#180 Weekend Quiz 4U, 19 August 1942 DIEPPE RAID - Page 7
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Thread: #180 Weekend Quiz 4U, 19 August 1942 DIEPPE RAID

  1. #271
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 188

    As expected the Japanese planes attacked Colombo Harbor. As Admiral Somerville had resolved to take the fleet to sea to meet the threat, the harbor was nearly empty of vessels, as also all possible merchant ships had been ordered to proceed to anchor outside the harbour in the Examination Anchorage, and later to proceed to sea to the westward keeping north of a line 250 degrees from Colombo and to return to Colombo in groups of four, first group, to arrive at 07:45, 5 April.

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    Escort was provided by the sloops HMS Shoreham (L 32, C/O Lt.Cdr. Eric Hewitt, RNR),

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    corvette HMS Marguerite (K 54, C/O Lt. Arthur Norman Blundell, RNR)

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    and sloop HMIS Clive (L 79, Lt.Cdr. (emergency) Richard Robert Caws, RIN).
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  2. #272
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 189

    Remaining in the harbor were only 21 merchant ships, 8 fleet auxiliaries, and 5 naval vessels.

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    The Japanese found and sunk the armed merchant cruiser HMS Hector (F 45, 1924, 11198 grt, C/O Capt. (ret.) Francis Howard, RN),drydocked for decommissioning,

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    and the destroyer HMS Tenedos (H 04, C/O Lt. Richard Dyer, RN).
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  3. #273
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 190

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    They damaged the submarine tender HMS Lucia (F 27, ex German SS Spreewald, 1907, 3899ts, C/O A/Cdr. (retired) Charles Richard de Bunsen Loftus Townsend, RN).

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    The submarine HMS Trusty (N 45, C/O Lt.Cdr. William Donald Aelian King, RN), taking on torpedoes for her next patrol, was undamaged.

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    The Norwegian tanker SS Soli (1915, 4836ts) was hit deadly and beached.

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    The British freighter SS Benledi (1930, 5,943ts),

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    the requisitioned British auxiliary tanker San Cirilo (1937, 12,000ts, master Captain John Thompson)

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    and freighter SS Clan Murdoch (1919, 5,950ts), unable to get underway due to ongoing repairs, were also damaged. While the naval repair shops were destroyed, the port facilities remained largely untouched.
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  5. #274
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 191

    01.04.03.04. HMS Dorsetshire and HMS Cornwall

    3 April the heavy cruisers HMS Dorsetshire and HMS Cornwall had been instructed to return to Colombo. Both cruisers had picked up Bradshaws urgent warning. Realising the enemy was just 150 miles to their east, the two ships left Colombo at dusk on 4 April and worked up to maximum speed (27.5 knots due to Cornwalls tired engines) to rejoin the Fleet some 750 miles to the south. Just as the attack against Colombo harbor was ending, a Japanese spotter plane found the ships while they were in the Bay of Bengal 320 km (200 mi) southwest of the island.

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    The Japanese plane came from the cruiser IJN Tone
    , as Japanese carriers had no reconnaissance planes and Japanese cruisers were their eyes. For instance it had been a floatplane of IJN cruiser Chokai that spotted HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse 9 December 1941, which led to their sinking 10 December 1941. IJN Tone carried 6 floatplanes,

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    for medium range reconnaissance the Aichi E13A Navy Type 0 "Jake"

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    and for short-range reconnaissance the Nakajima E8N Type 94 Mod 1 "Dave". When the two cruisers were reported Admiral Nagumo sent the second wave of planes,

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    led by Air Group Commander of Soryus wing Lt.Cdr. Takashige Egusa (江草隆繁, known from the attack on Pearl Harbor as leader of the dive-bombers of the second wave). Shortly after detection the British heavy cruisers HMS Cornwall and HMS Dorsetshire came under heavy attack by 53 dive-bombers Val, 18 from IJN Soryu, 18 from IJN Hiryu and 17 from IJN Akagi. Lt.Cdr. Egusa ordered the planes of IJN Soryu to attack HMS Cornwall and the planes of IJN Hiryu against HMS Dorsetshire.

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    The dive-bombers of IJN Akagi, led by Lt. Zenji Abe, followed as second wave against both ships.
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  6. #275
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 192

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    In the span of about eight minutes, HMS Dorsetshire was hit by ten 250 lb (110 kg) and 550 lb (250 kg) bombs and several near misses; the first bomb was a direct hit, blasting the aircraft platform to pieces; another bomb detonated an ammunition magazine and contributed to her rapid sinking; in all she had been hit by 17 bombs.
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    She sank stern first at about 13:50.


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    HMS Cornwall
    did not last much longer. The cruiser was hit by 11 of 13 bombs dropped on Cornwall, with two near misses that also did considerable damage. The first bomb had struck astern. The rear engine room and both boiler rooms were flooded and electrical power was disrupted. The forward engine room took a direct hit as did the sick bay.

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    With a list to port and fires raging out of control, Captain Manwaring ordered abandon ship at 13:58. HMS Cornwall capsized four minutes later

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    and sank bow first. Only one Val had been shot down.
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  7. #276
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 193

    Which ship sank first, is described differently, depending on the author, but if you have a close look to the photos the Japanese made, you can see HMS Dorsetshire sinking with a very small HMS Cornwall in the upper left background. HMS Cornwall is the ship with the big hangar.

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    1,122 survivors
    of both cruisers spent thirty hours in the water before being rescued by the light cruiser HMS Enterprise and the two destroyers HMS Paladin and HMS Panther.

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    One day later on 6 April the sloop HMIS Indus (L 67, C/O A/Cdr. Jesser Evelyn Napier Coope, RIN) was sunk by enemy aircraft off Fakir Point Light.

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    HMIS Indus suffered 3 direct bomb hits by Japanese Mitsubishi G3M Rikko bombers, and sank in 35 minutes. There was no loss of life to her crew although 10 were injured.
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  8. #277
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 194

    01.04.03.05. Trincomalee

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    4 April the carrier HMS Hermes

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    and HMAS Vampire (D 68, C/O Cdr. William Thomas Alldis Moran, RAN)

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    had been dispatched to Trincomalee to undergo boiler cleaning and prepare for Operation Ironclad, the invasion of Diego Suarez, Madagascar.

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    Trincomalee is one of the finest natural harbors in the world; it was specifically used as the Royal Navys East Indies Station.
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  9. #278
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 195

    Apart from the dock, maintenance and storage facilities, there was little there.

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    The harbor was guarded by five coastal batteries of 6th Heavy Regiment, Royal Artillery, with 14th Anti-Aircraft Battery, RA (with 4 x 3-inch guns), 15th Heavy Battery, RA Ostenberg (3 x 9.2in Mk X on Mk VII mounting) and 18th Heavy Battery (3 x 6 inch guns) at Hoods Tower.

    7 April Winston Churchill had received a report on the fight of 5 April. He wrote to President Roosevelt:
    "According to our information, five, and possibly six, Japanese battleships, and certainly five aircraft-carriers, are operating in the Indian Ocean. We cannot of course make head against this force, especially if it is concentrated. Even after the heavy losses inflicted on the enemy's aircraft in their attack on Colombo, we cannot feel sure that our two carriers would beat the four Japanese carriers concentrated south of Ceylon. The situation is therefore one of grave anxiety."

