 JANUARY 1942 prayer service ending at Christ Church.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2169218
    The same day he attended Services at Christ Church, Alexandria, VA, accompanied by the Roosevelts, Lord and Lady Halifax, Mrs. Huybertje Hamlin,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 14 3 Malvina Thompson center.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2169178
    Miss Malvina Thompson (Eleanor Roosevelt's assistant and secretary),

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Name:	01.00. 55 14 5 Joseph P. Lash 1.jpg
Views:	2
Size:	95.4 KB
ID:	2169186
    Mr. Joseph P. Lash (a close friend of Eleanor Roosevelt), Diana Hopkins, Cdr. Thompson, General Watson

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 14 7 Captain Beardall 1.jpg
Views:	2
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ID:	2169194
    and Roosevelts naval aide Captain John Reginald Beardall.

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Name:	01.00. 55 14 9 b 1 JANUARY 1942 Mount Vernon Roosevelt and Churchill wreath tomb.jpg
Views:	2
Size:	107.1 KB
ID:	2169210Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 14 9 a 1 JANUARY 1942 Mount Vernon Washingtons Mausoleum 2.jpg
Views:	2
Size:	110.5 KB
ID:	2169202
    Then the party drove to Mount Vernon in Virginia. After placing a wreath at George Washington's tomb in the mausoleum containing the tombs of George Washington and his wife Martha,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 55 14 9 c 1 JANUARY 1942 Mount Vernon Washingtons Mansion.jpg
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    the group went to the mansion where both Churchill and Roosevelt signed the guest book.


    Churchill then again stayed at the White House 1-5 January 1942.
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  39. #128
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 53

    01.00.16. Churchill in Florida

    On 5 January 1942 he flew from Washington to Florida for a brief 5 days rest. It seems some health problems with angina pectoris were the reason, but Churchills secretary John Martin remembered the main reason for the visit to Florida was to provide a break for President exhausted by Churchill's late nights and talk. Churchills airplane was provided by General Marshall. It seems that General Marshall made a unique plane available,

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Name:	01.00. 55 20 3 General Henry Harley „Hap“ Arnold 1.jpg
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    the one he and the Chief of Staff of the Army Air Corps General Henry Harley Hap Arnold used,

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Name:	01.00. 55 20 5 C-41 VIP plane 1.jpg
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    the only Douglas C-41, with Marshalls pilot, Major L.R. Parker. The reason was that on Churchills demand Roosevelt sent Marshall to accompany him for a day or two. Churchill wanted to press Marshall to Operation Gymnast (later Torch) and to win him over to his own point of view. One favorite method of Churchill to do that was to isolate the person and then bring in the full force of his personality and intellect. Churchill correctly considered Marshall as the key to hammering out a lasting collaborative partnership.

    Also accompanying him were his physician Sir Charles Wilson, his secretary John Martin, bodyguard Walter Thompson and aide-de-camp Charles Thompson. They landed at West Palm Beach airport and then drove on to Pompano Beach,

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Name:	01.00. 55 20 13 Churchill 1942 Florida US Secretary of State Edward Reilly Stettinius.jpg
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    where they stayed in a private bungalow on Hillsboro Beach provided by the administrator of the Lend-lease Program and later US Secretary of State Edward Reilly Stettinius. The Stettinius Villa was located across the Intracoastal Waterway, on the ocean side. Churchill relaxed, swam in the warm Atlantic and did a little less politics, but at least one, one day even two couriers flew down to Pompano and back to Washington each day

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Name:	01.00. 55 20 15 Churchill 1942 Florida letter 2.jpg
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    with a constant stream of correspondence. The Prime Minister and his aids were closely guarded by the Secret Service during the trip. Some articles say that Roosevelt and other officials were in Florida also, but this is not true.

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Name:	01.00. 56 5 1 Springwood House in Hyde Park, NY southern end.jpg
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    Franklin Roosevelt stayed in his house Springwood in Hyde Park, NY, and returned to Washington 11 January in the morning.

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Name:	01.00. 56 7 Seaboard Air Line Railway Fort Lauderdale station in 1927.jpg
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    Churchill returned to Washington by train from Fort Lauderdale, arrived at noon 11 January

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Name:	01.00. 56 8 Union Station Washington 1.jpg
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    at Union Station, Washington and stayed in The White House until after the conference 15 January 1942 (some authors write that Churchill left 14 January already, but the White House Usher's Diary mentions him still as houseguest this day).
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  40. #129
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 54

    01.00.17. Flight to Bermuda

    From 22 December 1941 the battleship had waited at Norfolk, to re-embark the Prime Minster after the conference, which was scheduled to last a week, but then the ship left Chesapeake Bay 3 January 1942 to wait for Churchill in the British colony of Bermuda. Churchill decided to fly to Bermuda. For the 4 hrs flight he ordered one of the three British Boeing 314As, given to the British Overseas Airways Company (BOAC) under Lend-Lease,