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    On 8 April a new warning of an approaching Japanese fleet was received, when a Consolidated PBY Catalina flying boat of No.240 Squadron, piloted by Flying Officer Round, detected Nagumos force early in the morning and reported three battleships and an aircraft carrier 540 miles from Colombo, steering 330.

    Since there were but few fighters at Trincomalee (11 Hurricanes), the Commander-in-Chief of Ceylon, Admiral Layton, ordered the flag officer in charge of Trincomalee,

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    Rear Admiral Arthur Francis Eric Palliser
    , to clear the harbor. That night most of the ships sailed to the southward with orders to keep close inshore and to be at least 40 miles from Trincomalee by dawn, among them HMS Hermes and the Australian Destroyer HMAS Vampire (in company).
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  10. #279
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 196

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    The Japanese attack force for Trincomalee was made up of 91 B5N Kates, with 41 A6M Zeros as escort,

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    the IJN Hiryu contributing six under Lieutenant Yasuhiro Shigematsu,
    IJN Akagi another six, again led by Lt.Cdr. Shigeu Itaya,

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    ten from each IJN Zuikaku, led by Lt. Masatoshi Makino, and IJN Shokaku, led by Lt. Tadashi Kancko,

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    and nine more from IJN Soryu und Lt. Masaharu Sugunami.

    All the D3A Vals were being held in reserve for a decisive blow against the British Eastern Fleet. The Japanese bombers made Trincomalee harbor at 7:20am and found it virtually empty.

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    The monitor HMS Erebus (I 02, C/O Capt. Harold Fielding Nalder, RN) was near-missed by six bombs on the port side and "her hull was well peppered by splinter damage. Casualties were 9 killed and 22 wounded; four of whom later succumbed to their wounds. HNLMS Sumatra was hit by one bomb which failed to explode.

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    The Passenger Cargo Vessel SS Sagaing (1925, 7994ts) was hit by one or two bombs and set on fire. Abandoned, it drifted into Malay Cove where it was later sunk by shellfire aimed below the waterline.

    Sagaing was carrying ammunition and a deck cargo of four aircraft

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    a Supermarine Walrus and

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    three crated Fairey Albacore torpedo bombers all of which was lost. At least three crew members were killed.
    Last edited by kh; 06-06-2017 at 10:08 AM.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 197

    01.04.03.06. HMS Hermes

    9 April at 07:55 a Kawanishi E7K Alf float plane from the battleship IJN Haruna

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    (Haruna carried one Kawanishi E7K1 Type 94 ("Alf") and two Nakajima E8N1 Type 95 ("Dave") floatplanes) had radioed it had found a carrier and three destroyers. HMS Hermes had no serviceable aircraft on board, as only two Swordfish, both undergoing repair, were in her hangar

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    and the remaining ten aircraft of No. 814 Squadron had been sent to reinforce RAF China Bay in Trincomalee.
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  12. #281
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 198

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    The ships were shortly afterwards attacked by 85 D3A Val dive bombers (18 from Soryu, 18 from Hiryu, 18 from Shokaku, 17 from Akagi and 14 from Zuikaku), escorted by 9 A6M Zeros (3 each from IJN Akagi, IJN Soryu, IJN Hiryu). At least 32 attacked them. The planes dived out of the sun and apart from a few near misses every bomb was on target, they went through the flight deck causing absolute destruction below decks. One of the first casualties was the forward lift, it received a direct hit, was blown 10ft in the air to land upside down on the flight deck eventually sliding into the sea, all personnel in that area were instantly killed. With no air cover HMS Hermes was only able to fire with her AA-guns and drive at top speed and so she was moving at about 25 knots shuddering from stem to stern, not only from the speed, but from the continual pounding. Then there was a mighty explosion that seemed to lift the ship out of the water, the after magazine had gone up, then another, this time on the starboard side, as the bridge had received a direct hit that killed the Captain and all bridge personnel. After about fifteen minutes the ship was heavily listing to port, fires were raging in the hangar;

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    she was on fire from stem to stern and sank, being hit by at least forty 250 lb Bombs.
    KH
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  13. #282
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 199

    01.04.03.07. HMAS Vampire

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 14 z HMAS VAMPIRE 1.jpg
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ID:	2283449
    Immediately the carrier vanished, the dive bombers turned their attention to HMAS Vampire, one of the Scrap Iron Flotilla, built in WW1 and transferred to the RAN in the 1930s instead of being scrapped. She fought off the attackers with her anti-aircraft guns and survived two near-misses with a severe shaking.

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 14 y HMS Hermes and HMAS Vampire being bombed.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 14 z HMAS VAMPIRE being bombed.jpg
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    But then a bomb scored a direct hit which went down her funnel into the boiler room and the ship was brought to a dead stop. Then she suffered four more hits in quick succession. Cdr. Moran ordered his men to abandon ship and take to rafts and floats. Then another hit broke the destroyer's back; the bow quickly sank, followed by the stern a few minutes later and ten minutes after the attack had begun.


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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 14 z HMHS Vita 1.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 14 z HMHS Vita HMS Hermes Survivors.jpg
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    In 1942 naval 'Hospital Ship No 8' HMHS Vita (Captain R.D.C. Sinclair) was based at Trincomalee, and on 9 April went out from that port to pick up survivors from the carrier and her escort destroyer. When Vita appeared on the scene, the Japanese respected her immunity and ceased attacking. So she was able to pick up 595 survivors oif both ships.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 200

    01.04.03.08. HMS Hollyhock

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 15 a auxiliary minelayer HMS Teviotbank 1.jpg
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    The auxiliary minelayer HMS Teviotbank (M 04, 5087 tons, C/O Cdr. (retired) Robert Douglas King-Harman, RN), at anchor in Palk Bay, north of Ceylon,

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 15 b HMS Hollyhook and some crew in dock at Cape Town 1.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 15 b HMS Hollyhook Lt. Thomas Edward Davies, RNR.jpg
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    in company with HMS Hollyhock (K 64, C/O Lt. Thomas Edward Davies, RNR) and four auxiliaries,

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 15 c R.F.A. Pearleaf 1.jpg
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    Fleet Attendant Tanker R.F.A. Pearleaf (Master Captain Stanley Charles Kernick, RFA)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 15 d SS British Sergeant.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 15 d SS British Sergeant 2.jpg
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    and SS British Sergeant (5,868 GRT, Master Captain Harold Faulkner),

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 16 SS Athelstane .jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 16 SS Athelstane master Captain Moore.jpg
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    the WWI Z-class Fleet Auxiliary tanker SS Athelstane (5,571 GRT, master Captain Moore)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 16 SS Norviken.jpg
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    and merchant cargo ship SS Norviken (2,924 GRT, master Captain Pareli Berg), both requisitioned for support of fleet units during Indian Ocean search for Japanese force, were ordered to raise steam and proceed to open waters to the northward.


    At around 12 o'clock, 20 Japanese D3A-1 'VAL' dive bombers from Admiral Nagumo's aircraft carrier IJN Soryu attacked HMS Hollyhock and SS Athelstane. Five of the aircraft turned their attentions to SS Athelstane, she was sunk, but all hands were saved. Then HMS Hollyhock was sunk within 5 minutes, with bombs going straight down her funnel, the Captain, 2 officers and 50 ratings died, only 14 men survived. The Athelstane survivors picked up the remaining men from the Hollyhock. SS Norviken was sunk also. She was bombed and near missed by aircraft from IJN Akagi with the loss of four of her 46 crew, then abandoned, drifting ashore the next day at Timkovie, Ceylon, there catching fire and breaking in two.

    About five miles away the Captain of 'British Sergeant' saw the Japanese planes attacking. She was an armed merchant ship with one 4.7' gun, two Lewis Machine Guns and two P.A.C rockets and had a crew of 52 including 1 Australian naval gunner. Captain Faulkner ordered to alter course for shallow water at utmost speed, but six Japanese bombers attacked the ship, the first bomb of which tore open the side of the ship causing it to list 35 degrees. The bomb from the second plane hit the deck on the starboard side and the foremast; bombs from the third and fourth planes penetrated the deck, breaking the back of the ship. The attack lasted only 90 seconds and split the ship in two. Three men were injured.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 201

    01.04.03.09. Bay of Bengal

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 18 map 2.jpg
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    While Nagumo's main force was occupied off Ceylon, Admiral Ozawa's group of the carrier IJN Ryujo and cruisers did considerable damage in the Bay of Bengal between 5 and 9 April. Malaya Force had assembled at Mergui in southern Burma during the last week of March 1942. Admiral Ozawa led it out in to the Bay of Bengal at 11:00 on 1 April. He loitered just east of the Ten Degree Channel, which separates the Andaman and Nicobar islands, most probably in order to synchronize his movements with Nagumos. He passed through the Ten Degree Channel during the night of 3 to 4 April and at about dawn on 4 April shaped course to the northwest, toward Indias northeastern coast.


    01.04.03.09.01. In India with the threat of air attack on the port it was decided on 31 March to clear ships from Calcutta, and in the absence of escort vessels these were sailed in small unescorted groups routed as close inshore as possible. From among these ships Ozawa's aircraft and surface vessels took a heavy toll of 20 vessels.

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 20 a Bengal Bay SS Harpasa 1.jpg
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    5 April the Japanese fleet found and sunk British SS Harpasa (1934, 5,082ts, the attacking aircraft were very probably a pair of Type 97s from Ryujo led by Lt. Yamagami Masataka),

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 20 b Bengal Bay SS Gandara 1.jpg
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    SS Gandara (1919, 5281ts)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 20 c Bengal Bay SS Dardanus 1.jpg
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    and SS Dardanus (1923, 7823ts, Captain A. English, both ships attacked and sunk by two Type 97s possibly led by PO1c Yamaguchi Shuichi).
    Last edited by kh; 06-07-2017 at 11:09 PM.
    KH
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 202

    01.04.03.09.02. Raiding Force Divided

    The same day at 17:30, Ozawa divided his force into the three groups:

    Northern Group (C/O Rear Admiral Takeo Kurita) with the heavy cruisers IJN Kumano (flagship)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 22 Northern Group 2 Bengal Bay IJN Suzuya 2.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 22 Northern Group 2 Bengal Bay IJN Suzuya Capt. Masatomi Kimura .jpg
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    and IJN Suzuya (鈴谷, C/O Capt. Masatomi Kimura 木村昌福)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 22 Northern Group 3 Bengal Bay IJN Shirakumo 2.jpg
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    and the destroyer IJN Shirakumo (白雲 White Cloud, C/O Cdr. Toyoharu Hitomi 人見豊治),

    Center Group (C/O Admiaral Ozawa) with heavy cruiser Chokai (flagship), aircraft carrier Ryujo,

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 24 Center Group 3 Bengal Bay IJN Yura 2.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 24 Center Group 3 Bengal Bay IJN Yura Capt. Teruhiko Miyoshi.jpg
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    light cruiser IJN Yura (由良, C/O Capt. Teruhiko Miyoshi 三好輝彦)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 24 Center Group 4 Bengal Bay IJN Yugiri 2.jpg
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    and the destroyers IJN Yugiri (夕霧 "Evening Mist", C/O Lt.Cdr. Honkura 本倉正義)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 24 Center Group 5 Bengal Bay IJN Asagiri 1.jpg
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    and IJN Asagiri (朝霧 "Morning Fog, C/O Lt.Cdr. Yasuo Arai 荒井靖夫) and

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    Southern Group (C/O Mikumas Captain Sakiyama Shakao) with the heavy cruisers IJN Mogami (最上, C/O Capt. Akira Soni 曽爾章)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 26 Southern Group 2 Bengal Bay IJN Mikuma 1.jpg
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    and IJN Mikuma (三隈, C/O Capt. Sakiyama Shakao 崎山釈夫)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 26 Southern Group 3 Bengal Bay IJN Amagiri 1.jpg
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    and the destroyer IJN Amagiri (
    天霧 "Heavenly Mist, C/O Cdr. Ashida 芦田部一).

  17. #286
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 203

    01.04.03.09.03. 6 April 1942

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 28 Northern Group 1 Bengal Bay MT Elsa 1.jpg
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    This day the Northern Group found and sunk the Norwegian tanker MT Elsa (1928, 5381ts, Captain Alf Hovelsrd).

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 28 Northern Group 2 Bengal Bay SS Malda 1.jpg
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    Then they ran across an unescorted convoy of six ships, British SS Malda (1928, 9066ts, Master and Acting Commodore Captain H.M. Edmondson, twenty-five killed, 154 survivors),

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 28 Northern Group 3 Bengal Bay SS Autolycus 1.jpg
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    British SS Autolycus (1922, 7718ts, 11 of the 100 souls aboard her were killed),

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 28 Northern Group 4 Bengal Bay SS Indora 1.jpg
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    British SS Indora (1938, 6622ts, 81 survivors, but two Indian crewmen perished),

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 28 Northern Group 5 Bengal Bay SS Exmoor 1.jpg
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    U.S. SS Exmoor (1919, 4986ts, all hands survived),

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 28 Northern Group 6 Bengal Bay SS Silksworth 1.jpg
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    British SS Silksworth (1922, 4921ts, all hands survived)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 28 Northern Group 7 Bengal Bay SS Shinkuang 1.jpg
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    and British SS Shinkuang (ex SS Canadian Farmer, 1920, 2441ts, three crew members were killed), all of which were sunk by gunfire from the three Japanese ships.

    Then Admiral Ozawa divided the Center Group another time. He detached IJN Yura and IJN Yugiri to operate inshore, where they found and sunk three ships,

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 30 Center Group 1 Bengal Bay SS Banjoewangi 1.jpg
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    the Dutch MV Banjoewangi (1939, 1279ts, thirteen of Banjoewangis crew were lost)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 30 Center Group 2 Bengal Bay MV Batavia 1.jpg
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ID:	2287673
    and her sister ship MV Batavia (1939, 1279ts, four of Batavias crew were lost).