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Name:	01.00. 65 1 BOAC Clipper Berwick1.jpg
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    the flying boat "Berwick", G-AGCA, flown by BOAC personnel under military orders.
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  41. #130
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 55

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 65 6 clipper Berwick 3 Churchills crew.jpg
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    The crew consisted of

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Name:	01.00. 65 2 Flight Cpt. John Cecil Kelly-Rodgers.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 65 2 Flight Cpt. John Cecil Kelly-Rogers 11.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 65 2 Flight Cpt. John Cecil Kelly-Rogers 12.jpg
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    Flight Cpt. John Cecil Kelly-Rogers
    at the controls

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Name:	01.00. 65 3 Captain J.S. Joe Shakespeare 13.jpg
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    and the co-pilots Captain J.S. Joe Shakespeare

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Name:	01.00. 65 4 Captain A.C. Tony Loraine 12.jpg
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    and Captain A.C. Tony Loraine.

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Name:	01.00. 65 5 Flight officer Ron G. Buck.jpg
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    Navigator was Flight Officer Ronald Ron George Buck.

    Berwick was in Baltimore Municipal Airport for a routine service, as the BOAC used a part of it,
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Name:	01.00. 65 12 JANUARY 1942 Baltimore’s Harbor Field Seaplane Terminal.jpg
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    Baltimores Harbor Field Seaplane Terminal, as its main U.S. Operating base for its "flying boat" service during WW2. Captain Kelly-Rogers was summoned to Washington, where he received orders to captain an important flight to Bermuda.
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  42. #131
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 56

    15 January 1942 Winston Churchill departed from the White House. Eleanor Roosevelt immediately insisted that Churchill never again should sleep there, as this would be ruinous to her husbands health and she was sick and tired of him wandering about upstairs with his pyjamas on, more or less. She had found the prime minister wandering towards the familys private quarters at 3 a.m., trademark cigar in hand, to rouse the sleeping president for more conversation. However, he met Eleanor Roosevelt first, who firmly persuaded him to wait until breakfast.

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Name:	01.00. 66 1 Blair House 1930 - 45.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 66 1 Blair House front door opening on the entrance hall as it looked to the first offici.jpg
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    In future visits she always arranged to put him up in Blair House, located across from the White House on Pennsylvania Avenue.

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Name:	01.00. 66 1 State Capitol Manuel Carlos Prado y Ugarteche visits Washington 1942.jpg
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    The State Department first had agreed to rent Blair House for an official visit by President Manuel Carlos Prado y Ugarteche of Peru and his staff in April 1942. In fall 1942 the President approved to purchase the house - which included the Blair familys furniture, china and silver and at his urging the United States Government purchased Blair House for the final price of $150,000, with $33,000 of that amount covering the furnishings and Americana collections that interested President Roosevelt. From then the Presidents official Guest House was in business.
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  43. #132
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 57

    Most articles tell us that Churchill boarded his plane in Norfolk, VA, but I disagree. First, Baltimore was the BOAC airport and much nearer to Washington than Norfolk. Second, the plane was already in Baltimore. Why should it fly to Norfolk first? Third, Churchill was driven by car to the airport in winter time on slippery roads. The shorter distance to the airport would have been the first choice. So I think he was brought to Baltimore Airport. Here he arrived as last of his group and a little late and boarded the Berwick.

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Name:	01.00. 70 Curtiss P-40 Warhawk 1.jpg
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    The plane was escorted by U.S. Army Air Corps fighters Curtiss P-40 Warhawk and followed by two Pan Am Clippers close behind with the remainder of the British contingent.

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Name:	01.00. 82 navigation room and cockpit of a 314 1.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 83 Churchill in the cockpit of the Berwick2a.jpg
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    Soon after the flight departed for Bermuda, the Prime Minister entered the "Berwick's" cockpit smoking his trademark cigar. Captain Kelly-Rogers waived the rules and let him continue, even allowing him to strike a match when it went out.