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 30 Center Group 3 Bengal Bay SS Taksang 1.jpg
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    The third victim was the British SS Taksang (1935, 3471ts, fifteen of those aboard her were killed, 107 survived).
    KH
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 204

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 30 Center Group 11 Bengal Bay SS Bienville 1.jpg
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    The Center Groups main body sunk the freighters U.S. SS Bienville (1921, 5491ts, nineteen of her crew of 43 died during the attack, and five more died from their wounds later)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 30 Center Group 12 Bengal Bay SS Ganges 1.jpg
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    and the British SS Ganges (1930, 6246ts, Captain Vivian, of the 56 souls aboard, 11 were killed)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 30 Center Group 13 Bengal Bay SS Shinkiang 1.jpg
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    and SS Sinkiang (1915, 2646ts)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 30 Center Group 21 Bengal Bay SS Selma City 1.jpg
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    The Center Groups remaining two victims US SS Selma City (1921, 5686ts, all 29 hands survived)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 30 Center Group 22 Bengal Bay SS Van Der Capellen 1.jpg
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    and Dutch SS Van der Capellen (1940, 2073ts) were sunk by its aircraft, two more were damaged in open waters, the Greek SS Point Clear (ex Pallas, 1920, 4839ts)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 30 Center Group 27 Bengal Bay SS Anglo-Canadian 1.jpg
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    and the British SS Anglo-Canadian (1928, 5268ts, Captain D. J. Williams).

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 32 Southern Group 1 Bengal Bay SS Dagfred 1.jpg
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ID:	2287857Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 32 Southern Group 1 Bengal Bay SS Dagfred 2.jpg
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    The Southern Group found and sunk two ships only, both Norwegian, MV Dagfred, (1930, 4434ts, Captain Arne Andreassen, all 40 officers and crewmen survived)

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 32 Southern Group 2 Bengal Bay SS Hermod 1.jpg
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ID:	2287873Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 32 Southern Group 2 Bengal Bay SS Hermod Captain Eilif Steier.jpg
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    and SS Hermod (1925, 1515ts, Captain Eilif Steier, all 36 officers and crew escaped in three lifeboats).
    Last edited by kh; 06-09-2017 at 12:15 AM.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 205

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 45 Vizagapatam ryujo 1.jpg
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ID:	2287889
    On 6 April Admiral Ozama's aircraft also raided Vizagapatam (a city of 40,000 and site of a British naval base, the first bombs on Indian soil) and Cocanada, the nearby provincial capital with a British naval station 100 miles south-west of Vizagapatam. The Japanese suspected that from those ports supplies were shipped to Burma.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 49 IJN Ryujo 1.jpg
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    IJN Ryojo launched three strikes of five Type 97s each. First at 11:43 with five Type 97s, each armed with one 250 kg bomb and four 60 kg bombs attacking Vizagapatam between 13:00 and 13:45. Second at 13:30 with two Type 97s armed with one 800 kg bomb each and three armed with one 250 kg bomb and four 60 kg bombs each. This strike attacked Cocanada, probably from 14:05 to 14:54. Third at 16:55 with five Type 97s armed with one 250 kg bomb and four 60 kg bombs each. This strike hit Vizagapatam between 17:25 and 17:45, and was likely flown by the same five aircraft and crews which had made the first raid.

    The two raids on Vizagapatam appear to have enjoyed little success, at least in terms of damaging the ships in the harbour. The bombing was accurate during both raids and that there was Damage to ships in harbour and power house.

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 50 SS Marion Moller 1.jpg
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    Of the nine merchant ships in port on that date SS Marion Moller (ex Cymric Pride, 1909, 3827ts), which had arrived on 5 April, was hit by a bomb which did not explode and which is now on display at the local museum. Neither were any of the other eight ships present sunk on this occasion, since they are known to have sailed on later voyages. Information about the raid on Cocanada is very sparse. Most probably two ships were damaged.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 51 SS Dah Puh as Clara Jebsen, 1926.jpg
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    The two ships known to have been in port at Cocanada are the Norwegian SS Dah Puh (ex Clara Jebsen, 1922, 1974ts, Captain Adolf Buhre),

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 56 SS Oriskany.jpg
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    and the British Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) SS Oriskany
    (1924, 1644ts). Dah Pu arrived at Cocanada on 4 April and Oriskany arrived on 1 April. It is certain that neither ship was sunk, however. So it seems that the main effect of the attacks was that they caused a panic there and elsewhere on the eastern coast of India.
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    Default

    All of these last actions were totally new to me and I thought I was well read. I could only find one book on Amazon pertaining to some of the actions and it has very mixed reviews. And no one could have found and detailed all the photos, except you, kh. Thank you, thank you, for all the hard work you have done so far.

    And I look forward to more.

  21. #290
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by nwellons View Post
    All of these last actions were totally new to me and I thought I was well read. I could only find one book on Amazon pertaining to some of the actions and it has very mixed reviews. And no one could have found and detailed all the photos, except you, kh. Thank you, thank you, for all the hard work you have done so far.

    And I look forward to more.
    nwellons, I am very glad you like it, many, many thanks for your kind words!!!!
    KH
    please help me with my Polish, Hungarian and Romanian MN-datasheet, click here:
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 206

    01.04.03.09.01.04. Japanese Submarines

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 59 1 Admiral Isoruku Yamamoto .jpg
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ID:	2289705
    At Penang, Malaya, the Combined Fleet Headquarters under Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (山本五十六) ordered that the western coasts of India and Ceylon should be reconnoitered before the commencement of Operation C".

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 59 2 submarine Sqdr 2 Rear Admiral Ichioka Hisashi .jpg
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    Five of the six boats of SubRon 2 (C/O Rear Admiral Ichioka Hisashi 市岡寿) participated in the operation,

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Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 60 1 IJN I-2 1.jpg
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ID:	2289721
    IJN I-2 (C/O Cdr. Inada Hiroshi 稲田博),

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ID:	2289729Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 60 1 IJN I-3.jpg
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ID:	2289737
    IJN I-3 (C/O Lt.Cdr. Tonozuka Kinzo 東住塚欽三),
    IJN I-4 (C/O Cdr. Nakagawa Hajime
    中川元),

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 3 s 60 6 IJN I-6.jpg
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    IJN I-6 (C/O Lt.Cdr. Inaba Michimune 稲葉倫文)

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    and IJN I-7 (flagship, C/O Lt.Cdr. Koizumi Kiichi 小泉喜市). They began operations in the Indian Ocean around 26 March, after repair and supply had been completed at Penang. IJN I-7 operated north of Chagos Archepelago to make air reconnaissance over Colombo with her floatplane. IJN I-2 and IJN I-3 operated around Ceylonn to reconnoiter enemy situation at Colombo and Trincomalee. IJN I-4 operated in the Eight and Nine Degree Channels. IJN I-5 operated in the One and Half Degree Channel and IJN I-6 west of Bombay.

    From 2 to 8 April the submarines sank and damaged several ships off the west coasts of India and Ceylon.

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    2 April IJN I-6 sunk British SS Clan Ross (1914, 5971ts).

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    3 AprilIJNI-7sunk the British MV Glenshiel (1921, 9415ts) 300 miles E of Maldive Islands and IJN I-4 torpedoed

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    and sunk US SS Washingtonian (1919, 7240ts) in Eight Degree Channel north of Maledives.

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    7 April IJN I-3 damaged Royal Mail Ship (RMS) MV Elmdale (1941, 4872ts, Master Duncan McPhee)

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    and IJN I-6 attacked British SS Bahadur (1929, 5424ts) by torpedo and sunk her by gunfire. 8 April IJN I-3 torpedoed and sunk British SS Fultala (1940, 5051ts, entire crew was rescued) in the Indian Ocean 300 miles west of Colombo.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 207

    01.04.03.09.01.05. Casualties

    In all in April 1942 the Japanese sank 34 ships, aggregating some 151,000 tons. On the British side there were huge losses of persons, of heavy cruisers HMS Dorsetshire and HMS Cornwall 425 men killed, of aircraft carrier HMS Hermes 302 men killed, of destroyers HMS Tenedos and HMS Vampire 23 men killed, of corvette HMS Hollyhock 53 men killed, of armed merchant cruiser HMS Hector 4 men killed, of HMS Erebus and HMS Lucia 10 men killed, of 23 merchant ships totalling 135,689 tons 90 men killed, of 3 destroyed Catalina flying boats of Nos. 205 and 240 RAF and Canadian No. 413 Squadron 19 men killed and 6 taken as prisoners of war, of 6 destroyed Swordfish torpedo-bombers of No. 788 Squadron 5 men killed,

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    of 17 destroyed Hurricane fighters of No. 258 and 30 Squadrons 12 pilots killed,

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    of 5 destroyed Blenheim medium bombers of No. 11 Squadron 17 men killed, of 6 destroyed Fairey Fulmar I fleet fighters of No. 803 Squadron 12 airmen killed, on the ground at China Bay 3 men killed,

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    of the 55th (Devon) LAA Regt RA (with 163, 164 and 165 LAA batteries, with 36 x 40mm Bofors guns) 6 men killed,

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    in the naval dockyard at Trincomalee 17 killed and 85 civilians killed in Colombo, together 1083h persons.

    The Japanese losses are not clear. First they admitted the loss of 5 planes only. Some references mention six D3A destroyed and seven damaged, along with one A6M and three damaged, and five B5N damaged. It seems to be clear that at least 20 Japanese planes were destroyed or had to be written off.

    The British could not just give up on Ceylon and not just because of its vast rubber resources. Mainly Ceylon was supposed to command the Indian Ocean and protect vital shipping routes to the Burmese, Middle East and Persian Gulf oilfields and especially to India.

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    The Commander-in-Chief, India, and later Viceroy of India, Field Marshal Sir Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, made clear that Ceylon or Burma (see below) were important as strategic and economic points and areas, but especially as gates to India. Wavell wrote: "This was India's most dangerous hour; our Eastern Fleet was powerless to protect Ceylon or Eastern India; our air strength was negligible; and it was becoming increasingly obvious that our small tired force in Burma was unlikely to be able to hold the enemy, while the absence of communications between Assam and Upper Burma made it impossible to reinforce it.


    For Churchill Ceylon was a true nightmare: Here and wherever you looked around the world in that spring of 1942, it was hard to claim with any confidence that England would win the war.
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  24. #293
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    Default

    Last week Dutch Harbor commemorated the 75th the 75th anniversary of the 1942 bombing by planes from the carriers Ryujo and Junyo. The same photo of Lt. Zenji Abe standing in front of his Val in this great thread is hanging in city hall with many other war time pictures. The Val pilots could drop a bomb in a tea cup, their accuracy was amazing. Thanks KH!

  25. #294
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by car99 View Post
    Last week Dutch Harbor commemorated the 75th the 75th anniversary of the 1942 bombing by planes from the carriers Ryujo and Junyo. The same photo of Lt. Zenji Abe standing in front of his Val in this great thread is hanging in city hall with many other war time pictures. The Val pilots could drop a bomb in a tea cup, their accuracy was amazing. Thanks KH!
    Thank you, car99!
    It seems I do know now where "here & there" is .
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 208

    01.04.04. Churchills Nightmare Burma

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    Burma was a British colony, annexed following three Anglo-Burmese wars (5 March 1824 24 February 1826, 5 April 1852 20 January 1853 and

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    729 November 1885, with sporadic resistance and insurgency continuing into 1887).

    Following the annexation of Burma, valuable possessions of the Burmese were seized and taken as a prize by the British.

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    An organisation, the "Prize Committee, Mandalay", was instituted to dispose of the possessions of the former Burmese government. The three committee members were as president Lt.Col. William Thomas Budgen (or Budgeon), Royal Artillery, Major W. Lambert of Marine Artillery and other army personnel. Nearly every valuable item of the country, including items of high religious importance, machinery, steamers and items of practical value, was transferred to the British government or purchased at well below market value.

    As it was a short way from India only the British had become increasingly interested in the possibility of trading with China via Burma and viewed Burma to be the highway to China. The Burmese economy, once jealously guarded by mercantilist kings, was laid open to British trade. British traders developed great interests in the trade of rubies, teak and oil from northern Burma.

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    One example is the Burmah Oil Company.

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    1876 the Scottish businessman David Sime Cargill, after visiting Burma, purchased the Glasgow-based Rangoon Oil Co Ltd, founded to develop oil fields in the Indian subcontinent,

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    which had failed because the King of Upper Burma Mindon Min was using his monopoly power to overcharge for crude oil found in his territory. The company was re-named Burmah Oil Company. Over the next ten years Cargill supported the loss-making refining and distribution activities from his own pocket, to the extent of 100,000. After in 1853 the Second Anglo-Burmese War had ended with the annexation of Lower Burma by the British Empire, after the Third Burmese War the British authorities annexed Upper Burma also in 1886 and granted Cargill prospecting licences in the oilfields there. Cargill introduced machine drilling and had the Rangoon refinery modernized to cope with the increased production.

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    In the late 1890s Burmah Oil passed into the ownership of Sir Campbell Kirkman Finlay, whose family already possessed vast colonial interests through their trading company James Finlay and Co. In the first decade of the 20th century, Burmah Oil became an early and major shareholder in Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) later Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, then British Petroleum and eventually BP (for more information see #179 Weekend Quiz P-47 Thunderbolt and Iran). The company restricted its downstream interests to the Indian subcontinent, where BP had no business interests. In 1923, the company gave 5,000 (261,000 today) to future Prime Minister Winston Churchill to lobby the British government to allow them sole control over oil resources in Persia. Until 1901, when the Standard Oil Company started operations in Burma, Burmah Oil enjoyed a monopoly in the region. The company operated in Burma until 1963.


    The unbridled expansion of British commerce meant, however, that Burmese concessions to British merchants never went fast and far enough. This and the "Prize Committee, Mandalay" were some of the reasons that the majority of Burmese people thought very anti-British, of what the Japanese were able to take advantage before and in WW2.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 209

    Burma was also vital to the British and Allied war effort for several non-economic reasons. Firstly, Burma was the gate to Assam in India and a Japanese conquest of Burma would expose India to invasion.

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    Secondly the capital Rangoon was the principal seaport for transporting supplies to keep Chiang Kai Sheks forces (The Chinese National Army) in the fight. If they lost this life-line, Chinese resistance might very well collapse, freeing up entire Japanese armies for operations in other theatres. Both Roosevelt and Churchill recognised the importance of holding Burma and argued that the Allies must hold the Middle East to prevent the loss of the Suez Canal and thus Germany and Japan joining hands in India.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 210

    But initially Japanese objectives in Burma were limited to the capture of Rangoon, to close the overland supply line to China and provide a strategic bulwark to defend Japanese gains in British Malaya and the Dutch East Indies.