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Name:	01.00. 84 Churchill at controls of the Boeing 314a Clipper with Cpt John Kelly-Rodgers flying bo.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 84 Churchill at controls of the Boeing 314a Clipper with Cpt John Kelly-Rodgers flying bo.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 84 Churchill at controls of the Boeing 314a Clipper with Cpt John Kelly-Rodgers flying bo.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 84 Churchill at controls of the Boeing 314a Clipper with Cpt John Kelly-Rodgers flying bo.jpg
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    For about 20 minutes Churchill tried the controls of the huge plane and Kelly-Rogers ordered whispering co-pilot Joe Shakespeare, who was on watch at the time, to apply corrections only if it looked as if the plane was getting out of the Prime Minister's control. Churchill was allowed to do a couple of slightly banked turns, and was photographed by Flight Officer Buck, who was detailed to photograph the journey.
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  44. #133
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 58

    01.00.18. Flight to UK

    The Prime Minister asked the captain if it was possible to fly with the aircraft from Bermuda to England, and when this was confirmed, he spontaneously decided not to use the battleship, but to fly home from Bermuda. After landing in the Great Sound,

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Name:	01.00. 85 Bermuda Airport.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 85 Bermuda RAF Darrells Island 1.jpg
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    the Berwick moored at Darrells Island, the main flying boat station in Bermuda.

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Name:	01.00. 85 Bermuda RAF Darrells Island Clipper Berwick after landing1.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 85 Lord Knollys 1 on HMS Bermuda.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 85 Lord Knollys 2.jpg
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    Churchill was met on arrival by Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Bermuda Edward George William Tyrwhitt Knollys, 2nd Viscount Knollys,and taken to Hamilton aboard a Royal Air Force launch.
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  45. #134
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 59

    17 January 1942 heavy baggage and the members of Churchills party who were unable to travel on the aircraft sailed home on HMS Duke of York, first escorted by the destroyers

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Name:	01.00. 85 x 1 USS Lang 3.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 85 x 1 USS Lang Lt.Cdr. Erskine Austin Seay 3.jpg
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    USS Lang (DD-399, C/O Lt.Cdr. Erskine Austin Seay),

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Name:	01.00. 85 x 2 USS Edison 3.jpg
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    USS Edison (DD-439, C/O Lt.Cdr. Albert Christian Murdaugh)

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Name:	01.00. 85 x 3 USS NICHOLSON 3.jpg
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    and USS Nicholson (DD-442, C/O Cdr. John Stuart Keating),

    from 21 January again by the British destroyers HMS Harvester, HMS Highlander and HMS Lightning

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Name:	01.00. 85 x 7 HMS Badsworth 3.jpg
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    and finally also by HMS Badsworth (L 03, C/O Lt.Cdr. Michael Southcote Townsend, RN),

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Name:	01.00. 85 x 8 HMS Lamerton 3.jpg
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    HMS Lamerton (L 88, C/O Lt.Cdr. Hugh Crofton Simms, RN)

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Name:	01.00. 85 x 9 HMS Wivern 3.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 85 x 9 HMS Wivern Lt.Cdr. Michael Donston Capel Meyrick, RN3.jpg
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    and HMS Wivern (D 66, C/O Lt.Cdr. Michael Donston Capel Meyrick, RN), and returned in the Clyde 25 January.
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  46. #135
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 60

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Name:	01.00. 86 Dinner 1 Churchill on the plane 1.jpg
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ID:	2175674Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.00. 86 Dinner 5 Air Chief Marshall Sir Charles Portal 1.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 86 Dinner 4 Sir Charles Wilson and Air Chief Marshall Sir Charles Portal 1.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 86 Dinner 3 Pound and Beaverbrock 1.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 86 Dinner 2 Churchill Pound and Beaverbrock 1.jpg
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    16 January 1942 already Churchill together with his physician Sir Charles Wilson, his valet Sawyers, his guards, Brown, Martin, Thompson, Lord Beaverbrook, Admiral Sir Dudley Pound and Air Chief Marshall Sir Charles Portal embarked the Berwick on what was to become a comfortable

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Name:	01.00. 86 BOAC Clipper Berwick menu 1.jpg
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    (Churchill enjoyed good food and had a good broad bed

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Name:	01.00. 87 Boeing 314A.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 87 Boeing 314.jpg
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    in the deluxe compartment at the stern with large windows on either side) but perilous 18 hours flight. The plane lacked a pressurized cabin and because of the passengers and Churchills health had to fly at maximum 10000 feet, there was no fighter escort,

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Name:	01.00. 88 Cartoon Clipper Berwick Churchills flight 3.jpg
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    and the plane was within range of Luftwaffe attack fighters the last two hours of the trip. Probably to make a good story even better, Churchill later recorded: "Six Hurricanes from Fighter Command were ordered to shoot us down... but failed in their mission." In fact Captain Kelly piloted the BOAC ship through the balloon barrage

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Name:	01.00. 88  aerial view of RAF Mountbatten in Plymouth Sound, Devon.jpg
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Name:	01.00. 88 Mountbatten during the war 1.jpg
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    and the Berwick uneventfully touched down at RAF Mountbatten flying boat base on Mount Batten peninsula in Plymouth Sound at 10:00 AM in the morning of 17 January 1942.


    Churchill was the first head of government to make a transatlantic crossing by plane, but this was not the only transatlantic flight of a high ranking politician in 1942.
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