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    The Japanese 15th Armyunder Lieutenant General Shōjirō Iida (飯田祥二郎), moved into northern Thailand (which had signed a treaty of friendship with Japan30 December 1941),

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    and in January 1942 launched an attack over jungle-clad mountain ranges into the southern Burmese province of Tenasserim.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 211

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    7/8 March 1942 the Imperial Japanese Army, along with the Burma Independence Army (BIA), fighting for independence from Britain and containing thousands of nationalists

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    and the Thirty Comrades, the embryo of the modern Burmese army,

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    led by the Father of the Nation Aung San,

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    captured the open city Rangoon
    .
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 212

    After the fall of the capital, the Allies attempted to make a stand in the north of the country (Upper Burma), having been reinforced mid-March 1942 by a Chinese Expeditionary Force (CEF),

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    which entered Burma under the command of Lieutenant General Du Yuming (or Tu Yu-Ming, 杜聿明), commander of the Nationalist Fifth Army of the Chinese Expeditionary Force in Burma. The expeditionary force totaled over 100,000 men and consisted of ten divisions from the 5th, 6th, and 66th armies, but the Japanese successes on the ground and in the air against the Allied forces

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    under the overall command of Generalissimus Chiang Kai-shek continued throughout the month of April. Before the end of the month the Chinese force defending Toungoo, in central Burma between Rangoon and Mandalay, was nearly annihilated by the Japanese. As the Allied forces had to fall back along the Irrawaddy and Sittang Valleys into central Burma,

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    the third prong of the Japanese offensive

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    toward Lashio became apparent. With their forces concentrated in the river valleys, the Allies could do little about the Japanese thrust in the northeast. Lashio fell on 29 April, completing the Japanese blockade of China by

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    closing the gateway between Burma and the southwest of China,

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    the 1,154 km (717 miles) long Burma Road, linking Lashio, in eastern Burma, with Kunming, in Yunnan province, China.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 213

    With Lashio in Japanese hands, the defense of Burma became untenable and 3 May 1942 the American "Chief of Staff to the Supreme Commander of the Chinese Theater" and "Commanding General of the United States Forces in the Chinese Theater of Operations, Burma and India",

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    Lieutenant-General Joseph Vinegar Joe Warren Stilwell, decided that Burma was lost, nothing more could be accomplished and that the time had come to evacuate Burma. Part of the Chinese force managed to withdraw east into China, but three divisions headed west into India. On 6 May Stilwell sent a last message, ordered his radios and vehicles destroyed,

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    and headed west on foot into the jungle.
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 214

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    With him were 114 people, including what was left of his own staff, a group of nurses,

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    the Chinese general Luo Zhuoying (羅卓英) with his personal bodyguards, a number of British commandos, a collection of mechanics, a few civilians,

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    and a reporter, Life Magazine correspondent Jack Belden. Leading by personal example, Stilwell guided the mixed group into India, arriving there on 15 May without losing a single member of the party.
    Last edited by kh; 06-11-2017 at 11:34 PM.
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    Default

    Sorry, I am on tour. No time to post until next Monday. I try to post this from my phone.

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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 215

    Burma was a nightmare for Churchill, because the possession of Burma placed the Japanese directly at the gate of India, the most important British colony. Churchill feared and the Japanese believed they would be able to ignite a general insurrection against the British Raj once their troops had established themselves in Assam, within reach of Calcutta.

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ID:	2311626
    To this end they cultivated the services of the dissident Bengali politician Subhas Chandra Bose, one of the most celebrated freedom fighters of India,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 j 1 Subhash Chandra Bose meets Adolf Hitler, May 1942.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	58.3 KB
ID:	2311642
    who in Germany

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 i 2 Mohammad Iqbal Shedai 2.jpg
Views:	19
Size:	32.0 KB
ID:	2311634
    together with Mohammad Iqbal Shedai during a Conference 8/9 December 1941 in Berlin

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 j 2 Free Indian Legion - Infantry Regiment 950 (Ind) 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	76.8 KB
ID:	2311674Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 j 2 Free Indian Legion - Infantry Regiment 950 (Ind) 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	85.6 KB
ID:	2311658Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 j 2 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel inspecting a unit of the Indian Legion in France, Febr.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	68.9 KB
ID:	2311650
    had already founded the Free India Legion, later Infantry Regiment 950

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 k Oberstleutnant Kurt Krappe with Subhash Chandra Bose.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	75.2 KB
ID:	2311666
    (Indian, 1944 C/O Oberstleutnant Kurt Krappe), comprising up to 2600 Indians for instance of the British 3rd (Indian) Motorised Brigade and other units captured by Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps.
    KH
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  35. #304
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 216

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 l 0 Subhash Chandra Bose with his aide Abid Hasan during their journey to Japan from .jpg
Views:	1
Size:	60.3 KB
ID:	2311762Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 l 0 Subhash Chandra Bose with his aide Abid Hasan during their journey to Japan from .jpg
Views:	1
Size:	104.9 KB
ID:	2311746Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 l 0 Subhash Chandra Bose with his aide Abid Hasan during their journey to Japan from .jpg
Views:	1
Size:	69.2 KB
ID:	2311754
    As Hitler refused to extend the help for him Subhas Chandra Bose and Major Dr. Abid Hasan Safrani (one of Boses closest aides) were sent from Laboe/Germany to Japan.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 l 1 U-180 0.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	58.1 KB
ID:	2311738Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 l 1 U-180 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	57.6 KB
ID:	2311730Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 l 1 U-180 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	53.8 KB
ID:	2311722Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 l 3 Chandra Bose and Captain Werner Musenberg.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	85.7 KB
ID:	2311714
    U-180 (C/O Korvettenkapitn Werner Musenberg), a long-range Typ IX D 1 sub with a hold for extra cargo, left Kiel/Germany on 9 February 1943 to meet a Japanese submarine in the Indian Ocean,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 3 blueprints of a Type IXC-40 submarine 3.jpg
Views:	2
Size:	101.5 KB
ID:	2311698Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 1 Type IXC-40 submarine U-190.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	88.0 KB
ID:	2311706
    also carrying blueprints of a Type IXC/40 long range submarine,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 5 Hafthohlladung HHL 3.jpg
Views:	19
Size:	29.7 KB
ID:	2311690
    a sample of German hollow charge (Hafthohlladung HHL 3) and quinine sample for future Japanese shipments, a torpedo tube that held a gun barrel and ammunition, three cases holding 432 Bold (short for Kobold = goblin) sonar decoys, documents and mail for the German embassy in Tokyo. Bose and Safrani were brought on board secretly in the middle of the Kieler Frde at Laboe by a boat in the middle of the night.
    KH
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  36. #305
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 217

    3 March U-180 was supplied with 60 m fuel, 600 liters of engine oil, a Metox (radar detecting) device, 14 days of provisions and several suitcases and boxes with various contents

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 10 U-462 0.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	67.8 KB
ID:	2311778Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 10 U-462 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	85.5 KB
ID:	2311786Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 10 U-462 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	68.8 KB
ID:	2311794Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 11 U-462 Oberleutnant zur See Bruno Vowe.jpg
Views:	19
Size:	40.3 KB
ID:	2311802
    by Type XIV submarine U-462 (C/O Oberleutnant zur See Bruno Vowe), a so called Milchkuh (= 'Milk Cow'), a supply submarine. Those boats had no torpedo tubes, only AA-weapons, but carried a supply freight of 432 ts fuel, 5 ts of engine oil, 5 ts of fresh water, 5 ts of provisions and four torpedoes, the latter in pressure-proof containers on the upper deck. They also had a workshop, a bakery, and a small hospital with a medical doctor on board.
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  37. #306
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 218

    At dawn on 21 April 1943, 400 miles southwest of Madagascar in the Mozambique Channel, U-180 rendezvoused with the

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 15 Submarine I-29 2 Japanese flag is fixed to conning tower 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	34.4 KB
ID:	2314362Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 15 Submarine I-29 3 two boats of type B-1 (right I-29, left I-27) 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	58.8 KB
ID:	2314370Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 15 Submarine I-29 4 Glen is prepared to take off from the submarine I-29 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	60.5 KB
ID:	2314378Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 15 Submarine I-29 5 Glen catapulted from the submarine I-29 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	39.5 KB
ID:	2314386Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 15 Submarine I-29 enters the French port Lorient 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	60.2 KB
ID:	2314394Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 15 Submarine I-29 enters the French port Lorient 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	76.1 KB
ID:	2314402Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 15 Submarine I-29 enters the French port Lorient 3.jpg
Views:	17
Size:	40.0 KB
ID:	2314410Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 15 Submarine I-29 March-April 1944, Lorient German antiaircraft guns installed - a .jpg
Views:	1
Size:	39.3 KB
ID:	2314418
    Japanese B1 type submarine I-29
    (each B-1 submarine carried a seaplane in a hanger forward of the conning tower).
    KH
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  38. #307
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 219

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 2 on I-29 Hassan standing to the left 4.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	62.1 KB
ID:	2314578
    5 April 1943 I-29 (C/O Cdr. Izu Juichi (中佐伊豆寿一, also embarked commander of 14th submarine flotilla Captain Teraoka Masao (大佐寺岡正雄), had departed Penang on her secret mission. She carried eleven tons of cargo,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 20 The most difficult torpedo is moving from I-29 to U-180.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	57.2 KB
ID:	2314546
    including one 53.3 cm (21") Type 89 (1929) torpedo, two 45 cm (17.7") Type 2 (1942) aerial torpedoes and two tons of gold bars for the Japanese Embassy in Berlin.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 19 blueprints of HIJMS Akagi 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	98.5 KB
ID:	2314506Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 19 HIJMS Akagi launch ceremony 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	112.8 KB
ID:	2314514Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 19 HIJMS Akagi launch ceremony 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	96.6 KB
ID:	2314522
    She also carried drawings and blueprints of IJN Akagi (for use in the construction of Graf Zeppelin)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 19 Type A Midget Sub blueprint 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	41.5 KB
ID:	2314530Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 19 Type A Midget Submarine HA-19.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	254.3 KB
ID:	2314538
    and of a Type A Ko-hyoteki (
    甲標的甲型 ) midget submarine.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 22 Cdr. Emi Tetsushiro 1.jpg
Views:	17
Size:	36.4 KB
ID:	2314562Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 22 Cdr. Emi Tetsushiro HIJMS I-8 arrives off Brest, France, 31 Aug '43 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	51.6 KB
ID:	2314570
    Cdr. Emi Tetsushiro (江見哲四郎中佐, until 25 July 1942 CO of IJN I-8), a member of the IJN's Technical Department and

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 m 21 LtCdr. Tomonaga Hideo 3.jpg
Views:	17
Size:	66.9 KB
ID:	2314554
    Lt.Cdr. Tomonaga Hideo
    (
    友永英夫), a naval aviator, military observer and submarine designer, were aboard as passengers. They were assigned to study German U-boat construction techniques.
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  39. #308
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 220

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 2 I-29 Cdr. Izu Juichi with submarine flotilla commander Captain Teraoka Masao and .jpg
Views:	1
Size:	64.6 KB
ID:	2314642
    After a difficult transfer in the rough sea of a German officer and a signalman from U-180 to I-29, the two submarines continued on a northeasterly course waiting for the seas to moderate.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 1 I-29 U-180 meeting with U-180.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	110.0 KB
ID:	2314586Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 1 U-180 meets I-29 0.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	90.8 KB
ID:	2314610Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 1 U-180 meets I-29 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	69.5 KB
ID:	2314618Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 1 U-180 meets I-29 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	71.2 KB
ID:	2314634Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 1 U-180 meets I-29 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	86.9 KB
ID:	2314626
    Finally, after 12 hours, eleven tons of cargo was transferred in three inflatable rafts while both submarines had their torpedo hatches open. Later Cdr. Izu commented that the situation was "a dive-bomber's dream come true".

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 1 U-180 at meeting point 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	68.4 KB
ID:	2314594Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 1 U-180 at meeting point 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	51.2 KB
ID:	2314602
    Then Bose and his group rode a rubber raft from the U-boat to IJN I-29. Cdr. Emi and Lt.Cdr. Tomonaga were transferred to the U-boat on the way back. After the passenger and cargo transfers were completed I-29 turned eastward.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 2 on I-29 Hassan standing to the left 3b.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	68.1 KB
ID:	2314650
    Photo
    Hassan standing to the left of the barrel of the gun, then left Chandra Bose with glasses and Captain Masao Teraoka stands in front of Bose.
    KH
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  40. #309
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 221

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 4 On the way to Germany, LtCdr Tomonaga relaxes with crew members on U - 180.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	96.0 KB
ID:	2317154
    With her passengers U-180 sailed toward the Cape of Good Hope for the Atlantic and her base at Bordeaux, France. It was planned that another supply should happen,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 7 U-463.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	75.3 KB
ID:	2317162Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 8 U-463 Korvettenkapitn Leo Wolfbauer.jpg
Views:	16
Size:	38.2 KB
ID:	2317170
    this time by the Type XIV Milchkuh U-463 (C/O Korvettenkapitn Leo Wolfbauer), but U-463 was sunk in the night 15 March 1943 by a British Halifax bomber. As U-180 was very short of fuel it was ordered that a normal submarine should replenish her.

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 9 U-180 (left) and U-518 photograph taken during destroyer escort on 1 or 2 July 19.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	92.9 KB
ID:	2317178
    Several articles say that this was the Type IXC U-518 (C/O Kapitnleutnant Friedrich-Wilhelm Wissmann), but in the time frame 27 April 1943 24 June 1943 this boat was in Lorient. In fact it was a different Type IXC boat,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 n 10 U-530.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	152.2 KB
ID:	2317186
    U-530
    (C/O Kapitnleutnant Kurt Lange), supplying U-180 on 19 June 1943 with 38 m fuel and 14 days of provisions. 9 July 1943 after 15,000 nautical miles U-180 arrived at the Gironde.
    KH
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  41. #310
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 222

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 9 U-530 Oberleutnant Otto Wermuth 2.jpg
Views:	16
Size:	23.8 KB
ID:	2317226Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 9 U-530 Oberleutnant Otto Wermuth 3.jpg
Views:	16
Size:	25.4 KB
ID:	2317234
    BTW: U-530, then commanded by Oberleutnant Otto Wermuth,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 10 Base Naval Mar del Plata old ARA cruiser General Belgrano as depot ship for subm.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	52.1 KB
ID:	2317250Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 11 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 530 in Mar del Plata 1b.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	75.3 KB
ID:	2317282Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 11 Base Naval Mar del Plata German submarine U 530.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	64.7 KB
ID:	2317258Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 10 Base Naval Mar del Plata German submarine U-530 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	264.3 KB
ID:	2317242Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 11 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 530 in Mar del Plata 1a.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	224.8 KB
ID:	2317290Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 11 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 530 in Mar del Plata 1c.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	95.7 KB
ID:	2317298
    is one of the two U-boats that escaped to Mar del Plata in Argentina at the end of WW2,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 11 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 530 crew in Mar del Plata 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	115.9 KB
ID:	2317274Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 11 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 530 crew in Mar del Plata 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	65.4 KB
ID:	2317266
    arriving
    there 10 July 1945
    after 130 days at sea.
    KH
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  42. #311
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 223

    Mar del Plata was and is the submarine base of Argentina,

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 12 Base Naval Mar del Plata Argentine.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	143.9 KB
ID:	2317306Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 12 Base Naval Mar del Plata Argentine submarines and Base ship 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	93.5 KB
ID:	2317314Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 12 Base Naval Mar del Plata Argentine submarines and Base ship 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	63.3 KB
ID:	2317322
    1945 with the three Italian built submersibles A.R.A. "Santa Fe" S-1 (C/O
    Teniente de Navio D. Mario Bossi), A.R.A. "Salta" S-2 (C/O Capitn de Corbeta D. Romas Savus) and A.R.A. "Santiago Del Estero" S-3 (C/O Teniente de Navio D, Eduardo Dunzelmann), along with veteran ex-protected cruiser, now depot ship, guardacosta A.R.A. "General Belgrano" (C/O Capitn de Fragata D. Luis Mallea).
    KH
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  43. #312
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 224

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 12 U 977 commissioning 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	72.1 KB
ID:	2317418Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 12 U 977 tied up at a dock with its schnorchel (snorkel) raised 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	91.6 KB
ID:	2317410Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 14 U 977  Oberleutnant zur See Heinz Schaeffer 2.jpg
Views:	16
Size:	72.6 KB
ID:	2317338Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 13 U 977  Oberleutnant zur See Heinz Schaeffer 1.jpg
Views:	15
Size:	32.3 KB
ID:	2317330
    The second German boat in Mar del Plata was a Type VIIC, U 977 (C/O Oberleutnant zur See Heinz Schffer),

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 15 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 977 in Mar del Plata 6.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	84.0 KB
ID:	2317394Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 15 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 977 in Mar del Plata 5.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	45.7 KB
ID:	2317386Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 15 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 977 17.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	69.2 KB
ID:	2317378Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 15 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 977 8.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	131.7 KB
ID:	2317370Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 15 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 977 6.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	247.5 KB
ID:	2317362Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 15 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 977 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	195.2 KB
ID:	2317354Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 15 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 977 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	303.3 KB
ID:	2317346Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 24 Base Naval Mar del Plata U 977 9.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	215.4 KB
ID:	2317402
    which arrived in Argentina 17 August 1945
    after 108 days at sea,which included a 66-day continuous submerged Schnorchel run. And no, Hitler and Eva Braun or Martin Bormann or a nazi gold treasure had not been on board.
    KH
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  44. #313
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    Default

    thanks for your kind words!
    I am VERY sure that several here will not give up

  45. #314
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 225

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 24 Base Naval Mar del Plata US crew and Argentine officials 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	192.6 KB
ID:	2319202Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 25 U-530 after being cleaned up and under control of US Navy 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	72.1 KB
ID:	2319194
    U-530 (U.S. C/O Lt.Cdr. Glen Jacobsen, USN)

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 25 U-977 after being cleaned up and under control of US Navy 1.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	233.4 KB
ID:	2319186Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 25 U-977 underway after being cleaned up and under control of US Navy 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	248.7 KB
ID:	2319178
    and U-977 (U.S. C/O Lt.Cdr. T. Cooper, USN, other sources say Cdr. John W. Eckman, USN) were cleaned up

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 30 Victory Tour U-530 in Houston, Texas in 1945 with U.S. Navy Crew 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	179.5 KB
ID:	2319138Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 26 U-977 Members of U-977's US Navy crew pose for the camera background USS Baker (.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	270.4 KB
ID:	2319170
    and brought to the United States by their new U.S. Navy crews,

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 28 U-530 and USS Thomas on Victory Bond tour 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	122.4 KB
ID:	2319162Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 28 Victory Tour U-977 and U-530 at the Rio de Janeiro Naval Base in Brazil in Septe.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	97.1 KB
ID:	2319154Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 29 Victory Tour U-977 and U-530 in Boston 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	87.7 KB
ID:	2319146

    where they were both part of the Victory Tour showing off enemy equipment to the public

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 35 U-977 is torpedoed in a test by USS Atule off Cape Cod, Massachusetts on 13 Nove.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	126.5 KB
ID:	2319130Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 o 37 U-530 being torpedoed by Toro (SS-422) on 20 or 21 November, 1947 2.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	136.4 KB
ID:	2319210
    Sometime afterwards both U-Boats were sunk by the U.S. Navy as targets.
    KH
    please help me with my Polish, Hungarian and Romanian MN-datasheet, click here:
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  46. #315
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    Default Dieppe Raid, 19 August 1942, Part 226

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 p 0 0 crew of Japanese submarine with Subhash Chandra Bose and Hasan (to Boses right.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	105.7 KB
ID:	2319250
    6 May 1943 already I-29 disembarked its passengers

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 p 0 0 Sabang Harbor 3.jpg
Views:	1
Size:	74.1 KB
ID:	2319266
    at Sabang harbor on Weh-Island

    Click image for larger version.

Name:	01.04. 1 4 p 0 0 port of Penang, made by the observer of the on-board seaplane-scout from I-29 3.jpg
Views:	1
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    instead of Penang to avoid detection by the British. At Sabang, Colonel Yamamoto Bin, head of the "Hikari Kikan" unit, the Japanese-Indian liaison group, greeted Bose whom he had known in Berlin when Yamamoto was an Assistant Military Attach there. Later, Bose and Yamamoto flew from Sabang via Penang, Manila, Saigon and Formosa arriving 16 May at Tokyo,

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 p 0 Wang Jingwei (center) looks on as Subhas Chandra Bose and Hideki Tojo meet for th.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 4 p 1 Subhash Chandra Bose and Prime Minister Hideki Tojo, Tokyo, Japan, 10 Jun 1943.jpg
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    where Bose was received by Premier Tojo Hideki

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 p 2 Subhash is seen giving toast to the Emperor of Japan 1.jpg
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    and later by Emperor Hirohito.

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Name:	01.04. 1 4 p 5 Subhas Chandra Bose inspecting Troops of Indian National Army , Singapore 1.jpg
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Name:	01.04. 1 4 p 7 Japanese Army General Kenji Doihara inspecting troops of the Indian National Army.jpg
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    With Japanese support Bose recruited thousands of Indian troops captured in Singapore into the Indian National Army (18,000 civilians volunteered to fight alongside the 35,000 former prisoners of war then serving with the INA) - to fight the British.
    KH
    please help me with my Polish, Hungarian and Romanian MN-datasheet, click here:
    http://www.gunboards.com/form.asp

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